Aspects of the question to be examined: • The extent to which there were meaningful differences between why the respective Northern and Southern segments of the United States wanted to abolish slavery • For purposes of answering the question, the ‘The North’ of the United States is synonymous with the Union states and likewise ‘The South’ is defined as those states which comprised the Confederate States of America • The significance of slavery in Southern society and whether it was comparable to that of pre-abolition North • The role played by the contrasting institutions of the North and South in hastening or hindering the abolitionist movement Historical debates: • One group of scholars stress the role of morality and personal values. Leon F. Litwack says that it was the public adoption of ‘principles used to justify the American Revolution’ which ultimately doomed slavery in the North. Eugene Genovese also rejects the notion of ‘dollars and cents’ being the motivation towards maintaining slavery in the South. Stephen Haynes and James Stewart underscore the importance that religion
Douglass worked towards improved race conditions and women's issues. During the Civil War, he argued that slaves should have the right to fight for their freedom. The emancipation and suffrage of freedpeople were his concerns to solve during the Reconstruction Era. Douglass was still actively fighting for the equality of African Americans and women despite the emergence of white supremacist organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan. (His courage contributed to find solutions ("moral transformation"5)for "slavish personality"6, which abolitionists faced a dilemma between slave and free political communities. )
On September 2nd, 1862, Abraham Lincoln famously signed the Emancipation Proclamation. After that, there’s been much debate on whether Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation truly played a role in freeing the slaves with many arguments opposing or favoring this issue. In Vincent Harding’s essay, The Blood-red Ironies of God, Harding argues in his thesis that Lincoln did not help to emancipate the slaves but that rather the slaves “self-emancipated” themselves through the war. On the opposition, Allen C Guelzo’s essay, Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America, argues in favor of the Emancipation Proclamation and Guelzo acknowledges Lincoln for the abolishment of slavery through the Emancipation Proclamation. Guelzo proposes in his essay that Lincoln intended on abolishing slavery and completed this by signing the Emancipation Proclamation, crediting the Emancipation Proclamation as the most revolutionary pronouncement ever signed by an American president.
These proponents of slavery would also have to contend with the majority of the Southern Whites who did not have a share in the economic benefits of slavery. The only viable strategy was that of racism would align them with the emotions of the time, i.e., equality and liberty but not as human beings but as whites and blacks. They would justify their cause saying though all white are equal and must enjoy the fruits of freedom and liberty they were ushered to them on account of being whites and hence superior to the other race and hence the slaves must not be allowed to live as a equals in a democratic free world. All these justifications had their root in the economic benefits that slavery provided and that it was still one of the most profitable ventures across the
The article entitled “Why I am Black and Not African American” written by John H. McWhorter argues that americans should use the term black instead of African American when referring to people of color. The term black is perceived as a symbol of strength and hard work, while the term african american transports blacks back to a time in history filled with bondage and discrimination. Therefore, McWhorter argues that the derogatory term of african american should not be used and that the term black is more appropriate. McWhorter was able to establish a strong argument because he met several of the standard criteria for a quality argument. The established criteria explains that a quality argument must include a debatable thesis, supporting evidence, ethos, pathos, and an opposition.
America. Jefferson Davis, who was elected as a president of the Confederate States of America, was as eloquent proslavery president of the Confederacy. He believed that slavery was the crucial factor in Sothern States’ wealth. Jefferson Davis view of the Constitution was a contrary to what Frederick Douglas believed. He saw the Constitution as a great protections for whites.
On the contrary, Du Bois only provided one view to how African Americans were being treated; Washington had a friendlier approach. This may be due to his fear of being lynched or placing African Americans in a harsher situation than they already were. Washington seemed more methodical—he was thinking about African Americans having the full rights of the 14th and 15th amendments. At the same, he was also concerned about the consequences of his speech, and if it angered the whites more than it relieved the situation they were all facing. Washington and Du Bois had every intention to improve the social and political status of African Americans, but they sought different plans to achieve such goals due to their different upbringings, values, and opinions.
Many believe it was a fight for the rights and freedom of slaves, so what was the main cause of the Civil War was the issue of states rights and the preservation of the Union than rather than the issue of slavery. The primary cause of the Civil War was the issue of slavery. “Slavery played an important role in changing the United States slaves didn 't had any right.”(Overview of Slavery). The South wanted to keep slaves while the North didn´t want slaves.The North wanted slaves to stop being treated as prisoners and for them to have their
Allen Guelzo and Vincent Harding approached Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and the eventual abolition of slavery from two very different viewpoints. The major disagreement between them is whether the slaves freed themselves, or Abraham Lincoln and his Emancipation Proclamation freed them. Harding argued the former view, Guelzo took the later. When these essays are compared side by side Guelzo’s is stronger because, unlike Harding, he was able to keep his own views of American race relations out of the essay and presented an argument that was based on more than emotion. Allen Guelzo’s Thesis was centered around the idea that Lincoln viewed emancipation as “a goal to be achieved through prudential means, so that worthwhile consequences might result.” He argued that every gradual step Lincoln took towards the abolition of slavery was done to “balance the integrity of ends with the integrity of means,” to accomplish this while still placing the constitution above all of his personal opinions.
The government of the United States has taught and interpreted the idea of race onto its citizens. Race is not something that we are born with but instead we are taught who to discriminate against. Burgett and Hendler (2014a) state that race has established, “who may be property, and who are citizens, and among the latter who get to vote and who do not, who are protected by law and who are not, who have access and privilege and who are (to be) marginalized” (p. 208). The success of the United States as a nation can be attributed to the work of slaves. “[As stated by Bush], ‘the very people traded into slavery helped to set America free through their struggle of injustice’” (Burgett & Hendler, 2014b, p. 226).