From the help of “symbolizations, specializations, and organization,” it “enable[d] civilized societies[Egypt and Mesopotamia] to extend greater control over their environments” (Fagan 1). Sumerian civilizations shared a common culture, language, and set of beliefs. This however did not produce peace that they hoped for. Instead, because of this, there were lots of competition and resulted into warfare. “The great centers of Sumerian civilization shared a
SS PROJECT POWERPOINT SLIDE PLANNING Sʟɨɖɛ օռɛ Introduction Ancient civilisation: ancient sumer Done by: Carolyn and Si Ru *insert pictures* Slide two: Ancient sumer Sumer was one of the the world 's first civilisations. It developed in an ancient land known as Mesopotamia, where it was located in an area that is now part of modern-area Iraq. Many civilisations developed along rivers. The people of Sumer settled in the the area between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, where the land is fertile as the rivers provide it with a steady supply of water. As the fertile land would help farmers ' crops grow well, they began to settle in the area.
For instance, the relationship between humans and gods that resound throughout the narrative, gender divisions, civilization versus nature and lastly, how the Sumerians lived. The story of Gilgamesh is one of the earliest epics in world literature and was composed in Southern Mesopotamia before 2000 B.C. As mentioned and discovered by scientists, this writing was inscribed on twelve clay tables in cuneiform that depicted the way of life in Mesopotamia. During this period, a major factor influencing behavior, personal and political decision-making, and material culture was religion. Sumerians had a polytheistic belief system, which means that the people believed and worshipped multiple gods and goddesses.
RELIGION to the GODS AND DEITIES of ANCIENT EGYPT BY: Rory Adrian McBeath ’`’`’`’`’``’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’`’` For human beings, religion can be a way of seeing things in the world, and also a way to answer questions that are hard to know the answer to. Through studying Ancient Egypt, it’s clear that religion was an important part of Ancient Egypt’s society and history, so how did religion affect different parts of society? Similar to how we think of religion today, it guided every aspect of life. For example ancient Egyptians would pray to a god when they needed help with a problem. Many people do that today--like
Both Egyptians and the Mayan cultures were striving well in their time. I think that there were some things that they did the same to strive and any different to be able to adapt to their environment and culture. The Egyptians originated in 4,000 to 3,500 B.C. located in North Africa and the Mayans began in 3,300 B.C. in on the Yucatan Peninsula in North America.
Mesopotamia and Egypt were early river valley civilizations. Archaeologists have discovered an incredible amount of information about them, and in that research many similarities and differences about the civilization’s religions stood out. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions were polytheistic and believed in an afterlife, however Mesopotamians viewed gods as human-like and had grim views of life after death, while Egyptians viewed gods as a cross between humans and animals and had brighter views concerning their afterlife. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were polytheistic civilizations. Mesopotamians believed in gods such as Utu, the sun god, and Ereshkigal, the god of the afterlife (Mesopotamia ppt).
Stable government systems were also created based off these social classes, which had a role in the development of religion as well. Trade routes were formed along the Nile and Euphrates that allowed Egypt and Mesopotamia to trade with other civilizations as well and also allowed for civilizations to expand their regions, and ultimately increase their wealth. One of the main differences between the social classes of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia is that Egyptian women had more choices than Mesopotamian women, which could be because of the fact that Mesopotamia was influenced by empires where women had no choice for the lives they lived, while Egypt was somewhat
The Sumerians believed in kingship and as said in chapter one of the history book, “They derived their power form the gods, and they were agents of the gods.” The gods ruled their city. Therefore, the city centered around political, religious, economical, social, and cultural developments. Sargon’s Empire is an example of new political and military structures. As said in the history books, “His power was based on his military, namely, his standing army of 5,000 men.”
Mesopotamian and Ancient Egyptian Civilizations Religion in ancient time was known to influence peoples’ views and ways of life such as geographically, spiritually, politically, and even scientific discoveries made. Religion was the foundation of Mesopotamian and Ancient Egyptian civilizations. Both known for their polytheistic believes and rituals. Sharing similar concepts of explaining supernatural events though mythology. Yet the relationship shared in religious views between Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt was very different.
In ancient Greece, every city-state had temples devoted to different gods including a patron god of that city state. These temples were not only places where worshippers could go the pray to the gods but also a place where worshippers could make offerings to specific gods in order to appease them. This could be either to try to solve a problem or, more commonly, bribe a god so that they may have luck in the future. These offerings came in many forms including a portion of a family’s harvest or weath. In order the appease the gods of the Maya religion, the priests conduct human sacrifices on top of large pyramids that bring them closer to the gods.