Madness is a subjective state, it is based and influenced by personal feelings, beliefs and opinions. Madness can be analyzed in different ways and can be seen in numerous areas in one’s life. Madness could be seen when a traumatic event has occurred and in personal opinions. A book that explains madness well is Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, which includes a traumatic event that causes the protagonist to go mad. In Plato’s Ion, madness could be seen in Ion’s belief that his opinions are sane but for Socrates they seem to be insane.
Psychoanalysis, founded by Sigmund Freud, is a type of therapy which aims to make the unconscious mind conscious by releasing repressed emotions . In this type of therapy, they believe the patient’s condition can be determined by any repressed memories of childhood as well as any conflict between their conscious and subconscious which can result in these mental illnesses. We also now know of the Oedipus and Electra complex, both based on two great Greek plays (one of which this essay is about). The Oedipus complex concerns a son’s desire for his mother and his competition with his father for her attention whereas the Electra complex is the female version of this and involves a daughter’s competition with her mother for her father’s attention and love . The themes of madness in The Bough Breaks are thought to be caused by the gods as well as Agamemnon’s ghost, but now we can analyse these symptoms of madness using psychoanalysis but also show that the Electra complex is
The article explains the sociological perspective on mental hospitals is congruent with the caricature presented in the movie, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. Mental illness is viewed as residual deviance, and mental hospitals as total institutions in which patients who are not really sick are oppressed by authoritarian mental health professionals. Propositions explain why this negative stereotype has been widely accepted. What originally were advanced as ideal types have been treated as empirical types by some researchers who have found what they expected to see Crude labelling theory has displaced a disease perspective. The reformist bias of sociologists, an anti-establishment, pro-underdog sentimentality, and naive reliance on pseudopatient
‘How does Hitchcock use techniques to reinforce the idea of duality in Psycho?’ Duality within a person is the ideology that there is both a negative and positive contrast residing within everyone, which is usually referred to as the dark and light side of a person. The idea of duality is reinforced throughout Alfred Hitchcock’s 1960 American horror thriller film, Psycho. Hitchcock portrays this idea of duality by utilizing the film techniques irony, recurring symbols and mise en scene. The film was produced in black in white to accentuate the concept of duality throughout the film.
A young man named Tom suffers an act of hypnosis which leads him onto hallucinating a young woman and feeling excruciating pain. A movie is also based off of it, but it drastically differs from the original book. The plot holds a large difference,
In fact, by using an inner and limited point of view, the writer analyses in depth the psychology of the perverse and contradictory protagonists of his stories and exposes a kind of madness that induces readers to think of them as unreliable narrators. For instance, in works such as “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “The Black Cat” , the narrators attempt to prove their sanity providing a rational explanation of their actions and portraying their crimes as excusable. However, their inability to question their own abnormal behaviour, as well as their irrational fixations, are signs of their lack of sanity.
Further, in To Have and Have Not the ‘shadow’ archetype of the protagonist is in repressed state despite the problems he was facing in the Depression period. But when he is cheated, the insecure ‘shadow’ archetype gives way to violence that normally happens in the case of any normal human being. Marx and Hillix(1963), the two psychologists, working on Jungian theory, explain the reasons for violence as they say, “With regard to violence and the observation there of, the ‘shadow’ archetype is pivotal. This archetype is thought to integrate our prehuman, and hence, premoral impulsions.
What if these situations are domino effects of each other? In Teaching William Shakespeare 's Hamlet from Multiple Critical Perspectives by Douglas Grudzina, there is a critical perspective called “psychoanalytic/Freudian theory.” The chapter details that with this perspective, “One will further understand that a character’s outward behavior might conflict with inner desires, or might reflect as-yet-undiscovered inner desires.” Outwardly, Hamlet may be treating Ophelia in a rude and disrespectful manner, but inwardly, he struggles with much more that had nothing to do with her personally. Instead of turning to the girl he loved for comfort and support, he shut her out in order to protect himself from what he saw as another opportunity to be hurt.
His madness is guided by what his memory and lack of memory dictates. But it could be argued that Hamlet did possessed a certain means of control over his memory. During the excerpt, Hamlet stated, “I’ll wipe away all trivial fond records” (1.5.99). This quote raises the question of which memories did Hamlet not find trivial and foolish, and worth maintaining. One notable set of memories he retained were those of Horatio.
Another major example of this engraved deception are the Ministry of peace, plenty, love, and truth. Each of these is a contradiction to its true purpose all though the most influential is the ministry of love. On the outside especially to the Proles they seem perfectly normal but the more that you learn about their true natures it is discovered that these ministries are very evil and show the true villainous intentions of the Party. The Ministry of love is not only the prison of the nation but a torture brainwashing center. It is described in the beginning as a guarded place where you can only enter if invited though it’s true purpose is later discovered.
Before Hitchcock’s film Psycho in 1960, many individuals watched the movies from beginning to end as if it were non important. Alfred Hitchcock grabbed the the audiences minds and created suspense, anxiety, horror, and leaving the viewers at the edge of their seats wanting more. Because of this newfound view of films, Alfred Hitchcock’s ideas inspired some of the scariest movies known today which you may know as The Exorcist, Halloween, The Shining, and more.