One of the causes of gender inequality in India is the domination of men over women. Men exploit women and this is not something that happens now, but this is a phenomenon that has been happening since a long time ago. Some people have other opinions about this topic, for example, some people think that women must be in custody of her father when she is a child, in the one of her husband when married, and when she is old, she must be in the custody of her son, this will also happen if she is a widow, she will never be treated as an independent
A lack of information on the nature of unemployment among women has significant implications. Data inadequacies led to misconceptions about women's work roles and their employment needs. It can have serious repercussions on the effectiveness of economic resources allocated to women development schemes. For example, employment projects for the poor women would be misdirected or misinformation about the availability of women for employment may lead to their non-recruitment. For making strategies for fully utilizing resources for advancing the role and status of women in society, it is necessary that data on female participation in economic activity reflects their position accurately.
It is more apparent that the most serious cause for women oppression is the African tradition. Although Africa is the home of diverse cultures, it is the land where women are subjected to oppression and discrimination either socially, economically or educationally. After all, women are not form Venus and men are not from mars. At that point equality between the two genders becomes inevitable no matter what country they came from or what culture they’re subjected to. Moreover, this equality must be ruled by some laws to guarantee that they will not be broken.
Roles of women in the past are viewed as a secondary class in society. They are not allowed to go to school, to work, or to vote. Later, women are allowed to work during WWII as men joined the army during the war. The shortage in labor force gave an opportunity for women to participate in society as a labor. Since then the number of working women has increased led to the demand of equality across gender in society.
The issues of access to education especially for girls is a complex situation as In India there is a strong preference for sons over daughter s that lead to discrimination against daughters and research on education has shown that girls are at a disadvantage compared to boys and are less likely to attend school (Kingdon 2005), and even if they go they are more likely to discontinue at an earlier age to contribute to household duties or due to financial constraints in family that cannot support their education .Though there are numerous research on gender disparity none of them address the role of context that shape this persistent educational disparity . Girls are often taken out of schools to contribute to household responsibilities and in the case of millions of landless labourers’ families who migrate in search of work for more than 8 months in a year find it easier to leave
ABSTRACT Gender wage gap persist in the world for a very long time.Economic growth expands the gender wage gap instead of contracting it.The developed economies are also hit by this phenomenon,while the developing economies are the worst hit.Gender wage gap in industrial sectors leads to market inefficiencies and ultimately leads to market failures.The main reason behind this gap is the altered sex ratio and female labour force participation across the organised and unorganised sectors of the economy.The social norms and stereotypical consciousness about women’s work lead to restricted choices of employment for women in india.All these factors lead to scarce employment oppurtunities and wage discrimination against women in india.This paper
The marriage institution is another arena where women have faced discrimination. In many African societies, parents determined who marries their daughters before they are old enough to decide for themselves, and in extreme instances, girls as young as seven have been married off to men old enough to be their grandfathers (Mukto-Muno 2012). Neglect of and discrimination against girls, particularly in societies with strong son preference, also contributes to early marriage of girls. Early marriage has been reported to devalue women in many African societies. Another economic reason which perpetuates the practice of female discrimination is related to dowries.
INTRODUCTION: One of the major problems of India society is the inferior position accorded to women. The do not enjoy equal status and their condition is far from satisfactory. The status and position of women in different period, viz. Ancient, Medieval, British and Independent period. However, the status and position of women fell in the later Vedic and epic periods.
1.1 Background of the study Promoting women’s empowerment is essential because in most cases women are responsible for their children and for their family, thus empowering women is empowering the society in large (world bank, 2001 ).The global statistics show that Women are in charge of 60-80 percent of the world’s work, and produce 50 percent of the food. Despite the fact that their contribution is significant, they have limited economic advantage and access to productive resources (Lawless 2009). History has shown a number of approaches to development have been employed to solve the socioeconomic ills of the third world. However, these approaches failed to achieve their goals partly because they completely ignored women and their contribution to the efforts of development (Easter, 1999). Throughout history and in many societies, inequalities of women and men were part and parcel of an accepted male-dominated culture.
Gender inequality and women’s vulnerability are known to be the main factors of violence against women in many Asian countries. When we say inequality and vulnerability, we speak of the following aspects: economic, traditional, cultural and social. As we can see, women possess a weaker position in the society, which includes but is not limited to occupation, education, and economy. This is why it seemed to be normal for women to depend their lives on men when it comes to poverty. Another thing, there are things done by men that seem impossible for women.