Thesis: Iago, from Shakespeare's Othello, is one of the most memorable villains in all of literature. Iago deceives, steals, and kills to get everything that he wants. The play is centered on Iago's dislike for Othello, however, it is not that Iago pushes aside his conscience to commit these acts, but that he lacks a conscience to begin with. Iago's amorality can be seen throughout the play and is demonstrated by his actions against not only Othello, but Desmona and Emilia. Iago is able to manipulate the other characters of the play because he is a villain who doesn't understand the morals of society.
In The Grapes Of Wrath, By John Steinbeck, the ending is very controversial in many ways, the most obvious ways though are fundamentally wrong, morally wrong, and just how depressing it is. Since the book came out in 1939, everyone has had a opinion on the ending to John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath. Michael Harmon once said, “The ending can be seen two ways, as a tool for people to recognize the poverty and destruction at that time, or as a way to get more citizens to read the book”. It has a very controversial ending, that Steinbeck thought would name the last nail into the coffin, so to speak, on how bad the dust bowl and moving west really was. Ma and Rose of Sharon look at each other and they agree that Rose of Sharon should use her milk, that she doesn’t need because her baby was stillborn, and feed this old man.
Unlike Shakespeare, Wilde uses names to further the satirical nature of The Importance of Being Earnest. Throughout the play Wilde is perpetually using situational irony, exaggeration, deflation and epigrammatic phrases in order to ridicule societies social norms. Although the play is satirical it also gives a lot of insight on the importance of names. The play states that names are enough to judge character and even status in society. Wilde uses Algernon especially to ridicule society, at of the play he states that “divorces are made in heaven” which is ironic because by the very end of the play he proposes to a girl who he knew for ten minutes (Wilde).
A Streetcar Named Desire is a renowned play, written in 1947, by American playwright, Tenessee Williams. The play unravels an intense series of confrontations made between Blanche Dubois and Stanley Kowalski, which inevitably leads to the “death” of the traditional Southern values that Blanche represents, and thus, the rise of new, post-war American values, which is portrayed through Stanley. Williams was strongly critical of modern America, and disagreed with the inequality present between men and women, and disliked the tough, callous society that came with modern America. This criticism of modern American values led Williams to deliberately present Stanley in a negative manner, through his animalistic characteristics, lack of emotion, and dominating qualities towards women. Thus, Williams makes use of characterisation, stage directions, and props to reveal how Stanley’s powerful, yet negatively portrayed characteristics, represents the social group of the working class of modern America.
He launched into a stormy and controversial career in the theater. The most important text of his literary criticism is Trios Discours sur le poème dramatique (Three discourses on Dramatic poetry, 1660) that was produced in response to the controversies from critics and French literary and political establishment he had ignited, to explain and justify his own dramatic practice. This attack was based on the play’s alleged failure to observe the rules of classical theater as laid down by Aristotle and Horace. His play violated the classical unities of action time and place. His idea is to adapt classical precepts to modern requirements of the stage and to provide a broader and more liberal interpretation of those precepts.
In William Shakespeare’s novel, Romeo and Juliet, a seemingly endless feud between the two houses, the Capulets and Montagues, disrupts the city of Verona with their immaturity and unexplained controversy, causing devastating results for Romeo and Juliet’s blooming romance. The events that were caused by revenge and hatred lead the two star-crossed lovers to perform a secret marriage, forcing them to haste their adulthood and allow their fate to decide their ultimate end; dying in despair. In literature, people are often at fault for the outcome of the play. The Capulets’ and Montagues’ feud was not the only reason leading to the catastrophic ending as Shakespeare creates twists in his plays, connecting the characters and events to the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet’s death.
In Pyramus and Thisbe, their main downfall is the misunderstanding. For example, when Pyramus sees Thisbe 's torn up the cloak, soaked
In the play The Tragedy of Macbeth by William Shakespeare, Macbeth did a lot of horrible things to people who were a threat to him as a king. As well as other characters in the play who hard times with ambition, peer pressure, fate decided, the guilt in their vain, and their gender roles. This play happened in the past also relevant during the present time, with it showing characterization to us and to the play. The motifs that were shown in the play can be seen in a reality of the present time like fate. People can be gullible into believing what is said to them or written for their fortune.
Author Stieg Larsson once wrote, “Impulsive actions led to trouble, and trouble could have unpleasant consequences.” In the play Romeo and Juliet, written by William Shakespeare, each characters have a flaw that are used against their circumstances. Very rarely does a character in this story thought about the consequences of their actions before they did something, resulting in devastating outcomes. Granted, the main characters of the story have a noticeable weakness that contributes to their tragic ends. Romeo and Juliet both have a fatal flaw of being too impulsive when it comes to love and decisions.
In comparison, the inconsistency between diction depicts the power dynamics observed in the play. Shakespeare often uses Prospero’s servant, Ariel and slave, Caliban to portray the differences in the hierarchy of the play. As observed by the audience Prospero often uses threats and insults to communicate and assign task to Caliban, hence “...tonight thou shalt have cramps, side stitches that shall pen thy breath up. ”(I.ii.325-326) Prospero threatens Caliban with pain after his refusal to do work, because he feels as if the isle belongs to him due to the fact that it was inhabited by his mother first.
Language changed in the 18790’s because of the French revolution. Enemies usually cussed and talked a lot of craziness about each other. At the time, swearing about another country was just bad words and all talk and then soon enough it became a lot worse than normal swear words and bad jokes. Things got a lot serious where people would actually believe some of the rumored and critical language being spoken about the French. It became sort of like a plague of bad conspiracies.
The Salem witches and McCarthyism are two of the most shameful moments in modern U.S. history. A great play writer named Arthur Miller decided to make a statement about McCarthyism and Salem Witch Trials; he did this through an impactful play called the Crucible. McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy, was a time where actors, writer, and poets had accusations of being Communist. If you were accused of being Communist, you were called before the court. If denied these accusations you were blacklisted.
Throughout William Shakespeare’s famous tragedy, Romeo and Juliet, Romeo has a difficult time controlling his actions because of his emotions. Characters Romeo cares about, such as Mercutio, Tybalt, and Juliet, are affected by his behavior and actions. The choices Romeo makes are very impulsive and cause many characters throughout the story to be victimized. The first victim who suffers from an irrational decision of Romeo is Mercutio.
Misogynism in Taming of the Shrew ` A misogynist is a person who repels, dislikes, or mistrusts women. There’s been several debates about this topic in Shakespeare’s comedy, Taming of the Shrew. Some believe that his play is quite sexist, and feminist have been on top of that, and the others believe that people are just comparing his play to modern times, and women were treated like that back then. The two sides each have a point, just depends in what point of view you see it at. Let’s look at it through the eyes of the people who believe the play is misogynistic.
Overall, A Streetcar Named Desire is showing the downfalls of not expressing sexuality while doing the rare thing of showcasing sexuality in the context of a society that dismissed and condemned it. Tennessee Williams was a gay man who knew the frustration of living in a time period that demanded his sexuality be repressed. Through the play, he communicates how high a price individuals had to pay for expressing their desires. In Blanche’s case, her expression of sexuality led to her being committed to a mental institute, and in Allen Grey’s case death. Despite this Williams also imparts to his audience the negative impacts of disguising one 's sexuality behind the guise of what is considered normal and proper.