In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. led a peaceful movement in Birmingham, Alabama. The purpose of the demonstration was to bring awareness and end to racial disparity in Birmingham. Later that night, King and his followers were detained by city authorities. While in custody, King wrote the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” This letter voiced out his disappointment in the criticisms, and oppositions that the general public and clergy peers obtained.
I have never advocated any violence. I 've only said that Black people who are the victims of organized violence perpetrated upon us by the Klan, the Citizens ' Council, and many other forms, we should defend ourselves. And when I say that we should defend ourselves against the violence of others, they use their press skillfully to make the world think that I 'm calling on violence, period.” Indeed sit ins are effective because they get national attention an example when sit ins were successful where in 1960 four
In the “letter from Birmingham Jail” by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., he uses pathos, logos and rhetorical devices such as imagery, sarcasm and biblical allusions to show how his work of nonviolent protests are smart and how Birmingham has violated their civil rights. He expresses himself in his letter by explaining why he can not wait any longer because of the countless murders, the unsolved bombing, lynching, and violence towards the black community. MLK Jr. came across a statement which was a call for unity by eight Clergymen while being in the Birmingham city jail because of him not having a license to protest. In response to the eight Clergymen, Dr. king decided to write a historical letter letting them know that freedom was not an option because of the false promise and the continued violence. The letter is written to inform the people who are against, neutral and with segregation that it is time to take action and prove to the clergymen why he will stand up for what is right.
King was a very educated man who was raised in a Christian upbringing this is where his roots lie when it comes to civil disobedience and peaceful protests. This letter explains the current events in Birmingham in 1963 as well as the rest of America and it defines the action taken by King through the whole civil rights movements. The theme of this letter, or argument was how to treat the vulnerable who at this time were the black community. This document could be classified as a private letter and also a political letter due to the fact that the letter was originally intended for the clergy men in Birmingham; however, it was also made public and discussed major political issues that affected the society.
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
On August 28, 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. delivered a famous speech during the March on Washington for Jobs and freedom, this speech was called “I have a dream.” This speech was focused on ending racism and equal rights for African Americans during the civil rights movement. He displays a great amount of pathos, logos, and ethos in his speech. Martin Luther King Jr. displays pathos by targeting the audience’s emotion by talking about his American dream that could also be other peoples too. He shows logos by giving a sense of hope to the people that better things will come in time.
He was their voice. Throughout the “letter” Dr. King demonstrated pathos by engaging his readers of the struggle of being an African American descent. Dr. King starts off by letting his readers know that he was confined during the time of the letter was written and he was addressing the eight clergymen who called his action of a peaceful protest “untimely and unwise”. (King Jr., p. 645) However, he continues to explain his reason for being in Birmingham by saying that injustice was present and he could not just sit in another state and watch it;” Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”
New York Police Officers feel no commitment in having to treat any black or Hispanic with respect because of their race. The generic debate made by Bob Herbert in his work, Jim Crow Policing, is that stops are a representation of cops being racist and harassers as well. More precisely Herbert feuds that racial profiling has become a tool of harassment. Herbert states, “Rather than a legitimate crime-fighting tool, these stops are a despicable racially oriented tool of harassment”(NY Times Herbert). In the passage, Herbert is specifying that blacks and Hispanics were commonly stopped and frisked for their race.
Martin Luther King Jr. wrote the letter from jail, after he got arrested during a peaceful protest. At the time segregation was still a part of the culture in the United States and Martin Luther King Jr. and his followers were working diligently and peacefully to try and make a change in people’s hearts about segregation. In this letter MLK Jr. is writing to defend his strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism, which he does effectively by using rhetoric. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference focused on Birmingham, Alabama to start a nonviolent direct action campaign with the goal to get the city to get rid of segregation laws.
We honor him for his bravery and his courage to impact our world in the right way. President Bill Clinton paid tribute to Robinson in Shea Stadium because of the impact he had on pro sports and on our world, during his time he was a symbol of hope and he still is. He was honored for all he did in this world and the impact he had on all. He did what he believed in. In Robinsons letter to the president he addressed how the world just keeps saying be patient and then wouldn’t do anything, he called out the president on how he isn’t helping everyone, he is hurting everyone.
These were supposed to be non-violent protest that show to the nation the inequalities that the blacks faced. Riots broke out and many blacks were arrested and 2 killed. Because of the violence, Martin Luther King Jr. was asked to come to Birmingham. It is here that he created his famous “letter from Birmingham jail”. He brought to light for other clergy men who were opposed to him being there the injustices that Blacks in Birmingham had endured.
For so long I lecture, for so long I preach, for so long I dream that the magnificence of equality is not a far away from our children and they’re children. That unity, unity, hope, and justice will be common among us. I am Ashley Rivera and I was a part of the million-man march.
In “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King defends the protestors’ thirst for justice by demonstrating the unjust society they live in. Over fifty years after the letter was written, it is still read today. Often times it gives people a sense of identity. However this letter gives me more than an identity. This letter gives me reason and motivation to always fight for a just society.
Roman Mendez CRJ 1113-001 @01505193 I. Describe racial profiling and racially biased policing Racial profiling is a prominent problem in America in general. No individual goes unjudged in todays society. The US department of Justice claims "Issues surrounding race in America, and, specifically, racial profiling have been highly visible and volatile. " (Bias-Based Policing, n.d) Racial profiling is defined as "Creating a profile about the kinds of people who commit certain types of crimes" by the National Institute of Justice.
He believed in nonviolent protests and he advised others to use marches, sit-ins, and peaceful demonstrations to bring attention to segregation and inequality between races. He remained committed to this approach and he slowly inspired people on a national level. In 1963, he led the march on Washington that was designed for jobs and freedom. His speech was given in front of 250,000 people and in his main emphasis King stated, “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.”