This shows a use of dramatic and situational irony. It’s dramatic because the reader knows that the “beast” is Simon, but the boys do not because of their fear-induced savagery. It’s situational because when he was attacked, Simon was on his way to tell the others his discovery about the “beast” on the mountain, but they thought he was the beast and killed him. This connects to the theme because it shows how the author uses figurative language to illustrate the causes of the boys’ fear, how they respond to it, and how they feel in the heat of the
Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad is a story that centers around Marlow, an introverted sailor, and his treacherous journey up the Congo River in search of a man name Kurtz. Unfamiliar with the terrain and natives, Marlow faced many different obstacles that made his journey even more tough. Obstacles like the Congo River and the dense jungles that surround it not only limited the crew progress, but also aroused confusion as well. Joseph Conrad amazing use of descriptive wording and imagery help the readers understand why their surrounding was giving them uneasiness throughout their expedition to meet up with Kurtz. The readers can understand why nature was truly an adversary to Marlow and his crew.
New Criticism View of Imperialism in Heart of Darkness In Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, the imperialism of Africa is described. Conrad tells the story of the cruel treatment of the natives and of the imperialism of the Congo region through the perspective of the main character, Marlow. Throughout the novel, Marlow describes how the Europeans continuously bestow poor treatment to the native people by enslaving them in their own territory. Analyzing the story with the New Criticism lens, it is evident that Conrad incorporates numerous literary devices in Heart of Darkness, including similes, imagery, personification, and antitheses to describe and exemplify the main idea of cruel imperialism in Africa discussed throughout the novella.
The jungle setting presents the idea that the people living on it, General Zaroff and Ivan, have a twisted, chaotic perspective on life and hunting. Connell describes it as, “An unbroken front of snarled and rugged jungle” and “knit of webs and weeds,”(3). The idea that the jungle was “unbroken” proves that no man has figured out how to conquer this lunatic of a man who believes that he will only achieve the thrill of hunting if he is hunting the human species. Rainsford is dumbfounded by the fact that General Zaroff believes, “Life is for the strong, to be lives by the strong, and, if needs be, taken by the strong,” and he becomes outraged when Zaroff actually tries to console Rainsford into joining him (7). Zaroff 's contorted idea of hunting as a game sends Rainsford over the edge and he fully understands the dirt-bag of a man
· In The Jungle, the character Jurgis commits unmoral actions such as, assaulting Ona’s boss and leaving his family after Ona’s death. Knowing the reasons behind these actions causes the reader to feel sympathy for Jurgis more than we would without understanding his
It is now hard for him to trust anyone after being forced to be hunted. “The pit grew deeper; when it was above his shoulders, he climbed out and from some hard saplings cut stakes and sharpened them to a fine point. These stakes he planted in the bottom of the pit with the points sticking up” (Connell 34) because of this flashback Rainsford starts to get scared about himself hurting another human being. He won’t hunt again because he remembers his times of desperation and how he felt while trying to kill a living person. Another factor of Rainsford’s nervousness is when he told that the man being hunted the day before lost his head.
The specific word choice used to describe the gore scenes adds to the brutal environment of the Klondike. London can achieve the savage tone that is in “Call of the Wild” by describing it in detail. It was Buck’s first day at Dyea Beach after being kidnapped. He did not know what to expect, and was shocked by the savageness of the huskies there. “There was no warning, only a leap in like a flash, a metallic clip of teeth, a leap out equally swift, and Curly’s face was ripped open from eye to jaw.”
Throughout the novel, we see Conrad gives us idea about how deceiving one could be. For example when Marlow talks about the map unfamiliar Africa and where unknown part are drawn which turns out white on the map of Africa. Africa appears to be dark through exploitation, colonization and exploration of the rest of the continents. Conrad even uses the idea of light and dark to gives us more idea of the inner status of some of the specific character. In the novel ‘Heart of Darkness’ Mr. Kurtz who is an Caucasian man, who has white skin, but who has the darkest and most corrupt soul in the novel.
According to Albert guerard: Heart of Darkness isn’t really about Africa, it’s a metaphor for a psychological exploration to the heart of human nature and the animal selves that lurk beneath our civilized veneers. The true darkness is the beast within, and the ease with which we may backslide when external constrictions are removed. (qtd in
Ikemefuna, Okonkwo’s stepson, is chosen by the Oracle who orders Okonkwo and a few other men to “‘...take him outside Umuofia as the custom and kill him there’” (Achebe 57). Ending lives, especially those not at fault, is inhumane to most because of how morality is emphasized in many other societies, and looked down on in the eyes of outsiders of that society. While Achebe wanted to correct negative stereotypes of Africans, he also has the goal of presenting “the true colors of Africa” in a particular scene, especially their beliefs in the community. Moreover, the author exemplified another uncivilized act performed in the village of Umuofia, which was a merciless death of a young woman.