Her study was a phonic-based approach. According to Broadley and MacDonald (1993, cited in Eggie, 2011) as individuals with DS are poor at sequential processing, multisensory instruction is an appropriate method to teach phonics to children with DS through small teaching steps. The author of this study argued that students with intellectual disabilities can learn and its educators' crucial role in the process of teaching to help these individuals to be independent learners. Researcher has conducted this study because she thought that the standards in children with disabilities should be higher than what we expect now. Two methods of data collection were used in this study.
Psychometric properties of DAP The validity and reliability of the DAP in this discussion is based on few studies done in relation to it. Laak et al. (2005) undertook a study on the draw a person test as an indicator of children’s cognitive and socio-emotional adaption. This quantitative used 115 participants. Though the reliability was deemed insufficient, the assumed hypothesis that judging children’s human drawings in relation to their developing capacity was found to be reliable.
On the contrary, expert extracts only the needed important key points from the patient 's history that help in physical diagnosis, thus, client centered approach is involved through the collaborative reasoning model (Resnik & Jensen, 2003). The expert clinician owns good communication skills while assessing the patient, where he or she gives more time for the patient to explain and discuss his or her case (Jensen, Shepard, Gwyer, & Hack, 1992). Doody and McAteer founded that the novice has some errors in testing the hypothesis and difficulty in judgment during applying hypothetico-deductive reasoning model. Moreover, they attempt to tailor the treatment to
3) Some may prefer written over visual materials, or they may prefer group versus individual instruction. Matching the learner's preferred style with the educational method will facilitate success in mastery of knowledge. 4) Cognitive impairments need to be identified so an appropriate teaching plan can be designed. 5) This is especially important when providing education to adolescent patients who look to peers for guidance during this segment of the
Information makes an appearance in patient satisfaction. Patients like to know what is going on and what to expect. This is something that the patient is going through personally, giving them clear and precise information that does not conflict the other aids in their satisfaction. Going through any condition can be a little nerve racking. Patients tend to feel out of control when they do not have
The therapeutic alliance is partnerships where both therapist and client are agree on shared goals and work together on tasks which conceivably will produce a positive result. This alliance is built on acceptance, empathy and trust. Other than completing education and professional training, personal characteristics also serve as an essential part to work with client. I believe that some of my personal characteristics are assisting me while some other parts of my personal characteristics also obstruct my ability to work effectively with client in a therapeutic relationship. Self-Awareness - I am aware of my own weaknesses and values so that I will not react defensively to what a client had disclosed to me.
However, I will then argue the utilitarian position is more persuasive. Finally I will give my personal opinion about why I value independence. The utilitarian advises parents to follow the principle of utility. For this case, the principle of utility says parents should optimize their children’s wellbeing. (Shafer-Landau, 119) Utilitarians would acknowledge the parents’ concerns that the disabled children may be harmed.
It is important to have experiences with other educators in the clinical setting, so each person has a different take on the students’ performance. The educator should also provide feedback to the student as to how he or she is progressing. I believe
Background of Problem Telemedicine is not just an advanced solution that improves treatment. It is also the fastest way to improve the quality of patient care and to reduce waiting time for consultations. It also facilitates communication within hospitals by providing inter-departmental consultations without having to move between departments as well as communications between hospitals. The development of telemedicine provides better and more efficient patient care and a chance for hospitals to optimize costs and modernize their current operations and crowding Emergency Department. Patients undergoing teleconsultation are more likely to have a quick diagnosis and treatment in case of complications.
For statistical purpose and in order to quantify pain ,the faces are assigned to numerical value .43Several variants of face scales 43 have been developed to measure children’s level of pain. Numerical rating scales use numbers (i.e. 0–5, 0–10, 0–100) to reflect increasing degrees of pain.They are argued to be appropriate for children because they do not employ sophisticated words or abstract numerical values. Psychometrics have generally been strong for these scales.Faces scales have been shown to correlate highly with other self-report indices (Spafford, von Baeyer, & Hicks, 2002), behavioral measures of pain (MacLaren& Cohen, 2005), and to be sensitive to analgesic and nonpharmacological interventions (Gold, Hyeon Kim, Kant, Joseph, & Rizzo, 2006; Spafford et al., 2002), to decrease during postprocedure (Paik &Ahn, 2002; Smith, Shah, Goldman, & Taddio,2007), and to vary depending on the pain stimulus (e.g., different immunizations; Wood et al.,
And what type of behavior prompts an evaluation?” As expected, both parties agreed to the necessity of psychoeducational testing in order to determine the student’s needs and instructional accommodations to allow for student success. However, the parties expressed slightly different views on the type of behaviors to prompt an evaluation. While Jennifer believes the psychoeducational testing is “primarily used for students with autism spectrum disorder” (J. Hodge, personal communication, August 28, 2015), and when the student exhibits aggressive, non-compliant behaviors that interfere with the student’s instructional progress, those behaviors warrant an assessment. However, Marisol conveyed when a student exhibits a “lack of interest, not growing academically, or incapable to adapt to changes in curriculum as easy as their peers” (M. Puterbaugh, personal communication, August 29, 2015), then the need for an evaluation or re-evaluation presents
With such an impact on educational achievement, it is important to find the most effective and beneficial interventions to aid students. Medication is one such intervention, however, there is major concern over its use and it is the reason for a major debate in the field of special education today. Proponent Viewpoints Medication for school-aged children is usually the first-line of defense when it comes to treating
I understand now how the developmental theories can introduce a clear understanding about the case conceptualization not only for the children, but also for the adults and the children 's future as well. As Adler-Tapia, R. (2012) stated that “The studies included here are about the overwhelming evidence that the earliest relationship not only has significant impact on the child health and development, but even the quality of the individuals future relationship” (p.39). As a future therapist, I need to look carefully to the child 's parent attachment dynamic to understand the child suffers and gain more information about the child which it could lead me to choose the right intervention. As Adler-Tapia, R. (2012) stated that “In psychotherapy, it is important for the therapist to assess the quality of the child 's attachment with parent. The parent 's attachment and trauma history will provide a great deal of information about the relationship between parent and child” (p. 49).