Did you know that more than 1.2 million Americans are living with HIV and AIDS? Among those 1.2 million people, African American homosexuals are the most affected by the virus. The Center for Disease Control estimates that about 1,218,400 persons ages 13 years and older are living with HIV and AIDS. Homosexual and Bisexual men are the most affected by the virus. With Caucasian males accounting for the largest number of HIV infections, African Americans experience the most severe burden of HIV compared to other races (HIV in the United States: At A Glance , 2015).
In the “Mis-Education of the Negro” (Woodson, C.G., 1933), Carter G. Woodson, the founder of the black history movement, argues that many of the black spiritual leaders of the church have led the people astray. He suggests that far too many pastors of institution of spiritual uplift are manipulating the people for their own self-centered gains. Moreover, that their interest is only to benefit themselves.
“[AIDS] is not a distant threat. It is a present danger.” It is important to recognize, focus and take immediate action in regards to AIDS to create a safer and more positive future. On August 19, during the 1992 Republican National Convention Address, Mary Fisher, the author of “A Whisper of AIDS,” stood in front of a huge crowd of audience, delivered an influential speech to raise awareness for the treacherous transmittable disease known as AIDS, and called America to take action. She first starts her speech with a request for the audience’s attention and respect.
In the article “Accessing Treatments: Managing the AIDS Epidemic in Ontario in Knowledge, Experience& Ruling Relations” by George W. Smith, the author pointed out how the ideology and social construction of common knowledge about AIDS influence the treatment for those patients negatively. Smith believed the general public and government have been lack of sufficient knowledge about AIDS, the AIDS patients and the government, the organization who providing the treatment are disconnected. There are still lots of people think AIDS is fatal illness disease and mainly caused by homosexuality. Smith thinks the lack of treatment for AIDS is basically due to the homophobia, labeling and prejudices formed by the public and mass media, and the government
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was still widely believed only minorities (including homosexuals and people of color) could be infected with the AIDS virus. Elizabeth Glaser makes it clear that race and sexuality have nothing to do with your risk of contracting AIDS. She also addresses the reality of America unfair against these minorities: “poor people, gay people, people of color”. Glaser uses parallel structure to emphasize that minorities are highly discriminated against in society and it needs to change. It also adds to the overall message that everyone is at risk for AIDS.
The status of homosexuals in America during the 1960s underwent a monumental change in the span of a decade, as a topic rarely discussed in the mainstream due to its status as a taboo in American society, deemed sinful and "aberrant", stretching all the way back from America 's puritanical root. In reality, the major victories homosexuals gained were not vast and opportunities for homosexuals were limited by discrimination without federal protection, yet was unique in the way this liberation movement sought to bring homosexuality to the public attention as normal, not as a deviant or "sinful" way of life, and permitted homosexuals, as a group, to express their homosexuality openly as a form of protest. This liberation movement for homosexuality would arise near the end of the 1960s as a surprise
In the reading by Peter Redman, he raises the argument that the ‘AIDS carrier” becomes the central representation of the HIV epidemic and how the representations of HIV cannot be narrowed down to one cause. In addition, the ‘AIDS carrier’ is represented as monster and the carrier spreads HIV from the deviant subpopulations to the mainstream. Also, AIDS has been connected to social and moral issues and singles out groups like gay men, black people, and young single women. These groups are then viewed as diseased subpopulations and that causes others to feel disgust and panic. The heterosexual men are then afraid to have physical or emotional contact with men in general and that’s why boundaries of heterosexual masculinity were produced.
From an early age the Christian religion has generally condemned homosexuality. As society progresses, so do the attitudes of many Christian denominations towards homosexuality. There have been numerous changes and movements regarding homosexuality in history that have helped with the progression of many Christian’s thoughts on homosexuals. There have been three major gay rights movements in history, the Homophile movement, Gay and Lesbian Liberation movement, and the LGBT movement. These three movements and the changes that occurred during them have helped change millions of people’s views on homosexuality in a positive way.
In the 1980s, during the apogee of the AIDS crisis, many conservatives came forward to blame homosexuals for the epidemic. For instance, according to Armstrong, Lam, and Chase, Kaposi’s sarcomas, alongside other diseases, composes a list of conditions that serves as a criterion for the diagnosis of AIDS. In fact, its relation to AIDS is so remarkable that it became a label; in a society that is divided by pre-conceived ideas of morality, it became a visual representation of HIV as punishment for homosexuality. However, in Angels in America: a Gay Fantasia on National Themes, Tony Kushner attributes a deeper meaning to the lesions caused by Kaposi’s sarcomas – from death sentence to change, and finally, to redemption. Through these lesions, the author symbolizes the paradox of AIDS in an American society that refuses to embrace minorities, and how its destructiveness has fortified the sense of community amongst homosexuals.
In the 1980’s when the AIDS virus was barely coming to light in New York City, it was crucial that the government and gay community worked together to bring national attention to the issue. The actions the government took had a significant impact on this matter. The government at that time took no responsibility in assisting in finding a solution, because this subject was considered unimportant. One must take into account the time period when all this was happening, it happened at a time where homosexuals were not fully accepted by society. Which made it even harder for the gay community to be taken seriously when they were trying to make a change.
This was a significant moment in our history, a time in which we have somewhat overcome. We have made extreme progress now since the 60s, making it more acceptable for homosexuals to live their lives in peace. Although, it has not been one hundred percent successful. Times have changed and it is no longer considered a dark age for homosexuals like it was back in the 60s. Homosexuals are sometimes still targeted, but more now by individuals rather than big groups of people and government officials.
“The story begins, like most, with a man coming to town. The man was Charles Loring Brace, and the town was New York City. In 1849, the young Presbyterian minister arrived on the wings of a vocation to evangelize the poor. “Mr. Brace had grandiose ideas of his goal on this earth.” “He intended to lead as many people as he could to a Christian lifestyle, and he thought he should start young—with young people—because he saw young, untended children as future criminals.”
The presentation by Dr. Mojola on HIV and the affect it has on the African women was outstanding. In Love, Money, and HIV, Dr. Mojola presents paradoxes and convincing arguments on the life of an African girl, and HIV. She explains thoroughly how employment, education, and wealth is the leading factor of life for the people in Africa. Many of the girls and women have to make the choices whether they choose education which could lead to employment, or find a lover at a young age and drop out of school because of money.