Although influential and powerful the reign of the Aztec Empire came to an end in the year 1519 when Hernan Cortés, the Spanish conquistador, invaded the Aztec Empire and destroyed much of their culture. While the Aztec empire was flourishing they practiced human sacrifice for flower wars, political reasons, and other ulterior motives. Historians
The Spanish forcefully took control of the empire and brutally murdered the emperor (Inca Empire - Google Sites). The Spanish arrived in 1532 on the conquest of Peru led by Francisco Pizarro in the city of Cajamarca and they were probably interested in the Inca empire due to it astonishing high economy (Inca Empire - Google Sites). The Spanish only came with 110 men and 67 horsemen and met with the Sapa Inca Atahualpa who thought that the meeting was peaceful and that the Spanish were showing their respect to him (The Fall of the Inca Empire). However, his belief was proven incorrect very quickly when he got captured for not swearing loyalty to the King of Spain and Pope and throwing the bible on the floor. The Spanish then went on to kill and capture Incan soldiers and Atahualpa probably realised then that the Spanish were after gold and silver and were not there for peace.
Sitting Bull was considered a great leader and helped shape the way we treat Indians today. Throughout the 1800s the U.S. Government fought against many Indian tribes because of the rich land that promised gold. Sitting Bull and many others “set aside their differences in the face of intolerable abuse by the U.S. Government” (www.californiaindianeducation.org). Sitting Bull fought in wars and united with other tribes to protect his land. Since Sitting Bull worked to preserve his land he allied with the other tribes to fight against the government.
A second reason why Portilla wrote this source was to help us understand the Aztec’s battle against the Spanish and their win from military conquest and disease that is represented from the native’s point of view. He wrote “Broken Spears” in order to shed light on the history between the Spaniards and the Indians. For example, in “Broken Spears” Portilla described the meeting between Motecuhzuma, the leader of the Aztecs, and Cortes, a Spanish conquistador. The entire purpose of “Broken Speakers” was to show the truth behind most successes of the world back then and show what caused most of the fallen Indian
Hernan Cortes significantly contributed to the Renaissance by giving Spain money/ spreading Spanish culture and power, and encouraging exploration. Cortes earned Spain money by conquering Central and South America. It was cruel and horrible for the people living in the area, but it gave artisans (craftsperson), merchants, and artists who supplied Spain with goods. Another achievement Cortes is credited with is, spreading the rule of Spain; he conquered the Aztecs (if he hadn’t they may still be in our society and our history would be completely different. ), Cortes also built New Mexico in the New World.
“Custer's Last Stand” was a victory for the Indian people, but as a result of their win, they brought a lot of attention to themselves which angered the American people. As a result, the US government treated the Native Americans more hostile, allowing John Gibbons to go and attack the Nez Perce Indians, didn’t follow through with their agreements dealing with land and took land away, and kept expanding westward while continuing to grow America East to West. Directly after new got out that the Indians had not only won the battle, but had slaughtered the American army, John Gibbons rounded up every available man and went after the Nez Perce Indians, whom he thought were the easiest and head of attack. Many innocent woman and children died on
President Polk then sent General Zachary Taylor to go check out the area. Mexico saw this as a violent gesture and promptly attacked the American troops. This resulted in war, in which America gained victory to most of the battles. Finally in 1849, the Mexicans gave the US the New Mexico and California area of land for fifteen million dollars and America paying for the damage they caused during the small war. This was just one of Polk's victories as president of the United States.
(Thomas, 2011, 240) In the filming of Columbus, gold is the essence that brings tragedy and conflict. First, Columbus offers gold to the natives as bribery in agreement to accept Christianity as their religion and the Spanish crown as ruler of the land. The natives accept the gold, perhaps not understanding what they had agreed, for which Hatuey speaks to the natives and warns them not to turn on their traditions. The conquistadors forcibly make the natives and their lands the property of the crown and the natives must pay taxes in the form of gold, thus proliferating the natives further as slave
The first Island Columbus landed on he named San Salvador (DWC 10.3 (“Christopher Columbus”). Columbus goes on to state that he, “took some of the natives by force, in order that they might learn and might give me information of whatever there is in these parts” (DWC 10.3 (“Christopher Columbus”). Columbus clearly states that he captured natives to get from them information as to where he could go that would be of benefit to him. Queen Isabel and King Ferdinand sent Columbus on this mission and the missions following his first to conquer. Land is power and unfortunately the native people had to suffer and die, because of the desire for power.
The Catholic beliefs that the Spanish brought with them to the New World, along with the Aztec religions and prophecies that talked about a returning god named Quetzalcoatl, can be argued to have played the most important part in the downfall of the native empires. On one hand, it is widely believed that the Aztecs came to identify the Spaniards, and in particular Cortés, with this returning deity from their prophecies, and consequently knew that, even if they fought, they would lose the battle against him. Of whether this is completely true or not, we cannot be sure - another possibility is that, after the conquest, the remaining natives took to this explanation to make some sense of their incredible defeat. On the other hand, as Cortés explains this Aztec belief to the Charles V, he might have been twisting some aspects of the story and ideally positioning himself as the returning deity that arrived to conquer and guide a lost people, likening the conquest to the second coming of Christ described in the New Testament’s Book of Revelation. All of these rhetoric strategies and techniques ultimately served to help Cortés, who received the royal support he needed while achieving to be recognized as a hero and not a traitor to Spain.
So with the tactic, Guile and surprise, which was used with great effect against the Americans, the natives had to find a solution to this Spanish strategy. So, the Aztecs soon became aware of the ways that the Europeans fought, and this almost led to their victory. This, near destruction of the Spanish was not only from the pure initiative of the Aztecs and predictability of the Spanish but also from the massive numbers, especially the Incans, had over the Spanish “ If twenty-five thousand indians perished for every spaniard, his men would still be destroyed” - Cortes (page 171, 1969, the conquistadors, George Rainbird). All the Aztec and Incan warriors were familiar with the land, giving them the advantage of the land “ Which ever figure is correct, it’s terraces and it’s single stairway of 114 steps made it a natural fortress” (page 171, 1969, The Conquistadors, george rainbird). They were familiarised with the land because of this guaranteed enrollment of every man being in the army, these born warriors were brought up as a young boy to fight and die for his people giving the Americas the training and natural ability to fight.
They’re strong warriors that would fight against the Spanish conquest; however their civilization had been in decline before the start of the Spanish arrival. There Mayan Empire was already crumbling and divided which made it easier for the Spanish conquest to take over the Mayan territories. I believe that the Spanish conquest was quite effective because they achieve their goal of establishing territorial gains. The Spanish also demolished one of earliest civilization in history. In the book it mentions that the Maya knew not to go against the Spanish Masters because their military was much stronger than the Mayan warriors.
Montazuma the second was possibly one of the most important people in the entire history of The Aztec history. This is because he was the king/emperor when the Spanish concurs concurred the Aztec empire. He was born in 1466 and died in 29 of June 1520. According to one of the sources I used Montazuma was killed by the citizens of Tenochtitlan using rocks and spears because Cortez and his men forced Montazuma to admit defeat to his people. Letting the Spanish in to Tenochtitlan and showing weeknes was a horrible decision because the Spanish concurs saw this and used it against him.
While many worldviews exist, The fall of the Aztec empire was unavoidable.The Aztec’s were a group of people who were very religious and lived in Mexico for hundreds of years but one day a group of Spanish people arrived and executed all of the Aztec people. Many of them died from diseases the spanish brought with them like small pox. The others were killed by the spanish and some were taken to spain as slaves. This was led by an explorer named Hernan Cortes. The first reason that the shows extinction of the Aztec race was unavoidable was because of the diseases like smallpox that the Spanish brought with them.
The actions of the Spanish in South America were mostly war. But the Spanish did not win through force, they won through trickery. Take for example Hernan Cortes, he won the battle for what is now Mexico City, by first staying in the enemy’s city, and then killing their leader, retreating, and then cutting off the water and food supply of the Aztecs, waiting for their surrender. Then there was the conquest led by Francisco Pizarro, who also won his battle with “trickery”, though his is more of a confusion. His enemy was already weakened after some civil-wars, and he decided to take the enemy while they were surprised.