Later in history, other key factors were responsible for maintaining these inequities. One example of this is "the color line." The color line refers to policies that were implemented with the purpose of segregating African Americans following emancipation. The color line refers to the reservation of desirable employment opportunities for white individuals (Rogers, 2011). Enforced restrictions such as the color line kept minorities in poverty, and with little to no financial assistance, people of color were often left hopeless.
In the North, blacks encountered de facto segregation, racism, and discrimination in housing and public services; nevertheless, they were able to vote and had better job opportunities. In the South, blacks were disfranchised, lived under a segregationist regime enforced by violence, and found fewer avenues for escape from crushing poverty"(Leuchtenburg, William). Because of all this Roosevelt felt bad for the African Americans and therefore he wanted to help all of them. since he offered to help them, they began to trust him and believe in him, that he can get their rights. Roosevelt never thought it was right for the African Americans to get treated the way they did.
In the 19th century, slavery and the Reconstruction was a sore subject for the South. Reconstruction forged civil rights for African-Americans, but once the North’s influenced waned in the South, the South terrorized African-Americans and blocked them from accessing their newfound rights. While Reconstruction may have brought civil rights, those rights were quickly squashed by the South’s racism. Even after certain freedoms were securely gained, every new attempt to make African-Americans equal to the white populace was contested. A large group of people were happy to see slavery ended and civil rights rise.
But after the war things began to get good for African American, and the south thought they needed to do something, after war, which severely limited the rights of black and segregated African American from White American. The Southern legislatures former confederates passed the laws known as the Black Codes. Black Codes are, in United States the Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans ' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt. And during The Racial Segregation in America, things was getting good for White American.
They were just ready to acquire these employments in any case in light of the fact that they didn 't get a legitimate instruction. The instruction in these urban ranges is below average on the grounds that numerous educators decline to work in such conditions. Since instructors decline to work there and in light of the fact that the schools aren 't flourishing, the administration chooses to reserve them less. From this, the feeling of "scapegoating a minority" was conceived. Along these lines, it can be depicted that from conception, if one is an African-American, living in a poor urban neighborhood, you are set up for disappointment.
It is discussed that the lives of black American did not improve significantly as racism was entrenched in governments and white Americans, especially southerners. Although amendments and acts sought out to better the lives of black Americans, it did not mean they were immediately treated as equal and given rights. Black Americans had a very difficult life post-Civil War as the rest of America was not prepared to stop depriving them of their civil rights as it was beneficial to them to have black Americans kept under oppression. The abolition of slavery cost slave owners over $2 billion in property only. This severely impacted the economy as it was in crisis and white slave owners did not have any slaves to serve them on plantations.
The history of the blacks is neglected in African-Americans classrooms, resulting in the development of an inferior feeling among the blacks. In chapter two of the book, Woodson states that education in American schools drifted from the truth when it started conditioning the blacks to admire the Greeks, British, and Romans. Consequently, the African-Americans developed a belief that they have a lower intellectual ability. The mindset is still present in the contemporary United States. For instance, business started by the black people are not well received in the locality they intend to serve.
In the early 1800’s slavery was a huge issue in the south. Some people are important to our nation’s history because of their efforts to abolish slavery. Nat Turner was one of those people who did something to stand up to slavery. He was a black man who formed an army that consisted of slaves, led a rebellion against slave owners, and started revolution. Nat Turner formed his army by enlisting slaves who were fed up with the white people.
They say without this right people can or will be easily ignored or the worst part abused by their own government and this is what exactly happened to African American citizens that were left living in the South following Civil War Reconstruction Era. Clearly despite the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth amendments that guaranteed the civil rights of African Americans to their right to vote was thoroughly taken away from them by white racist state governments. If a African American citizen was even attempting to exercise his or her right to vote they would often be threatened with losing their job, threats of being abused and actually being verbally abused from a white’s and the white voting clerks which also helped prevented black Southerners from voting out of fear. For those who were not afraid to lose their job or other things all other things that racist white did to them failed, it lead to maybe mob violence and even lynching among other things ended up keeping blacks people away from the voting ballot boxes. Since they did not have the power of the ballot the African Americans in the South had little to no type of influence in their communities.
Rosa Parks The Civil Right Movement was the African-American way of fighting for equality to the whites and it was supposed to be a nonviolent way to protest. Khan academy stated that “After the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments established a legal foundation for the political equality of African Americans. Despite the abolition of slavery and legal gains for African Americans, racial segregation known as Jim Crow arose in the South”. Jim Crow law meant that African American could not be at the same place as the white people. Even after slavery was over people of colored were still being treated unequal to the white people, they did not have the same benefits and rights that the white people had.