The Compromise of 1877 was a corrupt agreement between three powerful southern states and Rutherford B. Hayes that led to him being elected President and the stripping away from African American rights. After the Civil War, “Lives of black slaves had improved greatly and there was hope for emancipation of slaves in those states. However, The Compromise of 1877 took away all hope for slaves.” (Source 8) This “compromise” made slaves’ lives even more difficult than it was before.
Olaudah Equiano and William Wilberforce From 1807 in Britain to 1865 in the United States the process and finalization of the abolishing of slavery began with Olaudah Equiano and William Wilberforce. Born in Igbo land, also known as Southeastern Nigeria, in 1745 Olaudah Equiano had no idea that his future would be filled with separation from his family, being bought and sold, and forced labor. Olaudah Equiano was around 12 years old when he was kidnapped and sold into slavery he first arrived in England from Igbo land.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave portrays the mounting tensions of the slaves on Frederick Douglass’s
There were many different varieties of abolitionism during the nineteenth century. For many years, the only disapproval of slavery came from the Quakers, free blacks and slave. Most white Americans that wanted to abolish slavery also supported the deportation of freed slaves to the Central America, the Caribbean or Africa. In 1816, supporters created the American Colonization Society, this organization encouraged the slow abolishment of slavery and the colonization black in Americans in Africa. They later created Liberia on the coast of West Africa, where some free blacks did leave to.
There was a lot of rebellions against the slavery process. The south was terrified because of the slaveholders. The main slaveholder was Nat Turner and he had 75 black people and 60 white people and he got that in two days so the other slaveholders were terrified. They finally hated Turners Rebellion. He said he didn’t discipline them and then they figured out he did.
Slavery as a Positive Good Slavery in the south had grown in the early 1800’s. Importation of slaves had been outlawed since 1808 thus requiring the future of the trade to be a domestic issue . Since all slaves would now be born in the United States, there came a question of what to do? Slaves were obviously unable to fend for themselves as they were less than human. It became clear that the slave owners were, in fact, doing their slaves a favor.
Slavery is known to exist as early as the 18th century BCE in china. About 5% of blacks were enslaved. This continued down to the 20th century. A 3rd to half of the population was enslaved in korea. The importation of slaves was nationally prohibited in 1808, although illegal smuggling was not usual.
For many years racism and colonialism have been the reality of the world. Both were used to advance the idea that one race was superior to another, the blacks being inferior to the whites. The Atlantic Slave trade headed the notion of colonialism, the whites believed it was their duty to civilize the blacks as they were seen as ‘untamed beasts’ that needed to be colonized. This resulted in a number of whites exploiting the blacks to gain wealth whilst, the blacks lost everything (families, identities and even their lives). The whites were skilled at manipulating to the point that some blacks believed their views as they often found ways to justify their actions.
By 1750, slavery was established as a legal institution in all of the 13 colonies and contributed to almost five percent of the England 's revenues. The enslavement of humans and the denial of basic human rights to slaves has been the basis of several wars such as the Haitian revolution, the American Civil War and numerous slave rebellions in America. The main reason behind the American Civil War was, indeed, slavery. The Republican Party in America was determined to end slavery, whereas many leaders in the Southern states wanted slavery to continue or they threatened to secede from the Union.
At the same time the percentage of slaveries went up to 90 percent of black Africans. When they tried to calculate the amount of people in the country, they argued if the blacks should be counted, they weren’t count as a full human after all ( the law haven’t accept them as a full human yet). At the end of Civil War, northern union army had promised to free the slaves who fought against the southern army. But they never fulfilled their promise, and the land were returned to the white plantation owners. The blacks had no choice but to work for their former masters, they became farm laborers.
When people talk about slavery they more or less tend to label the good ones who were against slavery into the North and then the monsters as being the Southerners. Stowe showed the readers that this isn’t true, and that you can’t just point and blame that easily. Through Tom’s owners, Mr. Shelby and St. Clare, Stowe showed us the reality of kindness that some Southern slave owners possessed. Both of these slave owners believed it wrong to harm their slaves and to treat them with any type of cruelty. St. Clare tended to share his opinions on slavery, and Stowe used this character to show how many Southerners thought slavery to be an act of iniquity, but were too stubborn to try and change the ways of their society.
Randall states “He believed that all men and women had been created equal and he considered blacks as MEN--he had capitalized the word in the clause in the Declaration of Independence that had been stricken by the Second Continental Congress” (592). Jefferson’s slave clause was only defeated by one vote, and according to Allison he wanted slaves gone by 1800 (114). Aaron Schwabach who wrote “Thomas Jefferson, Slavery, Slaves.” said that by January 1, 1808 all states with except for South Carolina, slaves became illegal. Jefferson did not take the changes well, he became disappointed by the slavery part getting turned down (277). Jefferson also states that it is the King’s fault for the slave trade going on for seven years, he is the one who started it, he blames him (Randall 212).
Rare exceptions to this mentality included William Lloyd Garrison, who wrote the abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, expressing views similar to the black abolitionists (Berlin 208). Black abolitionists pursued full equality and freedom. While most white abolitionists concentrated on abolishing slavery, black abolitionists combined antislavery demands with appeals for racial equality and justice (Web). Violence did erupt confirming the white abolitionists worst fears in rebellions such as Nat Turner’s, one of the most violent slave uprising in the south (Oates 192). As such, reforms sought by blacks came slowly and not without setbacks.
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
To counter the 13th amendment southern states passed a series of laws called the black codes. They had the intent to restrict African American’s freedom. They made african americans compelled to work labor based jobs in the economy. They only received low wages or were only doing it to pay off debt.