She took his last name, and changed her first name to Harriet in honor of her mother. In 1849, she was scared that she and other slaves were going to be sold because her slave master was ill. Harriet Tubman planned to run away, and set out one night with the assistance from a white woman. She finally reached Pennsylvania where she found a job and saved money for herself. The following year she returned to Maryland to get her sister, and her sister’s children so they could experience freedom as well. Not long after, she made a second trip back to the south to get her brother and two other unknown men.
HARRIET TUBMAN Harriet Tubman was born into slavery in Dorchester County, Maryland in 1822. Tubman was born to slave parents, Harriet "Rit" Green and Ben Ross Tubman. Her name given at birth was Araminta "Minty" Ross. Tubman 's mother was assigned to "the big house" and had very little time for her family; unfortunately, as a child Tubman was responsible for taking care of her younger brother and baby, as was typical in large families. When she was five or six years old, Brodess hired her out as a nursemaid to a woman named "Miss Susan".
It is unknown the year in which she was born because of her birth into slavery. She was one of nine siblings, four brothers and four sisters. When her mother passed away, Araminto changed her name to her mother’s, Harriet. Her master hired her out as a nursemaid for a baby when she was a young girl. Young and innocent, Tubman witnessed many whippings, beatings, and mistreatment to her fellow slaves as a child.
Tubman started off freeing her family before expanding onto strangers. In 1850, she began her reputation as a liberator. She saved her niece, Kessiah, and her two children from sale in Baltimore. A few short months later, Tubman returned to free her youngest brother (Gates 823). By doing so, this was the start of great adventures and acts of bravery brought forth by Harriet Tubman.
Sarah Grimke was the first woman to speak out against slavery and the equality of men and women. Due to her experience of seeing the horrible situations that the slaves experienced made Sarah Gimke favore the eradication of slavery and thus become a very strong feminist. She was one of the first women to speak up/out against slavery and how cruel it was. Sarah Gimke was also one of the first women to bring attention to the inequality of men and women and how that should be reassessed. Biography 2:
She agreed to writing her story to expose the wretched life African American female slaves endured. There are many male perspectives of woman slaves, but they are only an outsiders view. In order to fully understand the barbarities female slaves underwent, Jacobs recreated herself and her story in Incidents
Anna Arnold Hedgeman’s legacy has served as a platform for many African-American women battling the obstacles of sexism, racism, and diverse forms of oppression. She resisted the social calamities common to Blacks nearing the end of the formal period of Reconstruction and endured the torments of Jim Crow. Hedgeman’s resistance to the social and racial persecution manifested in her protesting against the system that worked against the people of color. She used her education along with her influence to end the maltreatment of Blacks. According to the American National Biography Online, Hedgeman became the executive secretary of the National Council for a Permanent Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC).
While height was fighting for social reforms for both genders she was mainly focused on reforms for African American women. She advocated for things like freedom of choice for women and for better living along with working conditions for women and men. The life and accomplishments of height and how she fought for the escape from racial and sexual discrimination, and is not mentioned in history classes today, shows how inherently harder it is for women to fight for justice during the civil rights movement. Women activist, like Height have had to fight a two-front war, one being that of racism and the other being that of sexism. The fight for justice has always been different for men and women.
Undoubtedly, Harriet Tubman was the most influential abolitionist of the early to mid-1800s. Born a slave in 1820, Tubman escaped her plantation in 1849, and returned 19 times to rescue over 300 enslaved people. Tubman was called “Black Moses” because she, like Moses of the Old Testament, led her people out of persecution and into freedom. She had narcolepsy (a mental disorder that causes one to fall asleep randomly) but still served as a nurse, a scout, and a spy for the Union during the Civil War. Firstly, Tubman took the risk of returning to her old plantation 19 times to rescue upwards of 300 slaves, and didn’t lose a single one in the process.
As miserable as it is to be a slave in the South, being a black women worsens the condition. The role of a black women in both the Union and the Confederacy have always been portrayed and elaborated on the orthodox that black women are meant for manual labor, for being tools and for assisting men. However, black women in the South are treated much harsher of course. Majority of black women enslaved were vulnerable to rape, physical abuse and having their families taken away. While the Confederacy took black male slaves into the camp, black women were left to care for their children themselves while managing their plantations and other labor.