Historic trauma stems from relocation, disease, residential schools, the Indian Act, and racial policies meant to assimilate and eradicate Aboriginal people (First Nations Health Council, 2011). Contact between Aboriginal Peoples and non-Aboriginals facilitated the spread of epidemic diseases which lead to the Aboriginal population collapse (First Nations Health Council, 2011). Daschuk, Hackett and MacNeil (2006) note that different severities of diseases experienced by First Nations were directly related to the new realities of the First Nations peoples as they struggled to adapt to the world of the colonisers including economic dislocation, political changes, and changes from traditional diets all created the perfect environment for breading diseases. The government and churches actively colonized and controlled Aboriginal peoples by eroding all Aboriginal systems including “spirituality, political authority, education, health care systems, land and resource access, and cultural practices” (First Nations Health Council, 2011, p. 13). It is important to recognize that colonial structures have purposely sought to “eliminate Indigenous sovereignty, Indigenous governments and Indigenous constitutional orders” (Ladner, 2009, p. 90).
Indians have been living in misery for centuries now, in reservations drowned in problems like alcoholism, drugs, and illiteracy. The white government has made inumerous attempts to try to assimilate them into the US mainstream population. The effects felt by the Indian reservations due to the negative consequences of white actions are unimaginably devastating. Native Americans have to rely on the government in order to survive, and sometimes that 's still not enough. Their lives have been shaped by the government so much that the effects of the past actions made by the whites have become substantially irreversible, forcing the Native American population to suffer and make sacrificing choices in order to live in the present world.
Those who married Canadian men would be given full Canadian status and all the benefits it decreed; this meant, in 1930 when women were granted the right to vote and own property they could do so. However, Aboriginal women who married Aboriginal men were granted Aboriginal status with rights only on the Reserves. These women were considered non-persons and could not vote or own property in Canada. According to the Indian Act women were defined as Indians if their father or husband were Indian, however, were not considered Indian if their mothers were Aboriginal. This is a significant distinction because many Aboriginal tribes are matrilineal and define lineage through the mother not the father.
Health Canada reported in 2001–2002 that the main sources of death among the First Nations groups were outer reasons (unplanned harming, vehicle mishaps, and purposeful self-hurt), illnesses of the circulatory framework (hypertension, cardiovascular sickness), and neoplasms (different sorts of cancer). Aboriginal people groups in Canada have
When debating the topic of sexism in medical practices and the diagnosis of Polycystic Ovarian syndrome it is imperative to get the viewpoint of multiple sides. Richard Levinson’s Sexism in medicine (1976) explores a wide variety of example of the ingrained sexism in medical practices throughout history. From psychiatry to physical medication, Sexism in medicine (Levinson, 1976) investigates some of the most common practices in medicine and explains how these are rooted in sexist history. In comparison, Des Spence’s From the front line: bad medicine: polycystic ovarian syndrome (2010) reviews the idea that doctors are using reproductive disorder diagnoses, in particular polycystic ovarian syndrome, to further oppress women today in the medical
In Maria Yellow Horse Brave Heart et al’s argument is that Indigenous Peoples have gone through a history of oppression and racism that has led to the formation of collective trauma across generations, and that there needs to be efforts to fix it. They state how this trauma causes depression and unresolved grief, and how American Indians “rank higher in health disparities than any other racial or ethnic group in the United States” (Brave Heart et al 282). They provide evidence for this by quoting Whitbeck’s research on the symptoms
Her writing style is at times over-stated and intellectualized instead of communicative, but she has managed to draw on examples to vividly illustrate her points. Many of her examples and explanations capture how institutionalized racism is compelling and disturbing in photographs. For instance, she discusses how photographs are being used to promote colonialism and subjugating Aboriginal peoples in Canada. 6 (313) As noted, the primary examples used in her article are images of Aboriginal people around Canada from the Chippewas figures at a gravesite, to the chief of the Eagle clan, and Aboriginal patients in the Charles Camsell Indian Hospital. She focused around the notion of Canadian culture as a social identity.
In “Applying Intersectionality & Complexity Theory to Address the Social Determinants of Women’s Health,” McGibbon & McPherson detail studies on social determinants on health to explain how feminist intersectionality theory can be used in addition to complexity theory in public health. In “The Problem with the Phrase Women and Minorities: Intersectionality- an Important Theoretical Framework for Public Health,” Bowleg problematizes rhetoric and practices in the public health field. She draws upon similarities between intersectionality and critical race theory to argue that intersectionality is a natural fit for the public health realm. Both Bowleg and McGibbon & McPherson explore the need to include intersectionality in the field of public
Social determinants of health and human development are influenced by the “quality and quantity of a variety of resources that a society makes available to its members, which can range from housing, education, and employment opportunities to the accessibility and quality of life” (YWCA Canada). When socio-economic challenges (poverty, unemployment, discrimination and racism) exist, human development is limited (Amnesty.ca). Limited educational opportunities, insufficient social services, lackadaisical attitudes of the government towards the wellbeing of Aboriginal women often place them in vulnerable positions for domestic abuse and homelessness (Donna, Jessie, Susan, Buffy,
Indigenous peoples of Canada have been considered inferior to all other citizens, and have been abused and neglected through European history, and can be seen as a form of genocide. In Canadian residential schools, children were removed from the home, sexually assaulted, beaten, deprived of basic human necessities, and over 3 500 women and girls were sterilized, and this went on well into the 1980 's (Nicoll 2015). The dehumanization of Indigenous peoples over the generations has left a significant impact on society today; the generational trauma has left many Indigenous peoples heavily dependent of drugs and alcohol, and the vulnerability of Indigenous women has led to extremely high rates of violent crime towards these women. A report that
My reaction: While working through this sections reading, videos, and other material, I felt ill to my stomach thinking about how Native American women are suffering so greatly. Their culture and beliefs were stolen away from them by colonization, which lead to a plethora of other problems such as violence and a loss of say in their culture. My Analysis: The Native American culture was a mostly egalitarian society before colonization took place.
The impact of ethnic inequality has been detrimental to indigenous Australians, with the consequences of internal colonialism still affecting them today (text). Loss of language and Dreamtime stories have meant that they have had to rebuild their identity and break free from British oppression by banding together to create stronger communities. Indigenous Australians who live in rural areas of Australia have fewer opportunities when it comes to education, employment, healthcare and housing (text pg. 350). These issues can be once again linked back to the systems that are in place within the country, the way the government approaches these issues in regards to indigenous welfare is problematic. In 2015, the Abbott government supported the decision
For many, the question of whether Canada’s vast multiculturalism is beneficial or hindering remains unanswered and unresolved. From its adoption on October 7 1971, multiculturalism was intended to preserve the cultural freedom of all individuals and to provide recognition of the cultural contributions of diverse ethnic groups to Canadian society. Despite multiculturalism being one of Canada’s defining qualities, opinions upon the subject are difficult to form due the unawareness of Canadian citizens and global population. Although the welfare of this outlining characteristic is experienced day by day in the functioning of the country, little to no recognition are given to these advantages. By embracing the variety of cultures within Canada,