UNIT ONE: AUSTRALIA POST 1945 CONTEMPORARY ABORIGINAL SPIRITUALITIES • Aboriginal spiritualty as determined by the Dreaming The Dreaming: - The Dreaming is the root of Aboriginal spirituality and is important to every Aboriginal culture and societies. -
Richard Wagamese brings to light the troubles of aboriginals living in Northern Canada in his book Indian Horse. Wagamese demonstrates the maltreatment aboriginals have faced at the hands of the Zhaunagush and their residential schools. The disgusting truth of the treatment of aboriginals in Canada is shown through recovering alcoholic, Saul Indian Horse, who recounts his life from the time he lived in the bush with his native family, the Anishinabeg, to the the time he checked into The New Dawn Treatment Centre. Seen through Saul’s eyes, the Canadian government captures and transports native children to residential schools. Not only are these children stripped from their native way of life, they are placed in an environment that eerily resembles an internment camp.
Driven by the belief that space was bequeathed to them, the Native Americans feel justified in defending their land against the growing encroachment of the white man as the American landscape unfolds. Their motive is the premise that a higher authority has granted them the right to the space, and that the Great Spirit has created the landscape exclusively for them. Fueled by the formation of conflict over land, the Great Ottawa Chief, Pontiac, in his speech at Detroit, seeks to persuade the tribes, including the Ottawa, Huron, and Pottawatomi to agree to resistance. Invoking the words of the Delaware prophet, Neolin, Pontiac recounts the vision which he believes justifies resistance. Neolin urges the tribes to sever all relations to the customs
THREE DAY ROAD The two most vital characters in the novel “Three Day Road” by Joseph Boyden is the Xavier Bird and Elijah Weesageechack and they have several major differences and these differences has been told and tested throughout the whole novel that how Xavier was reserved and visceral while Elijah was self-assured and talkative. Xavier was nurtured by his Aunt Niska for the long span of his childhood, opposed to how Elijah was raised in Moose Factory by nuns at a residential school. This came up as the three key differences between them that are paramount to the story and the themes of the novel are; firstly, their respect for their Oji-Cree culture, secondly their respect and love for human life, and lastly their personalities.
To start, Native American spirituality followers don’t take their practices as a religion like other religions, but their beliefs play an important role of themselves. Native American beliefs are deeply rooted in their culture. They believe everything surrounding them is holy, from the largest mountain, to the smallest organism. Also, Native Americans believe that a lesson can be found in all things and everything has a purpose. To sum up the main focus of their Spirituality, it is all about honor, true love, and respect.
From a grandpa’s last steps to a baby’s first steps, circularity can be seen in the all phases of life. The Grandpa’s last steps were taken through wisdom, while the baby’s steps were taken with the ignorance and innocence of a child. While circularity may be considered cut and dry, one’s experience or inexperience is essential to their roles in the circle of circularity. Siddhartha would have never truly achieved enlightenment without his experience with circularity throughout his search for Nirvana. Siddhartha experienced circularity through his relationships with his father and own son, During his journey with Vasudeva through the River and eventually returning to listen to the river, also Siddhartha having to feel ruin before being able to feel genuine
His song becomes a medicine to Lulu. It is also a healer to Fleur. His songs are a link between the physical and metaphysical in the Chippewa culture. It is established through the medium of language. In Basil Johnson’s opinion about Chippewa songs:
In order to develop a child’s identity in accordance with both the EYLF and an Aboriginal perspective whilst also supporting children’s awareness of Aboriginal cultures and practices through a curriculum that supports children in learning about the land, earth, plants and animals, it is also important how we as educators will support this knowledge to grow (McKnight, et al., 2010). According to Harrison (2010), Aboriginal history plays a key role not only with Aboriginal children but also with non-Aboriginal children and the importance that everyone should learn about the importance of Aboriginal history. As well as educators developing a curriculum that incorporates the Aboriginal community in their area so as to include local histories, local
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the descendants of the pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Americas. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec, The Guianas, and the English-speaking Caribbean. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders have the oldest surviving cultural history in the world, going back 50,000 – 65,000 years. The aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders were hunter – gatherers who were well adapted to the land and the environment. Within these indigenous cultures there were hundreds of different languages spoken, therefore each indigenous culture had their own significant cultural and spiritual identity. The British first arrived in Australia in 1770, and labelled the land as ‘Terra Nullius’ (no man’s land). Between 1788 – 1900, it is estimated that the indigenous population of Australia was reduced by 90% due to the introduction of new disease, settler acquisition of indigenous lands, direct and violent conflict with the colonisers (Australians Together, 2016).
Critical Summary #3: First Nations Perspectives In Chapter eight of Byron Williston’s Environmental Ethics for Canadians First Nation’s perspectives are explored. The case study titled “Language, Land and the Residential Schools” begins by speaking of a public apology from former Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper. He apologizes for the treatment of “Indians” in “Indian Residential Schools”. He highlights the initial agenda of these schools as he says that the “school system [was] to remove and isolate [Aboriginal] children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them[…]” (Williston 244).