Lincoln’s political religion grounds itself in the American principle of equality. His political religion was necessary to bind the nation together in a time of dire need. The nation stood divided. One side believed it was their natural right to reap the fruits of another man’s labor, which denied his natural rights as well as his humanity, while the other side disagreed, affirming the humanity of the slaves and remained free. Lincoln pushed to change public sentiment in regard to slavery.
This paper critically examines the Emancipation Proclamation and contemplates its effect through the cases of Plessey v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education and questions whether President Lincoln’s motive of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation was a pure moral objection to slavery. Although the Proclamation is and forever will be a progressive and positive development in American history given the abolition of slavery; I believe that the intention of issuing it was to do more with the defeating the rising Southern military rather than ending slavery due to moral reasons as hugely believed. After the Southern states ultimately withdrew from the Union, he made it clear that the United States Army was fighting to put the Union back together. President Lincoln restated this motivation in the Proclamation itself, describing it as "a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing the rebellion (of the Southern states)." The goal was to force the South to return to the Union, as they were being stripped of their labor force without which survival would become difficult for the Southerners.
President Lincoln developed a reconstruction plan called the “Ten Percent Plan”. This reconstruction plan offered general amnesty to former confederate supporters and to former confederates if they took an oath in which pledged allegiance to the Union and accepted the end of slavery. Also, after ten percent of a state’s voting population had taken that oath, the state could then set up its new government. After those requirements were completed, and the state outlawed slavery, the state could then be readmitted to the Union. The president felt that only some African Americans deserved the right to vote, with that he decided that only black men who served in the Union army, owned property, or could read would be allowed
However, not everyone was as successful as they hoped to be. When the reconstruction period began after the Civil War the Republican set into motion their own plans, restoring rebellious states into the Union and finding a place in society for free slaves. However, there were two major problems standing in their way, the ex-Confederates and President Andrew Johnson. The ex-Confederates were causing trouble by starting riots and trying take political action against freed African Americans, such as during the Memphis Riot in 1866. Johnson, being a Democrat, allied himself with the ex-Confederates because he shared the same beliefs as them regarding freed slaves.
The process of rebuilding the South after the Civil War was a period called Reconstruction. Physical damage to people and places needed to be repaired. Former slaves needed help building free lives and securing their rights. Enemies needed to be reconciled, and a broken Union needed political repair. President Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan was intended to quickly readmit Southern states back into the Union without malice.
Delivered on March 4, 1865, Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address put forth a plan for reconstruction, to “bind up the nation’s wounds” after the effects of the Civil War (“Second Inauguration”). Lincoln’s address manly consisted of two important topics, the “true cause of the war and its ultimate meaning” (“Second Inauguration”). Lincoln believed that God gave the nation “the problem of slavery to solve,” and it just so happens that the war would fix that problem; but because slavery was the true cause
RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT FOR MILITARY HISTORY 114: THE AMERICAN MILITARY SYSTEM (UNION DURING THE CIVIL WAR) Appendix A: Bibliography INTRODUCTION 1. One could define the term Military System as “an assemblage or combination of things that belongs or relates to the establishment of a nation and here armed forces”. 2. The development and integration of the Military System, by Abraham Lincoln, played a major role in winning the war for the Union during the Civil War. The introduction of the Chief-of-Staff and General-in-chief of the Amy resulted in an efficient method in practice for command and control of the Union Forces[1:218].
Several courts were in favor of declaring the slaves on trial as free men, demonstrated in, but not limited to, the rulings from the following cases: Prigg v. Penn, United States v. The Amistad, Commonwealth of Massachusetts v. Nathaniel Jennison, and Dred Scott v. Sanford, although the Dred Scott Decision occurred out of the time period. (Document B) Furthermore, William Lloyd Garrison was a member and part-time leader of the American Anti-Slavery Society as well as the founder of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator. The Liberator was one of Garrison’s most successful contributions to the abolitionist movement, and it helped him succeed in becoming a well-known abolitionist. Similar to The Liberator was The North Star, another abolitionist newspaper established this time by Frederick Douglass, a slave who had escaped into freedom. Both papers had one and the same goal in mind: to increase Americans’ awareness of the cruel institution of slavery and to inform as many people as possible of abolition movements and how to support the abolishment of slavery.
The Democrats endorsed the “popular sovereignty” approach to slavery expansion that was used in the Kansas-Nebraska act. Their platform stated that new territories should decide themselves whether to be slave or free by popular vote; however, anti-slavery northerners feared that this result in the expansion of slavery further westward, a major fear of the Republican party. The Republican
“If abolitionists did not cause the Civil War, they shaped its meaning.” (4) It was indeed a war of two distinct societies since the country was fragmented into two: the abolitionists versus slave owners. Perhaps it was the greater calling for justice that many in the North wanted to fight, if not for the glory of war itself. Although this maybe the case for many white Americans, it can be said with some level of assurance that African Americans were not fighting because they wanted their names in history books, but because they shared a kinship and a bond wrought by common suffering with their brethren in the South. The war, however, infused the masses with a deep sense of patriotism that the abolitionist movement at times lacked ("Recruits rushed to enlist, expecting a short, glorious war." page