Abraham Maslow Theory

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1- Motivation according to Maslow theory
Abraham Maslow had developed the hierarchy of needs model in 1940-50’s USA, and till then the hierarchy of needs theory remains valid today for understanding human motivation, management training, and personal development.
Abraham Maslow 's theory of motivation asserts that humans are motivated by a hierarchy of needs. They act to fulfill basic survival needs before addressing more advanced needs or wants. This hierarchy is shaped like a pyramid, with the lower levels occupied by physical, physiological needs such as food, water and shelter. Self-actualization is at the peak of the pyramid of needs. (What is the Maslow theory of motivation?, n.d.)

2- Flow of thought
The essay is based on Maslow’s
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Self-Actualization needs
The last stage you will need to recall for the social work exam of Maslow’s main five Hierarchy Pyramid is Self-Actualization. Being a Humanist, Maslow believes that humans strive to reach their fullest potential. People who look for wisdom and personal growth have mastered the other stages of this hierarchy, and are fully functional. Examples of self-actualization needs are full-fillment which includes spirituality. (LINT, 2011)
Characteristics of self-actualized people.
Although we are all, theoretically, capable of self-actualizing, most of us will not do so, or only to a limited degree. Maslow (1970) estimated that only two percent of people would reach the state of self-actualization. He was especially interested in the characteristics of people whom he considered to have achieved their potential as individuals.
By studying 18 people he considered to be self-actualized (including Abraham Lincoln and Albert Einstein) Maslow (1970) identified few characteristics of a self-actualized person.
Characteristics of self-actualizers:
1. They perceive reality efficiently and can tolerate
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(McLeod, 2007)
The characteristics of self-actualizers and the behaviors leading to self-actualization are shown in the list above. Although people achieve self-actualization in their own unique way, they tend to share certain characteristics. However, self-actualization is a matter of degree, 'There are no perfect human beings ' (Maslow, 1970a, p. 176).

Conclusion.
This essay was all about Maslow’s hierarchy of need and about motivation. This essay will have some summarization about the five stages of the hierarchy of needs and importance of self-actualization as it is the most important stage in the hierarchy.

References
LINT. (2011, march 02). Maslow’s Theory of Basic Needs & Learning. Retrieved from Try a free exam: http://thesocialworkexam.com/maslows-theory-of-basic-needs-learning#more-58
McLeod, S. (2007). Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved from Simple Physcology : http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html
What is the Maslow theory of motivation? (n.d.). Retrieved from Refernce :
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