Absenteeism In Nursing Literature Review

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Nyathi and Jooste (2008) has studied that the absenteeism of nurses has led the healthcare industry to the increase in shortage of staff. The managers of nurses are expected to experience the challenges in modifying their schedules and reallocating the tasks and responsibilities of the ones being absent from the work to the ones present for ensuring the consistent patient care within the unit. It is also highlighted that the allocation of nurse stands in for the absent colleague is possibly not familiar with the required tasks to be performed. On the other hand, Wang and Gupta (2014) assessed that there are some hospitals creating the pool of nurses, who are possibly assigned to different units on the basis of the short term variations as…show more content…
It is evident that the adequate patient care in the hospitals is based on the availability of nurses having appropriate set of skills. However, the researchers found this aspect a challenging task for hospitals’ management as there as a paucity of trained nursing staff in India. The study also reflected that the unplanned demands of leaves from nurses require the hospitals to consider significant administrative adjustments as well as substitution. It can compromise the patient care as well as the sharing of work by the available staff leading to the increase in absenteeism and workload. Belita, et al (2013) reflects that there is a lower level of health workers in sub Saharan countries because of the inappropriate health results of the population. The availability of nurses as observed in the study provides the undermining the hiring freezes as found in some of the sub-Saharan African countries. Some of the factors are highlighted for promoting the absenteeism in the healthcare industry of the selected country in the study such as cultural factors, personal factors, and organizational factors. García-Prado and Chawla (2006) has criticized that the…show more content…
The reason behind the selection of these approaches and tools is to describe the conditions of working contributing to the absenteeism among the nurses. The researchers selected the Limpopo province in South Africa for their study. The researchers decided that sample for their study has to include 107 professional nurses along with 163 sub professional nurses based on their agreement to contribute their participation. The survey strategy has been used for gathering data and it is analyzed using the inferential and descriptive statistics. Similarly, another reviewed study of Wang and Gupta (2014) have used the data from different inpatient units of two hospitals for studying the factors including the unit culture, workload on short term, and type of shift to explain the nurse absenteeism. The researchers also developed the models for investigating the influence of demand as well as the variation in absentee rate on the performance of staff plans. The researchers proposed the near-optimal staffing strategies for the absence management in the healthcare industry. Tripathi, et al (2010) studied the pattern of sickness among the nurses during one year and compared the absenteeism among the nurses in different areas of healthcare industry. For this purpose, the researchers selected 385 nurses and categorized the leaves as planned and unplanned after determining the

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