Absolute Monarchy In The 18th Century

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As its name implies, absolute monarchy is a type of government or political organization in which the person who has the power to concentrate everything in his person, absolutely, denying space for other independent institutions or for the division of Powers, basic characteristics of democracy. Absolute monarchy is a way of ensuring that power is not divided between several states, spheres of power and so that the person a position of power will be solely responsible for making decisions. Although there have always been various forms of this type of government, even to the present day, the period of greatest development of this form of government in the West was from the second half of the seventeenth century and all the eighteenth century…show more content…
Valois, Tudor and Habsburg were the dynasties that, in a game of confrontations and alliances between them, dominated the international scene; Within their territories they settled their power in a permanent army, a bureaucracy and a Treasury increasingly developed, that made them unattainable for the nobility, that began to be attracted to its service like courteous nobility. During the seventeenth century the theory arose that the sovereign only responded by his acts before God and, by, was his representative on earth. According to Luis de Molina, a nation that has developed in the theory of the right to freedom of expression, is analogous to a mercantile society in which the rulers are the administrators, but where the power resides in the set of the administered ones Individually, which does not mean that in a couple of centuries the generalized idea is adopted. With the illustration arises the concept of the enlightened despotism, by which the monarch's function was the one of progress the social and economic well-being to his town by the means of reforms and the advice of its officials, breaking with the traditionalism of this one and entering In conflict with the interests of the nobility. With the advent of French and…show more content…
The Constitution of the United States of 1787 is the first document that clearly establishes the separation of powers, individual freedoms and limits of the State on the life of the people. The term "limited government" was not used by the Enlightenment authors nor by the constitutions inspired by it, but their characteristics were mentioned. For example, Adam Smith spoke extensively and in detail of the need to avoid government interference in the market through subsidies, tariffs or restrictions on the exercise of professions such as numeri clausi, and stated that government functions should no longer go Beyond the army, the police, justice and some public works. Although the doctrine of limited government is generally based on the republican theories of the Enlightenment as the separation of powers, for its concrete proposals is based on Hayekian and monetarist theories about the superior efficiency of the market in the provision of most goods And services. It promotes, therefore, the opening to the market of social services such as health and education, as well as the reduction of bureaucratic structures of public administration and the redistribution of public goods. According to US think tank theorists Cato Institute, the only legitimate task of the Government is to create a framework of
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