Within the period of 1750 to 1914, changes were taking place around the world. New empires and nations began growing and expanding their territory, and as a result of these actions, wars, bankruptcy, and rebellions became more common. An example is the American Revolution, in which the American colonists, who were influenced by new philosophies and the sense of nationalism, fought and gained their independence from Britain. This revolution eventually inspired others throughout the world as it was successful in gaining the colonies independence from a powerful European empire. Those revolutions include the Haitian and French Revolution.
People elected other people that they trusted to go represent them in government. Ideas that were formed by the enlightenment philosophers were used in the new government. The French, however, did not make significant progress toward ending absolutism and instead were subject to another absolute ruler immediately after the revolution. After the French revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte became emperor. In this role, Bonaparte had absolute power over France.
After the war not much changed nobles once again controlled the land and the poor. Both Germany and Austria tried their hand at creating a Absolute Monarch, but neither were truly successful due to a large and powerful nobility and diverse ethical and religious beliefs. Prussia was probably the closest thing Eastern Europe had to Absolutism even though the nobility still held a good bit a power due to land control and leadership of the lower class. In western Europe on the other hand, had a successful absolute monarchy. Franch can be used as a prime example of an absolute monarch in Western Europe.
They campaigned for a shift from the medieval learning and medieval form of Christianity. However, a complete overview of the doctrines was not consented by all within the church. Many Catholics wanted to reform the church from within, but Martin Luther and his follower disagreement of church policies led him to break away from the Catholic Church. Because of their protest, Martin Luther and his follower would forever change the course of
Napoleon caused the rise of nationalism by arousing national feelings of the Germans, the polish and the Italians. together with the exemplary success of the French army from 1792 onwards, the idea was widespread and cannot be suppressed. This greatly affected Europe, although it did not seem significant at that time-revolts did indeed happen, but they were soon suppressed but the military forces of the great powers. The spread of these ideologies that shaped the modern day Europe was impossible to be
In contrast to Charlemagne’s feudalism, in Ancient Regime everyone was subject of the king, as well as of an estate and province, but nationality and citizenship didn’t exist. By this time, the military revolution has already begun, and with it absolutism rose in the political sphere of France. (Palmer) The Military Revolution was a product of insecurity and political tensions throughout Europe, which later requires the Balance of Powers within the continent. The feudal armies of the past were dispersing, so the possession of the army transferred from nobility to the King, granting him even more power. This aspect of military might became the key piece for centralizing power in France, controlling the army meant collecting taxes without the consent of the Estates General, therefore diminishing the power of Estates.
In our present generation, the idea of a separation between men and women really is not considered. We live in a culture where a person gets to choose sexual orientation, sexual preference, and even alter sex chromosomes. Due to of the advancement in our science, sociology, and psychology, sexism is arguably obsolete. I say all of that and an educated reader may be thinking “This girl is so wrong and has no clue what she is talking about because sexism does exist.” Well, it does, but not in the same way that it existed in medieval times. Medieval literature and outlets that interpret medieval literature depict sexism in a completely different, extremely radical way.
Although industrialization brought better income to the society, the people were dissatisfied with the government as it was moribund. The leader, Napoleon III, took a liberal stance, amnestying political exiles and reducing restrains on the press. The imperial dictatorship has been transformed into a constitutional monarchy. While some sectors of the society were in concert with Napoleon III’s reformist ideal; some were of equal concern. Another important idea in the Victorian era is the slow recognition of sexual repression and the start of liberation that opened up better opportunity for women to express themselves.
Outline Question: How does the text conform to, or deviate from, the conventions of a particular genre, and for what purpose? Source: Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen Points: Pride and Prejudice received much criticism by authors, such as Charlotte Bronte and Ralph Waldo Emerson, for being a mundane book with female characters that fit the cookie-cutter image of English life. Pride and Prejudice deviates from the social norms it is being accused of by showing and portraying female characters going against what was expected of them. An example being the refusal of marriage that would be financially securing for the family. Pride and Prejudice also deviates from social conventions at that time because Austen writes Pride and Prejudice as a social satire and makes humor of the traditional roles of women.
The Age of Enlightenment was the time period when many people started to think in a new and unique ways. The Enlightenment grew from the earlier scientific revolution. Many of the developed ideas and thoughts during the Enlightenment changed the ideas of Europe during the 18th century, and even many modern societies were influenced by them. It mainly influenced three things, the politics or government, society or culture, and economy. It inspired the creation of the world’s first great democracy.