He believed since god is all knowing (of past, present, and future), than there is nothing to surprise him. That is especially true when considering action, and in this case choosing between options when approaching an ethical dilemma. This idea of forfeiting free will to rely on God’s infinite wisdom doesn’t sit well with me. I, personally, like to believe that there is a right or wrong answer. Even when the choices don’t necessarily present “right” versus “wrong”.
of great importance since it gives way on how creation from its creation (exitus) would return (reditus) to God through the example or aid of the Virgin Mary. Langston, Douglas C. Conscience and Other Virtues. U.S.A: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001. In this book, the author delves more on conscience and virtues and by that it becomes crucial in this research. This book is comprised of three parts namely the historical background, the contemporary dismissal of conscience and conscience as a key to virtue ethics and that which makes it crucial in this research for it presents some important topics.
I have always just accepted that whatever God commands is the morally right action and have never really thought about the arguments against it. After realizing that there are so many arguments against it, this has led me to disagree with the Divine Command Theory. Because there are a vast variety of religions in this world, there are multiple different God or gods that people believe in. Just because I have a set religion and God that I believe in does not mean that someone else’s view is wrong. Also, how can we know for sure what God’s commands are?
He believes that not only does eternal law that provide guidance regarding what men should do or avoid if they wish to be happy or good, but it also issues commands and prohibitions of actions that are not legitimate (Strass & Cropsey 1987, p. 186). Revealed Law, according to Augustine, finds its origin in God's revelation through the Bible. He believes that, to resist such law "is to defy God's own ordinance, inasmuch as civil society is intended by God Himself as a remedy for evil and is used by Him as an instrument of mercy in the midst of a sinful world" (Strauss & Cropsey 1987, p. 200). Chapter 13 of Apostle Paul's letter to the Romans starts out with these words: "Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established"(Romans 13:1, NIV). Augustine often refers to this particular passage in the Bible when talking about Revealed Law.
She sees in philosophy the way to know fundamental truths about human existence. At the same time, the Church considers philosophy as an indispensable help to deepen understanding of faith and communicate the truth of the Gospel to those who still do not
Thomas Paine is one of the great thinkers of all times, his notion of Human rights is Relevant even today. He advocates the Rational Outlook to life in his The Age Of Reason “I believe in the quality of man, and I believe that religious duties consist in doing justice, loving mercy, and endeavouring to make our Fellow-creatures happy. I believe many other things in addition to these. I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish Church, by the Roman Church, by the Greek Church, by the Turkish Church, by the Protestant Church, not by Church that I know of; my own mind is my own church. All national institutions of churches whether Jewish, Christian, or Turkish, appear to me no other than invention set up to terrify and enslave, monopolize
Critique of Noddings’ Ethic of Care In “An Ethic of Caring”, philosopher Nell Noddings puts forth a theory of ethics which tethers the ethical act to basic natural instincts to help others with whom we are in an ethical relation, ultimately grounding all ethical acts in one’s own memory of being in a similar plight as the other. This, according to Noddings, universalizes one’ own concept of the ethical self according to one wishing to follow a narrative of moral wealth—of not only always being able to give back what have received, but giving back what we would have wanted for ourselves. Although her argument sidesteps the classical belief that ethical systems ought to be objective and logically-binding, she nevertheless presents a theory which is far from abstruse and, in fact, quite intuitive. Applied to the perennial
Introduction Morality has long been used by human being as a basis for their actions. Believers of God think that doing good deeds is being moral and thus these actions will save them from their sins. They believe that following God’s will, that is the 10 commandments and in the new commandments stated in the New Testament is the written and visible basis for these actions found in the Holy Bible. . Others believe that being moral is not just following the 10 commandments.
A Less Modest Witness: Collective Advocacy and Motivated Truth in a Medical Humanitarian Movement. American Ethnologist, 33(1), 3–26. Retrieved from http://0-www.jstor.org.library.acaweb.org/stable/3805313 Redfield analyzes Doctors Without Borders principle of bearing witness. He focuses on this principle of the organization and how the actualize their values while comparing it to traditional virtuous testimony. The suggestion in this article is that NGOs play an important role in defining secular truths.
I firmly believe one must work to create their station in life and buying one's way through life, secular or religious, is unethical and immoral. Luther's theory of imputed justice follows that one's sin is forgiven not by what they do to repent, but because of God's unconditional love. I believe that this serves as a strong foundation for Lutheranism. There are positives and negatives in both theologies, but from my interpretation, I see more negatives with Calvinism. Although Calvin was against corruption and abuse by the church, he believed God determines the fate of each person, and it is God controlling everything that happens.
Henry F. Lazenby’s, “The Mythical Use of the Bible by Evangelicals,” examines both mythology and de-mythology as used by evangelicals and nonevangelicals in their interpretation of the bible. He discusses how the use of myth provides empirical and non-empirical validity of the Bible. Significant is how God’s actions in the empirical are juxtaposed against man’s non-empirical reality. He reflects on the differing perceptions and points of view with regards to the human reality in the physical world and the elements in God’s sacred world. He suggests these differences call for a demythologizing within some stories found in the Bible.
Better said, why their worldview is more believable than any other. For me, I believe Christianity is a better way to live than materialism because we do not need the material things to be satisfied in life. God is the only thing we can, and should, occupy ourselves with day in and day out (“How Should a Christian View Materialism?”). This speaks volumes because we do not worry about what the world and culture says we need to do, because we know their is a better place waiting for us on the other side of eternity. Christianity is more believable because we have the resources to deal with the theoretical problem, not just talk about it (Nash, 1992).