Other definitions would include that self-esteem acts like an insulator against stress  or it could refer to how we feel about ourselves and this could either be positive (high self-esteem) and negative (low self-esteem). Several factors can affect self-esteem such as satisfaction in our various relationships, performances, and appearance . It was found out that high self-esteem could be a factor for a healthy life, which is associated with emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is to be inter-correlated with emotional maturity where an individual is able to respond to uncertainties and varying environments in the most appropriate way . However, people with low self-esteem usually rely on their present situation to determine their current feeling or outlook in their selves.
A research done by Mullis and Chapman (2000) on association among gender, age, self-esteem and found that adolescents having high self- esteem focused on problem solving and emotion focused strategy was used by those adolescents having low self-esteem. Arslan, Hamarta and Uslu (2010) studied relationship between life
This is a 30-item questionnaire for evaluation of self-esteem with good reliability and validity. Defining self-esteem as a composite and not single entity, the scale assesses seven components of self-esteem: subjective sense of significance; worthiness; appearance and social acceptability, competence, resilience and determination; control over personal destiny and the value of existence. The individual is asked to designate how much they agree or disagree with each statement, according to how they typically feel. The answers are scored on a scale of 0-7 and a sum score is calculated. A high score represents high self-esteem, with 140 being considered the “normal” mean with a standard deviation of 20 (Romans et al., 1996; Robson, 1989).
A person with high self-esteem has leadership skills, high decision making power, are more confident, love and respect themselves. People admire them for that, they look up to them. They are likely to be satisfied of themselves, accept the way they are do not crib for what they should be like. They are not afraid to explore there selves, do not try to imitate others. People with low self-esteem has the constant fear that they can’t
It refers to the evaluative and affective aspects of the self, to how "good" or "bad" we feel toward ourselves. It is the outcome of the self’s capacity for reflexivity, that is, the capability to look at oneself and to evaluate what one sees. Actually, self-esteem is very important factor in second language learning and academic achievements because, when learners do not trust in their capacities, or have the so called: “low self-esteem”, this will lead to “academic failure”. Thus, it can be said that, its absence produces the suspicion on learners ' own abilities which lead them to perform a low outcome due to the lack of self- confidence. Over and above, students who have low self -esteem are more likely to experiment anxiety.
1.5 Significance of Study There are three purpose of this study. Based on this purpose, there are few numbers of significance on this study. The first significance of this study is by understanding the relation between perfectionism and self esteem, we can know why some student have lower self esteem. This is because there have many factors that can influence the level of self esteem. One of the factors is perfectionism.
Self-esteem makes up for a large part of a person’s worth, feelings, and identity. Though no hard evidence exists that pinpoints what exactly causes low self-esteem and self-worth, researchers discover many popular and probable causes all of the time (Emler, 2002). According to M. Scott Peck, a person’s self-esteem determines how he or she will act and respond to everyday challenges in life (LaTour, 2014). For example, people with high self-esteem are confident in themselves and overcome most minor, everyday challenges, while people with low self-esteem feel timid and are less likely to overcome those same challenges. Whether a person develops a high self-esteem or low self-esteem about himself or herself relies largely on his or her childhood and what kind of experiences he or she had.
Abstract The subject of self confidence and self esteem is considered one of the oldest themes in social sciences following the initial introduction of the topic more than a century ago by William James (1890/1983) in what is often regarded as America’s first psychology textbook. Over the past few years, there has been increased interest in the research, theory and practice of self-confidence and its psychology. The importance of self confidence as a topic of interest in social sciences, especially psychology may be attributed to the fact that it is a behavioral attribute that is active in a neutral, negative or positive state of being and it encompasses the full spectrum of human life and the continuum that is human behavior (Richards, 2006)
The foundations of self-esteem are laid early in life when infants develop attachments with the adults who are responsible for them. When adults readily respond to their cries and smiles, babies learn to feel loved and valued. Children come to feel loved and accepted by being loved and accepted by people they look up to. As young children learn to trust their parents and others who care for them to satisfy their basic needs, they gradually feel wanted, valued, and
SELF-ESTEEM AND NARCISSISM AMONG SELECTED COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCE STUDENTS An Undergraduate Thesis Proposal Presented to The Faculty of the Department of Psychology College of Arts and Sciences San Beda College In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Psychology by Angelo Alfonso V. Puatu 2016 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Self-esteem has been selected as an element of the relevant pattern in the present study. Moreover, it can help explain quality of life in university students. Self- esteem is defined as a favourable or unfavourable attitude toward the self accoding to Rosenberg (1965). In the academic field, self-esteem is a relevant variable that is associated with good academic results and