Academic Reading Strategies

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2.1. Reading Strategies: Reading is an essential skill of language learning which overlap with the other skills of language such speaking and writing, and without dominating reading strategies, students cannot comprehend what they read. Susser, Robb(1990) as cited in Alsamadani (2012: 829)states that "Reading has been the most emphasized skills throughout the last three decades of second / foreign language teaching research ". This means, that teachers should use effective ways and techniques to help their students to improve their reading strategies and in an interesting environment through using a range of teaching approaches that produce confident and independent readers. McNamara (2009:34) states that " reading strategies are essential,…show more content…
"Strategic readers feel confident that they can monitor and improve their own reading so they have both knowledge and motivation to succeed (Peter Afflerbach, David Pearson & Scott G. Paris, 2008)" as cited in Hanim (2013:3)

Evchevarria, et al (2012: 315) states that strategies are a "mental process and plans that people use to help them comprehend, learn, and retain new information. These strategies will support the learners to read well".

From the other hand, S.khezrlou (2012:80) ensured that "Learners need to be provided with appropriate ways of instruction to use these strategies as efficiently as possible. These strategies refer to the steps or operations used in learning or problem-solving that requires direct analysis, transformation, or synthesis of learning
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(www.phschool.com).

Moreover, each type of Venn diagram can be used to develop reading strategies. Both the cognitive and metacognitive strategies should be developed to accomplish the goal of comprehension.

Since that the main goals of reading literature sorts such as: prose, novel, plays, short stories, and poetry is to motivate the students to read and think critically about experience, feelings, thoughts, and information, and to develop their abilities to make comparison, summarize, take notes, and analyze the content. The role of teacher is very important to achieve these goals. This role includes clarifying, helping students motivate the suitable prior knowledge, supporting students in reading and comprehend literature in appropriate ways, and guide them in their development to be a strategic
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