The article The Individual Psychology Conception of Depression as a Stress-Diathesis Model by Steve Slavik and James Croake is about the effects of the diathesis-stress model and vulnerability can cause an illness and disorder like depression. This theory accepts when a person is going through a stressful event and the situation that person is in the act together with their personality can lead to a most mental disorder and illness to happen. A person can go through a stressful event, but cope with it in a bad manner can lead it into the depression. There are two models that support this claim. The first model is the Beck 's Cognitive Triad Model.
For example, animal experimentations conceptualized stress as a physiological drive that is triggered by negative environmental stimuli. As such, coping behaviors were seen as acts of controlling how we respond to these negative stimuli. On the other hand, psychoanalytic ego psychology presented a trait and style approach to coping. In this perspective, the traits and characteristics that individuals possess will determine how they react to particular types of stimuli. However, there are limitations to this approach.
(The Challenging Behaviour Foundation, 2014). Sub types of Aggression Mace and Mauk (1995) cited in Ingram 2011, suggests that ‘there are various dimensions of the activity caused by the neurotransmitter disturbance’. These are known as sub types of aggressions which are inflicted upon the individual by themselves. Functional Behavioural Assessments Functional Assessment or function analysis is carried out to assess challenging behaviour and to provide causes and reasons for the challenging behaviour being shown. This assessment is made to look at the person as a whole and view their life before intervening.
Anxiety disorders are a group of disorders, it is characterized by extreme, persistent, and distressing fear and anxiety that hinders normal day to day functioning, an example is a phobia. PTSD is a disorder when the experience of a traumatic and stressful event, such as combat, sexual assault, or natural disaster. People with personality disorders show a personality style that is stubborn and uncompromising, causes distress and impairment, and creates problems for themselves and others. What I found most beneficial was reading, “Diagnosing and Classifying Psychological Disorders”. This will help me more when dealing with psychological patients at work.
Operationalization of Variables: 3.1 Independent Variables: • Locus of control Locus of control refers to Individuals with an internal locus of control believe in the power of their own decisions and behaviors to impact life events and determine their own future. Those with an external locus of control, on the other hand, view life events as dictated by environmental factors outside of one’s control, such as luck, fate, or powerful others (Van Liew, 2013). • Social Interaction Anxiety Social anxiety is the fear of interaction with other people that brings on self-consciousness, feelings of being negatively judged and evaluated, and, as a result, leads to avoidance. If a person usually becomes (irrationally) anxious in social situations, but seems better when they are alone, then "social anxiety" may be the problem. High levels of anxiety and fear cause avoidance, even of activities people want to engage in (Goldin et al., 2013).
Patients with generalized anxiety disorder are found to have unrealistic view of danger. Many of them fear being in pain, harmed and have repeated thoughts of death, suffering in pain, being in danger and getting damaged mentally and physically in anyway.Psychodynamic ? Caused from our psychological alerting mechanism that arises when patient 's unconscious motivations clash with the conscious mind of the patient.Environmental ? Stress and trauma are brought to be the cause of generalized anxiety disorder. People who had negative experience might develop a trauma which might cause anxiety.
History Before anxiety was discovered, it was described as stress, shame and fear. Shaming is a common factor with individuals with anxiety. “The ultimate function of shame is to motivate behaviors that are appealing to others, signal submission, and limit possible social damage”(Plos One), that is what people with social anxiety are scared of not doing. They are scared of what others will think of them if they dont act and do things the others are doing, and are scared of not doing what they consider okay or “cool”. They “fear of being judged and evaluated negatively by other people”(What is social anxiety).
It is often referred to as ?psychological acupressure?. The blockages are the source of emotional intensity and discomfort. Blockages, in addition to emotionally challenging situations will most lead limiting beliefs and behaviors and inability to live life harmoniously (The Energy Therapy Center). All negative emotions are felt through a disruption of the body?s energy. And physical pain and disease are intricately connected to negative emotions.
The ability to completely live life rest in understanding that traumatic events occur, however the perception of the crisis determines the recovery. An Individual Crisis is said to be the, “perception or experiencing of an event or situation as an intolerable difficulty that exceeds the person’s current resources and coping mechanisms” (James, 2013). If the person does not obtain relief, the crisis has the potential to cause severe malfunction. This malfunction can be behavioral or cognitive. This can leading to injurious or lethal behavior, inflicting harm on oneself or others.
Personality disorders include enduring patterns of inner experiences and behaviors which deviates from the norm in an individual’s culture. This pattern may be discerned in two or more areas, such as cognition, interpersonal functioning, affect, or impulse control. The pattern itself is enduring, inflexible and pervasive, and takes places across a broad range of social or personal situations. Eventually it leads to significant distress or impairment in academic, social, professional or personal areas of functioning. Psychotic Disorders are conditions that will truncate an individual’s ability to function properly or discern reality.