Ensure that the property, plant and equipment exist and are genuine assets of the business and are beneficially owned by the business and any restrictions, pledges or liens on the property, plant and equipment are identified and adequately disclosed in the financial statements. At the same time, have to prepare fixed assets schedule as to attachment for this section. Test the mathematical accuracy, agree opening balances to prior period working papers and agree closing balances to the nominal ledger and investment ledger where maintained. Vouch against invoices, contract notes, and agreements for any additions or disposals in order to ensure that all property, plant and equipment are included in the balance sheet and gains or losses on realization of property, plant and equipment are correctly stated. In additions, ensure the property, plant and equipment are properly disclosed and
For the Huffman Trucking Company, strategic planning has been an important part of their functions for over 60 years. For a company like Huffman Trucking, financial planning is extremely important to maintain their continued growth and their overall health in the long term. When analyzing the financial statements for the last three years we looked and three separate types of financial statements: the income statement, balance sheets, and the cash flow budget, we will also try and make assumptions to identify the various risks involved in a business like Huffman Trucking. When looking at the various financial statements we attempt also review the cash flow statements and attempt to make recommendations on the implementation of various short-term working capital strategies on the long term cash flows, try and find an explanation of different corporate risk mitigation techniques capital budgeting, and make an analysis of what effect capital structure on strategic financial planning, and how it works to affect risks.
Target Corporation’s accounting policy is both efficient and reliable. However, in relation to the ratios discussed earlier, the use of estimates accounting policy is one that may require additional attention. This policy requires management to make estimates and assumptions affecting reporting amounts in the consolidated financial statements which can link to the payout ratio, the return on assets ratio (ROA), and also the earnings per share ratio (EPS). By comparing the estimates, management makes in comparison to the actual numbers presented in the statement, it would support us to make reflections on numbers that look unusual. All three ratios connect to the assertion accuracy since their amount
An accounting memo should be a one-stop shop when it comes to forming a conclusion on an accounting issue. A company would reference an accounting memo to gather information regarding the transaction, accounting evaluation, and reason the position was taken on a problem or issue. The five critical components are listed below as a guide to prepare a professional accounting memo.
Companies all over the globe will experience some sales and profit decrease. Home Depot in the growing housing industry benefited greatly from the houses being built. The accounting concept portrayed in this situation for home depot is called operating leverage. Operation leverage is when managers view a small change in revenue and magnify it to dramatic changes in revenue (Edmonds, Tsay, & Olds, 2011). With a decrease in the market for construction materials, Home Depot is experiencing a 3% decrease revenue and a 21% decrease in profitability. This drastic change occurred because of variable and fixed costs. Due to these costs, sales decline in small percentages which affect a more significant decline in profit.
During the four-year study in the program of Accounting and Finance, I have gained the professional knowledge, and also obtained the precious experiences in life. This year, I have learned a lot during the process of the working on the capstone project. In order to have a deep understanding of myself, the essay will make a summary of the capstone project and myself.
A profit and loss statement or P&L is a financial statement that recapitulate the revenues, costs and expenses sustained during a specific period of time usually taken place in a budgetary quarter or a year. The data acquired by this method is used to provide information of the company’s ability or loss thereof to generate profit by increasing revenue (+) or reducing costs (-) or sometimes even both.
It is also called profit and loss statement or income or expense statement. The main purpose of income statement is to indicate managers and investors whether the organisation was cost-effective
I began working for this company in Christmas as a temporary seasonal gift wrapper, and then was later asked this January to become part of their staff and was offered a part time job. For the assignment, I spoke to Ms. Caroline Andrews, who has been working for Floyd & Green for the past 20 some years as their accountant. She describes accounting as a problem-solving puzzles that she enjoys solving and not just debits and credits. She goes on in stating how accounting at Floyd & Green is taking the information, finding the trend, and helping management deal with it. She goes on by saying how she translates the information to what the company needs to watch for or pay attention to if something goes wrong so it can be corrected easily. I enjoyed the way Ms. Caroline described accounting as a puzzle it made it a more interesting way to understand what she does and how she uses accounting to help management benefit. I asked her what a day worked looked like she went on to tell me about all the balance sheets, profit, and loss, cash flow charts, cost of goods sold and many other reports she does not only daily but monthly and yearly. Every month she creates a personalized profit and loss report to be
Traditionally, pro forma earnings are lampooned as “earnings before the bad stuff”, which are lower than the figure according the GAAP. Companies may present to the public their earnings and results of operations on the basis of methodologies other than GAAP. And this presentation in the earnings release is often referred to as “pro forma” financial information. Many companies were thought to be using pro forma figures not only to exclude one-time charges, but also to strip put recurrent costs and other elements that they claimed concealed their “true” performance.
However, in personal finance, cash accounting is often used to define and account for events when the cash changes hands. This practically implies that in personal finance, incomes and expenses are noted when the cash is received or paid, or when the cash actually flows. In managing personal finance, the accounting process in crucial in that it records personal transactions of what flows in and what flows out. As checkbooks records most transactions with statement from bank carrying others, this accounting transaction information is summarized in financial statement and can easily be read most efficiently. Furthermore, the summary report of the income statement, cash flow statement, and balance sheet clearly show one’s personal financial status paving the way for better managing personal finance.
This paper discussed the extended normative model and supported through a longitudinal study. It is exploring the roles of Accounting Information Systems in an organization facing financial stages. Many teams suffer the various crises in different types. For example, Managerial, Marketing, and Production, financial. It follows systematic and traditional based decision-making concept such as game
“History, in itself is instinctive and indigenous to all of us” (Carnegie. et al, 2011), whether individuals know it or not, everyone’s decision making process is strongly based on past experiences, and the past is the key source resorted to whenever a decision is needed to be made. The same is applicable to accounting, the decisions made today in all practices and approaches are drawn from the historical developments in the accounting process, that have led the practice
The main important purpose of the accounting information system is to promote the activity of the enterprise and to form a reliable and real picture of it. In addition, the accounting information system promotes the activity of the enterprise effectively by preparing up-to-date information statements, providing as much information as possible so that the data should be understandable all users not only for the experts(bookkeepers) and tracking liquidity. Nowadays accounting software is a programme which makes accounting work processes easier and faster and which makes it possible to meet the information demand of the management. It also can support the accountants’ work, helping to compile reports by in helping to compile reports by recording and processing the events concerning the
I was also able to identify the main uses of accounting and these are as follow: