Places in the “new world” that were under Spanish rule often were exceedingly religiously intolerant. As the Europeans gained more and more power religiously, Native American religions were silenced. As more settlers came to the new world from Europe, they brought Christianity with them, and Christianity’s popularity from Europe continued on in the new world. European contact with Native Americans deteriorated the Natives’ religions while strengthening the Europeans’
After treaties were signed by Haudenosaunee chiefs, the British colonies began to impose policies and practices that restricted the Haudenosaunee from affirming their culture and way of life. Furthermore, diseases such as smallpox, measles and influenza brought by European settlers wiped out immense populations of the indigenous people. This resulted in the traditional bottleneck of the Haudenosaunee and limited the amount of culture that would be passed down. Due to the dominance of the Europeans, the Haudenosaunee were forcibly assimilated into European culture. As they were assimilated, they lost their traditional ways of life and adopted the western way of working, eventually resulting in a homogenized culture.
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
Christianizing what the English had called “Heathens,” was something that the early English Civilizations tried to do before putting laws in place against the Indians. They had described them as “disguising themselves by following strange fashions in their apparel.” (Randolf, Edward.) After, partially destroying
The poor whites were raiding the Indian settlements. The governor at the time, William Berkley, became angry with the poor whites since he wanted to maintain cordial relations with the natives who were selling him deer skins and furs, which he was importing to Europe. In retaliation, the peasant farmers burned Jamestown to the ground. The revolt latter is dissolved, but the rebellion had a lasting impact that led to the hastening of the end of the use of indentured servants in favor of slaves. The Native Americans captured in the frontier wars continued to be enslaved but each act of aggression against them by the European colonialists made future diplomacy with neighboring Indians more difficult as they felt assaulted in their home ground (Chapter2 75).
As the number of aboriginals decreased and came close to extinction. The British feared this therefore they promoted the idea of racial quality which ultimately failed, though it was the basis of racial equality in Europe and America. As different races rejected the ideas of civilization the British came to question the idea if these races could actually be civilized. Then came Tomas Carlyle who was a writer that appealed to slavery. He wrote, in the 19th century, about the necessity of inequality and that it was the proper way to rule society.
During the time of exploration of North America, questions arose of the Native people that inhabited the land, if they were or not capable of learning European cultural values, government, and converting to the faith of Christianity, and if not they should be enslaved to the Europeans. The primary document of “In Defense of the Indians” focuses on the argument between Bartolomé de Las Casas, an advocate for Native Rights, and Juan Gines de Sepulveda, a Spanish humanist, with opposing opinions on the enslavement and conversion of the Amerindians. The document focuses primary on Las Casas response and argument towards Sepulveda, Las Casas opposed his position and fought for his beliefs that the Natives deserved rights, protection, and were civilized beings. Las Casas often refers to Aristotle’s notions, as he believes that the Native people are capable of learning, are willing and able to convert to Christianity and should not be enslaved. Sepulveda argues that the Native people are “barbaric”, are lesser beings than the Europeans and should be enslaved for these very reasons.
Unlike the French and the Dutch, the Spanish had seized the Indians’ lands, converted many Indians to Catholicism, and forced them to mine gold and farm large estates. What I find most intriguing though was the common practice of Spanish males marrying Native Americans females which the French and the Dutch did not practice in (this is also due to many Europeans believing that the Native Americans were beneath them) French colonial Strategies - French merchants created fur-trading colonies - Establish and conform religious communities that practiced Christianity - Establish profit by trading with the local natives The French while late comers to the New World had made two major impacts the French exploited existing inter-tribal alliances and rivalries to establish trade relationships with the Huron, Montagnais, and Algonquin’s along the St. Lawrence River and further inland toward the Great Lakes (Holmes). The French also introduced countless diseases that affected the Native
Imperialism is the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies (Google, 2017). Drastic changes occurred to a variety of nation-states and cultures after imperialistic nations extended their control. This essay will highlight the influence of the Spanish on the Incas’ religion, trade and culture To let the Spaniards in their country and to colonize and take their recourses and the spread of Catholicism meaning, they could not live life, their own way. The Americans believed the Incan leader was half God whereas the Spanish did not, knocking some of shrines down leaving the Incas cleaning up the Spaniards mess. Some of the people who refused to do what the Spaniards commanded they would be shot or beaten, wiping some of the Incan empire although in doing so it increased the population from the new technologies and ideas they had gained from the Spanish (Google, 2015).
Missionaries, who live among the Indians, left letters to give people a sense of “concern” that many held for tribal peoples. Franciscan Escalona wrote a letter criticizing the anger towards the Indians which committed by a Spanish governor of present-day New Mexico. Franciscan wrote how the governor’s cruelty toward everyone made Gospel preaching impossible. During the sixteenth century, even more people from England arrived and they also brought many expression of Protestant Christianity to the new world. There are new explorers though, Puritans.