By questioning the sale of indulgences and arguing that the pope does not have complete authority over forgiveness of sins and, to a larger extent, salvation, Luther established a precedent for the word of the Church to be called into question rather than it having absolute authority. Given that Luther opens his 95 Theses with “out of love and concern for the truth,” it is clear that his intentions are not necessarily to completely undermine the authority of the Catholic Church, but rather to open a dialogue between the Catholic Church and its faithful on what is actually true in regards to God. The collective judgment of the Catholic community, particularly those who did not have positions of power in the Church, would then have a much greater effect on the direction in which the Catholic Church took than it would have before Luther’s 95 Theses.
Chaucer is sending them a slap in the face with this example because he is showing that the world knows they are not as perfect and pious as they seem. Religion is a theme in many works of literature throughout the ages. In the Canterbury Tales, Chaucer is no different. In the Miller’s Tale, Chaucer uses the most unlikely character to reveal the hypocritical ways of the Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. He shows that they are all materialistic, using religion to trick people, and not honestly having the heart of a true believer.
He makes a mention about how the Romanists are the sole interpreters of the bible. He strongly disagrees with this saying that “it is a wicked base invention, for which they cannot adduce title of evidence in support”. This clearly shows Luther’s view on this. He believes that interpreting the bible should be for everyone rather than for a select few who could be infected with the devil. It also gives the impression that the clergy are interpreting the bible in a way that benefits themselves and the church rather than focusing on the spiritual needs of the greater
"2 They disagreed on the idea of Christ's presence during the Lord's Supper. Luther believed in Christ's literal presence at the Lord's Supper, and Zwingli thought otherwise. Because of this disunity, "Luther said Zwingli was of the devil and that he was nothing but a wormy nut. "3 This disagreement prohibited the uniting of Zwingli and Luther, and therefore the German and Swiss reform movements. Luther also overshadowed Zwingli with his ninety-five theses.
They refused to make the sign of the cross, or kneel during the service along with other Catholic protocols because they believed the Bible did not command them to do so, so they should not do so (“Puritanism”). Puritans believed pleasure to be a sin and that a person's life should be spent either working or at the worship of God (“Pilgrims”). They emphasized severe punishment and public acknowledgement of sins, while Catholics believed in forgiveness and private confession of sins for God’s forgiveness (Lowance). Puritans thought pastors should be married men with families, while Catholics believed in the practice of
He witnessed the corruption of the church and was strictly against it. Luther wrote the 95 theses, which criticized the church for raising money, especially since they take a vow of poverty. In the theses he referenced four sources from the bible that supported the concept that one does not need indulgences to be saved, but rather all they need is faith in Christ. This
Chaucer uses satire to explain disloyalty among the friars. Chaucer uses the Summoner to explain how the churches use penance and how it is not for the good of the people. The Summoner explains through another character in his tale, “ ‘Masses,’ said he, ‘deliver from all penance/ Your friends’ souls, whether old or young,/ Yes, even when they are quickly sung -/ Not to say that a priest has gone astray;/ because he only sings one mass a day./ ‘Deliver then, anon’ quoth he, ‘the souls!/ Full hard
Luther thought the Catholic Church and their popes were out of hand and should not control the people as much as they did. The Church created indulgences for the people involved with the church can use when they sin. Instead of doing penance they would take indulgences and give money to the church instead of praying. The popes and the church does not have the decisions between on who goes to purgatory or not. Gender roles of Europe changed because of the Protestant Reformation.
In the story, both the characters on the pilgrimage and the characters within the stories themselves display elements of church corruption. Out of all the characters on the journey, the Pardoner is the most obvious case of a corrupt member of the church. The prologue of the Pardoner illustrates his obsession with material wealth and the hypocrisy of his job. During this drunken state, he rants to the company that “Covetousness is both the root and stuff of all I preach” (p. 243) this oxymoronic phrase illustrates his corruption. Covetousness refers to one of the ten commandments; You shall not covet your neighbors
Exemplifying the corruption of the church in his time period, the Pardoner does not grant pardons based on merit or out of charity. Instead, he will only grant pardons upon the receipt of some sort of payment like “sterling, rings, or silver brooches” (Line 303). In addition, he made no effort to hide his own sin. Instead, he proudly proclaimed that he wanted more “money, wool and cheese and wheat” from even the poorest peasant. Clearly, the Pardoner is guilty of the same sin he preaches against, but the fact that he passionately preaches against this sin is even more ironic.
Peter’s Basilica. Like his earlier peers that stood for a Church reformation, Martin Luther disagreed with the selling of indulgences and wrote the immediately popular 95 Theses, mainly attacking the misuse of German money and the Pope’s control over Purgatory. He argued that the letters Paul writes to the Greek Churches in the Book of Romans emphasised “the just shall live by faith” alone, instead of relying on financial transactions that would guarantee a person’s cleansing from sin. According to the New Testament, Jesus had came to Earth to die for all of humanity’s sins, and to put a monetary price to salvation would demean the significance and sacrifice He had done out of grace alone. Luther went on to question the Church, reasoning if Christian practices had came to be corrupted, then it was possible its teaching were as well.
The audience for Luther’s sermon was Erfurt, Germany. Only those who disagreed with the Catholic Church followed Luther’s practice. Upon further analysis of the sermon, the main message proved to be that one can have faith without following the Pope. If you have faith in God, that is all you need for your soul to be saved. “…we should not build upon human law or works, but rather have true faith in the one who is