In Book 1, The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the main focus is directed at why people give up their natural liberty in order to achieve protection from threats to themselves and their possessions. This then results in the formation of a legitimate sovereign we’re all members are equal. Rousseau believes that no human has authority over another individual because force cannot be established. He disputes that no one will give up his or her freedom without getting something back. I will focus my analysis on how the social contract states that we must give up our individual rights in order to obtain equality and security.
According to King’s argument, safeguarding freedom requires that we live up to the promises made in the Declaration of Independence. Segregation is not consistent with freedom because segregation is a barrier to education and thus to man’s pursuit of “liberty” and “happiness.” Freedom is brotherhood, peace, and racial harmony. Freedom is being judged not “by the color of [one’s] skin but by the content of [one’s] character”. To King, freedom is equality. In his landmark “I Have a Dream” speech, King draws on the Declaration of Independence “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” Before considering the Civil Rights Movement, it is imperative to understand that public freedom is predicated on the belief that all men (meaning all humans, females alike) are equal before the law.
He defines general will as alienation of each associates together, I completely agree by his social contract theory. What else a society wants the individuals are enjoying their rights, they are attaining mutual security and moral freedom, they are making their own government in which revolutions can take place very easily and most importantly it’s the collective will of the people where whatever the decision is made is according to everyone’s will and they just have to sacrifice a part of their natural freedom to attain mutual security and moral liberty. I mean these things are the primary demands of the good society and if these all are achieved by his way then why not, we just need to reach the destination journey doesn’t matter much. Obviously after reaching the height of the mountain why will I tell the distance I covered to reach there ill just tell the height which I climbed
According to Hobbes, a sovereign, whether the sovereign was placed into power by violence or force, is the only way to secure law and order. For him, if a citizen obeys the sovereign for fear of punishment or in the fear of the state of nature, it is the choice of the citizen. According to Hobbes, this is not tyranny; it is his idea of a society that is successful, one that does not have room for democracy. As a realist, Hobbes has a fierce distrust of democracy and viewed all of mankind in a restless desire for power. If the people are given power, law and order would crumble in Hobbes’ eyes.
For example, a utilitarian would believe that although slavery causes suffering of certain human beings, since slaves are there for the greater good of people, it is justifiable to have slavery. Rawls argues this, as even I would. He says that every individual has a natural right, which even the welfare of everyone else cannot override. Rawl breaks his theory up in two principles; the equality principle and the difference principle. The equality principle, is fundamental and logically prior to the difference principle.
Functional governments depend on the continued support of the people, when a government is no longer backed by the people it ceases to provide them with freedom. Rousseau states that people have the right “to either accept or reject” a system of government and that if they have this right then “the government will no longer be arbitrary” (Rousseau 138). People cannot be forced to support a government because this government will never actually be productive, a government must function as a form of agreement in order for it to be more than a group of captives. Just as agreement is required for the formation and maintenance of a government, acts carried out by a government require the support of the people. Roosevelt says that he has “called for personal sacrifice” but that it will lead to a greater tomorrow (Roosevelt 154).
Lincoln’s political religion grounds itself in the American principle of equality. His political religion was necessary to bind the nation together in a time of dire need. The nation stood divided. One side believed it was their natural right to reap the fruits of another man’s labor, which denied his natural rights as well as his humanity, while the other side disagreed, affirming the humanity of the slaves and remained free. Lincoln pushed to change public sentiment in regard to slavery.
From this provocative discovery, Rousseau talks about countless ways to suppress the "chains" of civil society The natural human right to physical freedom. He argues that civil society does nothing to ensure the equality and freedom of the individual that was promised to a person when he joined this society. Moreover, for Rousseau, the only legitimate political authority is the power that all people who have agreed to such a government agree on by entering into a social contract for the sake of their mutual preservation. The social contract is Rousseau 's answer to the problem of natural freedom, because Rousseau 's nature does not provide standards or guidelines for determining who should rule. According to Rousseau, a social contract in common will is the basis of all legal power, in other words, that all standards of justice and law originate in the will of this unique human property of will or free agency.
The Social Contract Theory: The social contract theory basically states that people are moral obligations of a contract or an agreement of political form as they are dependent on it for the preservation of basic security rights. So what it means is that morality consists of a basic set of rules governing behaviour that rational people would accept .However many philosophers argue that it paints an incomplete view of our moral and political lives. Our insecurities, selfishness, scarcity of recourses and equality of need forms the basis for this theory. Since no man has any natural authority over his fellow men, and since force is not the source of right, conventions remain as the basis of all lawful authority among men. The State of nature: According to Thomas Hobbes, the primitive state of nature is like a war of all against all where man is insecure, about his fundamental rights.
Washington believed that unity was essential to the existence of the nation and campaigned around the country to enforce it. He opposed slavery even though he was a slave owner. In his will, Washington ordered for his slaves to be freed after the death of his wife. He strongly favored neutrality when other countries were in conflict and supported friendly relations with other countries. He wanted to keep the country free from political connections with any other countries.