Inmates are more likely to have higher rates of infections due to their living conditions and exposure to persons with diseases. In order to reduce mental and medical health costs in the prison system, there are a few suggested strategies. As the warden of a prison system, my administrators and I can try several strategies to promote and increase the recruitment and retention of staff by offering a salary that creates competition, benefits, and additional incentives to the staff are essential. Nevertheless, instead of hiring from a private sector, hospitals or doctor’s office; the prison system can employ a staff of medical physicians of their own. The hiring of reliable and consistent staff can reduce the turnover rates and increase the chances of consistency in staff.
With a four month program RECAP which inmates that could not act regularly to other programs this program got into hard detail of offenders if group sessions were negative to inmates. RECAP gives all the tools needed for inmates to get the actual skills required minimizing unnecessary programs that doesn’t really deter criminals and they find RECAP beneficial to their needs. Once RECAP improve their skills needed when looking for a job, employers and those looking for candidates can receive the good news of them rather than the old criminal news. With RECAP being the source of the
To begin, much of the Latino population in the United States are either in jail or living in unsafe neighborhoods. With the stereotypes given to minorities by those in an American society; minorities are likelier to be looked at suspiciously. Minorities are labeled, and in the case of Latinos they are often stopped and frisked unfairly. Police who feel the need to stop a hispanic person in their own neighborhood just help enforce these stereotypes. With this said, it is no question as to why: white Latino men are much more likely than White men, but only half as likely as Black men, to serve time in prison.
The legalization of prostitution will decrease crime, improve public health meaning that all the men and women involved in prostitution will have regular check-ups at the local hospitals, increase tax revenue and assist those who are suffering from poverty and this will get the prostitutes off the streets, allowing adults to make their own choices. In the 22 countries where prostitution is legal, these countries including Ethiopia, contend that prostitution is a victimless crime. According to the Daily Beast, a prostitute has 45% to a 75% chance of experiencing violence at their work place at some point. Worker safety, along with the high concerns of exploitation and objectification, are behind much of the continued support for keeping prostitution illegal.
Race, Class, and Incarceration The main goal of the U.S. law enforcement has been to make the world a safer place but in the process of making the world a safer and “better” place there have been quite some downfalls. One of those many downfalls would have to be the American prison system. In today’s society police enforcement has given so much focus on prosecuting street crime while failing to acknowledge white-collar crime and other major crimes that occur every day.
Realignment is a method used to redirect low-level offenders and parole violators from overcrowded prisons to country jails. This saves money by decreasing the overpopulated prisons, decreasing the cycle of offenders to prison that thwarts rehabilitation, and impeding local law enforcement supervision. The 2011 Public Safety Realignment sentenced non-violent and non-sex offenders to country jails instead of prisons, so the less severe the crime the more likely they were to go to a country jail. Realignment is funded through the state sales tax revenue and Vehicle License Fees. Governor Brown 's Proposition 30, passed in November 2012, created a constitutional amendment prohibiting the Legislature from reducing Realignment funding.
Racial inequalities in the criminal justice system are evident now more than ever. Although some believe that we are now past racial disparities, people of color are still facing injustice in the criminal justice system as appose to whites. Furthermore, my research has found that mass incarceration of one race, leads to mass poverty in
According to an article “ young offenders who were incarcerated were a staggering 67 percent more likely to be in jail (again) by the age of 25 than similar young offenders who didn’t go to prison”(Beuchamp). If that is the case now imagine how it would be if they’re in there for life, it’s a possibility that crimes could be committed there. Why have them in there for life when it can potentially make the issue a lot worse? It’s not the right thing to do, whether the offender murdered a person you cannot deprive them of their right to recuperate and make a change.
The ‘stop snitching’ is a phenomenon that is very prevalent in the African American communities. In the United States, it is recorded that African American as a group are disproportionately poor and often live in area with high crime rate. Research has tried to explain racial inequalities in urban crime. Most of the research has focuses on the context of poverty, which focuses on the structural changes in economic in our culture. Conflict theorists proposed that because of the poverty in some of these communities, it has led to individuals to develop the concept of ‘stop snitching’ because illegal activities for some of these individuals are a way of life.
The subculture of violence is one of the theories that people believe is the reason that African Americans are so violent and commit so many crimes. “The subculture of violence theory posited that high rates of violence in inner-city communities existed because residents carried pro-violence values and norms”(Crutchfield). The theory is that because so many blacks live in a community that violence and other crimes are approved by and that's the way of life for them, they don’t know any better and that's what they instinctively do. It can be said that if people lived in a better neighborhood or even one where they didn’t tolerate this kind of behavior than African Americans wouldn’t be in this situation. They also said that because children
Another example of judicial inequality in parity between legal treatments of citizens is the Crack Cocaine Mandatory Minimum Sentences. Before 2010, there were much stricter mandatory minimum sentences when someone was convicted of a crime involving crack cocaine versus powder cocaine. Crack cocaine is much cheaper to produce and buy than powder cocaine, and thus crack cocaine offenders were more likely to be poor and black, while powder cocaine offenders were more often more affluent and white. Thus a disproportionate number of blacks were imprisoned
The reforms made in congress have lowered the average length of jail sentences for drug offenders. Congress should continue to make reforms to the mandatory minimum sentencing and put more exceptions to them. For example congress should rethink the mandatory minimum sentences for all types of all offences. It is important to have mandatory maximum sentences for each offence because it would allow for less extreme punishments for lesser offences. The prison population could be shrunk with the addition of maximum sentences, This would limit the length of time one person is in prison with more time in rehabilitation.
According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, preventive health care save lives and improve health by identifying illnesses earlier, managing and treating them more effectively before the condition can progress1. Under the ACA, 15 preventive services and one wellness visit are fully covered by the majority of the insurance plans without copays and coinsurance. Free preventive health care has had a direct effect on the health care costs in the U.S. Many Americans wait to see a doctor until they get sick due to cost2. However, by making preventive health care services free it helps Americans live longer, healthier lives and keeping health care costs down. The high deductible plans paired with tax free health savings accounts compared to the ACA may be less efficient because people will face pressure to safe.
Misdemeanor Cases Affecting Police, Courts, and Corrections Danitza Robledo Arizona Western College Authors note Danitza G. Robledo, Department of Administration of Justice. Arizona Western College. Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to Danitza G. Robledo, Department of Administration of Justice, Arizona Western College, Campus Box 929. Yuma, Az 85366-0929 (928)317-6000. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract
The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for several reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime. This literature review will discuss the ineffectiveness of the United States’ criminal justice system and how mass incarceration of non-violent offenders, racial profiling, and a high rate of recidivism has become a problem.