Acculturation is the method of attaining the lifestyle of one’s host country which encompasses the concurrent detachment from their native culture. Immigrant acculturation is a continuous process that can take years to decades to complete (Ajayi & Ajayi, 2008). Unidimensional acculturation occurs along a linear scale from not being completely absorbed in one’s original culture to being utterly engrossed in the new dominant culture (LaVeist & Isaac, 2013). An example of a unidimensional transition can be seen when teens become heavily involved with new friends or a new group at school and follow the crowd in order to fit in. Bi-dimensional acculturation emphasizes the integration among both the dominant culture and the original culture (LaVeist & Isaac, 2013).
Milton Gordon believed that the process of assimilation can be separated into seven different subprocesses. However, the book focuses entirely on the first three processes of assimilation. The first process of assimilation is acculturation or cultural assimilation. This is when members of the immigrant or minority group learns the culture of the dominant group.
The article, “Immigrant America: A Portrait” written by Alejandro Portes and Ruben G. Rumbaut, discusses the many trials and tribulations immigrants have faced throughout the history of America, dating back to the Great European Wave In the 19th and 20th century. The Great European Wave, was the time in which 23 million European immigrants migrated to the U.S. mainly due to agricultural and industrial changes in their native countries that forced them out of their homes and in search of work. The authors discuss how a corrupt sheriff by the name of Joe Arpaio has been making the lives of Latin American immigrants living in Maricela County, Arizona, miserable. Arpaioo has harassed and treated the immigrants living in the county as if they’re
An African-American ethnography helps reveal African Americans’ cultural framework and values that guide their behaviors in a multitude of social contexts. A few noteworthy principles include the importance of family structures and education, the notion that limited resources result in missed opportunities and the idea that African-Americans are undervalued and not respected in society (Kennedy et. al., 2007). In America and European countries, Africans are always oppressed and experience tremendous counts of inequality. Inequality as defined in lecture is “a difference that is meaningful and results in or produces hierarchical power relations,” which renders African Americans unable to oppress non-Black people in the same sense that they are
For many new immigrants coming to America, it is difficult to adjust into the new society. Many come to America without the basic knowledge of English, the new immigrants do not have the ability assimilate to American society because of the lack of possible communication between the immigrant and an native. Non-English speaking immigrants that come to America face harsh challenges when trying to assimilate to U.S. society because immigrants are often segregated into ethnic communities away from natives, Americans do not know basics of words of other well known languages, and the lack of government funding education programs. Assimilation into a new society is difficult enough, but when the society pushes any new immigrants to separate part
“One of the greatest glories of the public school was its success in Americanizing immigrants” Christakis quoted Ravitch in paragraph 20 is what surprised me because I have never heard of this concept before. Personally, I believe that would depend on the student. For example, one of my friends is from the Democratic Republic of Congo (Africa) and at first she was not really Americanized, like she did not use slang, she was not procrastinating. But, as time went on she made more American friends and became accustomed to America that was when she did start using slang and procrastinating. I agree with Christakis when she said “public schools also provide students with crucial exposure to people of different backgrounds and perspectives.”
- Many of the people described in this volume live their lives in two or more nation‐states and are embedded in social networks that reach around the globe. These individuals continue to participate in the economic, social, political, and religious lives of their homelands even as they settle in new places. They send resources and remittances that continue to fundamentally shape the life circumstances and possibilities of those who remain behind. By so doing, they call into question long‐standing assumptions about the immigrant experience in the United States. One particularly useful notion is the idea of long‐distance nationalism.
The requirements of becoming a citizen in the United States have changed drastically over the last few centuries. Becoming a US citizen is a lengthy, stressful and expensive process. Parts of the process are based luck, while other parts are based on tests and interviews. Through history, the process of becoming a citizen has gotten harder and harder. Edwidge Danticat’s short story “Caroline’s Wedding”, the processing center at Ellis Island and the historical change of immigration laws show and compare the struggle of becoming a citizen in the United States.
America The Land of opportunity, still being said by many but is it really true? Many people even today leave their home countries in search of better life for themselves and their children so they come over to America. This was true during early 1900’s also called an Era of Industrialization when thousands of people of Mexican descent migrated to America from Mexico to find opportunities that they didn’t have back in Mexico. America was the land of opportunity to mexican people to an extent since it provided them with jobs, but along with the job they were handed with racial segregation, discrimination and exploitations. There were more cons than pros that came along with the opportunities.
The Latino culture places high value on family and relationships as the most important units of support, which contradicts the U.S. cultural value of individualism and self-sufficiency (Garcia et al., 2005). Familism, which refers to the feelings of loyalty, reciprocity, and solidarity towards members of the family, especially elders, serves as a protective factor for immigrant families as it is associated with prosocial behavior, lack of child abuse, and psychological well-being (Altschul and Lee, 2011; Arbona et al., 2010; Caplan, 2007; Ferrari, 2002; Sabina et al., 2015). Ferrari (2002) administered a demographic questionnaire and seven scales and checklists to 150 Latino, African American, and Caucasian parents. Findings showed that fathers who held familism in low regard were more likely to use physical punishment to discipline their children than fathers who valued familism more highly.