Carla Amurao extracted, “statistics reflect that these policies.. target students of color and those with a history of abuse, neglect, poverty or learning disabilities..” (Facts Sheet: How Bad Is the School-to-pipeline - pbs.org). Amurao concludes that racial is a situation, that when students are suspended they are put in a negative environment where they catch bad influence causing defamatory to their learning environment. This shows the statistics of the pipeline of color skins being most likely to end up in an unstable environment. In the meantime, “Teachers have been reported to give lower grades and use harsher disciplinary practices with students of color..” (Journal of Adolescent research). Regardless of teachers, the students will continue to be in a different state-of-mind if they are people of colored.
Minorities are underrepresented in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), and there are factors that contribute to this phenomenon. (Lancaster & Xu, 2017). One contributing factor to the underrepresentation of minorities in STEM is the achievement gap between minorities and whites. Unfortunately, many studies affirm that educators have low academic expectations for students of color (Olszewski-Kubilius, 2003). Thereby, students of color complete fewer advanced courses and less rigorous curriculum than their white counterparts (2003), and these advanced courses, specifically in mathematics, are required to enter into the STEM curricula at post-secondary institutions (Diemer, Marchand, McKellar, & Malanchuk, 2016).
At first glance this appears to be the case. One example is the Pygmalion effect, or that a student will work less to meet the perceived expectations of an individual; when a teacher expects less of a black student so the student underperforms to meet expectations (Finch et al. 4). In addition there was a strong association between AFQT scores and scores on each ASVAB component with level of education and AFQT scores have been known to correlate with education (Finch et al. 5).
They claim, “...students of color are showing that they feel disconnected from their respective schools, that implicit yet institutionalized racism creates emotional distance between them and their white peers and faculty. Being a black student on a predominantly white campus certainly, doesn’t guarantee that the student will develop mental-health issues. However, various studies suggest that perceived or actual discrimination can make it hard for students of color to engage with their campus in the way that their white peers do.” This explains how students sometimes feel like they don’t get enough support from their universities and this is dangerous because it can lead that student to drop out of school. According to “From the achievement Gap to the Education Debt: Understanding Achievement in U.S. Schools” claims
However, we realize that people who come across as being intellectual weren’t always labeled as that. The main argument is that perceived throughout the reading is that the schools itself is failing students. They see a student who may not have the greatest test scores or the best grades, and degrade them from the idea of being intellectual. Graff states, “We associate the educated life, the life of the mind, too narrowly and exclusively with subjects and texts that we consider inherently weighty and academic” (Graff 244). Schools need to channel the minds of street smart students and turn their work into something academic.
Teachers who are fully committed to multiculturalism and anti-racism may fail to see how their own beliefs and values may get in the way of their good intentions towards their Black students (Guess, 2006). As an example of the tensions inherent in Whiteness, White people will admit to being Americans, but are uncomfortable being White though they accept the privileges of Whiteness (Cullen, 2014). Something I noticed while interviewing Sara, was that anytime she had to say or refer to herself as White she said it quieter, almost as if she were afraid to say the word White or Caucasian out loud. In an attempt to understand racial disparities in education, educators must look deeper at Whiteness (Lund, 2015). Out of the three participants in this study only one of them appeared to realize the power of being White and what being White means in our society.
Introduction There is an ongoing abuse of the zero-tolerance policy that continues to affect the lives of minority girls in schools in the public and private school sector. The current literature supports data that show that minorities are severely impacted by the policies. However, there is a gap in the literature that addresses the magnitude of how minority girls are impacted by these policies. Furthermore, due to the zero-tolerance policies, cultural differences are not even considered. Due to a lack of a universally accepted definition of zero tolerance, there are only estimates of the frequency of enforcement (Daly, Hildenbrand, Haney-Caron, Goldstein, Galloway, and DeMatteo, 2016).
As seen with the video titled “The Race of Life” students who have both parents in their home are automatically given an advantage in school than those who are raised by single parent households (Section 2/14/18). This inhibits how many students receive education about how to participate in democracy, leaving them unable to engage in even the simplest civics related discussions. Students who are not wealthy receive unfair education to those who are. This inherent inequality is best stated in Richard Rothstein’s piece where he describes the different reasons students can be performing badly in school simply because of the socioeconomic status they were born into. He says “The individual predictors of low achievement are well documented… With fewer family resources, their college ambitions are constrained (Johnson, In Progress)” (Rothstein 2).
The inability to recognize white privilege helps to creates perception and ideals that racism in our society is a thing of the past. When racism and the cost of racism is recognized, Dr. Tatum explains one of her white students’ honest response was he a recognize how racism provided advantages for him, however, “he would not do anything to try to change the situation” (1571). What reason would individuals have to change injustice and inequality when it benefits them the most. This explains the reason why some in white society are reluctance to admit or seeing racism and white privilege, it is much easier to define the other groups as lazy and not taking advantage of the opportunity that are available to
They argue that the real issue lies with the fact that colleges rely too heavily on the SAT in admission decisions. Scores of studies have shown that the SAT and ACT are poor indicators of students’ future success in college. Despite this, many colleges will still use these tests to weed out students who scored low, students that they predict will perform poorly in college, regardless of their levels of achievement, academic or otherwise, outside of standardized testing. This results in high numbers of students of color, who traditionally score lower on standardized tests, getting left out of the admissions process - because they’re being predicted not to do
In a school environment, prejudice is always a call for the worse. When we say prejudice it is most commonly known to be relating to race. In my experiences at school, there were cases of prejudice based on academic performance. Whenever a teacher would assign a group assignment students with higher averages would join together leaving those with lower averages to group with each other. This usually negatively affects many friendships since one may care more about their marks than their friends.
No real benefit to students admitted under affirmative action programs exists, as these students often struggle to meet standards. This idea is part of the mismatch theory (Sander 4). Even though African American students are more likely to start college than white students from similar backgrounds, white students are less likely to drop out, and therefore, more likely to graduate (Sanders 4). Improper matching of students ability with rigor of a school causes this phenomenon. In order to meet racial admission quotas, a school may admit a student who does not necessarily meet all the requirements.
I have chosen to do this reading response of Lee’s piece about model minorities. This chapter focuses on stereotyping of Asian American students and the affects that that has. This piece starts off by discussing how there are two main stereotypes of Asian Americans and those are: being the foreigner and the model minority. Next, the piece discusses how Asian Americans are not seen as authentic, which has resulted in modifications to try and achieve the “American” standard of beauty. I believe that the central argument of this piece is showing that stereotyping Asian americans is detrimental to their education and their identity.
Classrooms for students of the lower minority were not properly fortified, and most of the students that were in these classrooms were not that efficient in reading as described in the article. Students were isolated as lower minority students rather than being conjoined with the white students who were seen as superiors. Being segregated as an African American while in school greatly affected students. The effects included prevention of “…social learning, the exposure of children to cultural practices other than their own, and ultimately greater racial interaction (Wells, 1995)” (Odis p. 200). Based on this quote, students were basically treated unfairly, and they were cut short of opportunities based on their