In The Inferno, Dante is the hero of the story. Dante is the man exiled from his home as a result of his political struggles and beliefs with the choice between evil and good. Dante’s heroism is in the form of humanity as he faces the challenge which all human beings struggle with. Dante’s courage is tested as he journeys through the rings of hell. According to Dante, “therefore look carefully; you’ll see such things/as would deprive my speech of all belief” (Alighieri, Dante. 1854).
In the Odyssey, Homer creates comparative relationships using metaphors and similes in order to expand upon themes. One interesting relationship in the epic is that between the poet and the hero. In this epic, the most prominent of the heroes are Odysseus and Telemakhos, and the most prominent poets are Demodokos and Homer. There are many different examples of relationships between the poet and the hero, but one of the more striking relationships is the similarity between the two. Through this comparison, Homer shows that both the poet and the hero cannot achieve greatness without pain or help, but instead need to suffer and need the help of an external guiding hand in order to achieve greatness.
Inferno Dante - Symbology Within The Poem Alison Wong Dante and Virgil are historical figures who have established themselves as poets, writers and philosophers through their achievement in ancient literature. Virgil is one of the greatest poets in the Augustan era , who passed away before Christ and the spread of Christianity. Virgil is seen in Inferno as a great poet whom Dante admires greatly. Within the poem, Dante receives much inspiration from Virgil and also constantly displays his respect and admiration for him throughout the whole of the text. This essay will reveal Virgil 's function in Inferno as a mentor and guide for Dante through hell, and also show Virgil 's influence in Dante 's literature.
God’s Justice in Inferno One of the most significant themes, if not the most significant theme within Dante’s Inferno is the perfection of God’s divine justice. Dante expressees divine justice within Inferno in a multitude of ways, with one of the the most prominent examples being the overall structure of Hell and how the punishment for the sinners (perfectly) reflects upon the sin. To the modern reader, Hell likely seems more like an act of cruelty than divine justice, much less a product of God’s love. At first,the torments that the sinners are subjected to seems extreme and grotesque.
The Inferno is a production that Dante made to show his ideas on divine justice of God. At that time, Dante was the most famous one in the world of poetry. As Dante describes, Hell is contained of nine sins’ circles following in order from Limbo, Lust, Gluttony, Greed, Anger, Heresy, Violence, Fraud, and Treachery. Base on how serious the sin is, the person will be received an appropriate punishment. The poem starts out with Dante lost direction in misty wood.
In his epics The Iliad and The Odyssey, Homer provides an even-handed portrait of the heroes Achilles and Odysseus. By choosing not to idealize these heroes, Homer provides an insight into the values of ancient Greek culture; both Achilles and Odysseus represent prized characteristics, but also illustrate the dangers of hubris and excessive individualism. Both Achilles and Odysseus cause numerous deaths through their own inflated sense of individualism and pride, but both also illuminate the benefits of their personal strengths when faced with problems throughout The Iliad and The Odyssey. Odysseus, in The Odyssey, thinks he knows what’s best for himself and his men, which on occasion is true, but just as often leads to issues that he could have easily avoided with proper communication. For example, when Odysseus and his crew encounter the Lotus-Eaters, he acts on their behalf, to their benefit: I hauled them back
This can be done because epic heroes often embody the characteristics found to be ideal to the society in which they were created. For example, Homer and the Greeks likely regarded skill in battle to be an honorable and ideal characteristic. The Iliad clearly depicts this through the epic battle between Achilles and Hector when the two charged at each other and Hector “...drew the whetted sword that hung at his side” (Beers 62) while Achilles “...bursting with rage” (Beers 62). This same idea is shown at several points throughout the Odyssey when Odysseus must overcome challenges presented by the most deadly of monsters. Similarly, the ideal characteristics of Anglo-Saxon society are present throughout the epic of Beowulf.
Hell has been an idea passed from the first christians, a sort of boogeyman story to keep those away from societal bads, sins. Although it is described as the worst most gruesome pun-ishment to ever be, the ultimate price to pay with your eternal, everlasting soul, not a soul has stuck the fear deeper than Dante. His extremely fitting, well thought out punishments await sinners in Hell. Each a custom fit for every sin, from Non christians who lived rather virtuous lives being treated to a generic downgrade heavenly castle, to gluttons living in vile self degrading snow, to the most heinous sinners being frozen deep in the coldest ice, the punishments that the tortured souls are forced to endure as reprimanded for their unspeakable acts are
The Odyssey is a fantastic story full of interesting characters, conflicts, and theme. The Odyssey was written by Homer who was a blind poet. It was written in the 8th century B.C during a time of Greek god worship. With intricate characters, exciting conflicts, and an impressive theme the Odyssey is an amazing book for anyone. Odysseus showed the heroism of a mighty hero buy his heroism was not without foibles.
According to Aristotle,“Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not narrative; with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish katharsis of such emotions…” From this it can be seen that “Oedipus the King”, is tragedy written by Sophocles which portrays king Oedipus as a heroic figure whose life was ultimately doom before it began. Scene two, which comprises of characters such as Oedipus, the leader and Tiresias is where this doom though already known by most is no longer hinted at but directly revealed. In this scene, Oedipus calls for Tiresias a well-known and beloved prophet to help him find the murderer of dead king Laius as “The truth lives inside him [and] him alone” (Sophocles 175). However, upon Tiresias’ arrival he refuses to speak on the truth as it make cause him his life but is push to anger by Oedipus and reveals all.
In conclusion, Sophocles’ character Oedipus was able to meet each one of Aristotle’s requirements in order to be named a tragic hero. “Tragedy in the ordinary sense, or something close to it, is that which merits, or aspires to merit, a tragic response” (Currie, 2010). The chorus of the play excruciates the tragic fate of Oedipus. Moreover, the four rules by Aristotle clearly sum up that Oedipus is a tragic hero because of his struggles and the realization of his failures. In the end, the story of Oedipus’ tragedy reminds man that no matter how hard he does his best, the inevitable of failure cannot be overcome.
“On wrongs swift vengeance awaits” (Pope). Agree or not, these wise words from Alexander Pope describe well what Homer’s The Odyssey is about. In this novel, characters often seek vengeance for things or people they have lost. This is shown through Poseidon’s actions to Odysseus and his men after they stab the Cyclop’s eye, Odysseus’s men being killed by Zeus after they eat Helios’s cattle and Odysseus killing all of the suitors once he returns to Ithaca.
One of the founding principles in the Iliad is the Homeric code. The hero’s belief that honor is more important than anything, even death. They strive for this allusive concept of immortality through the deeds they accomplish and the honor that they are able to attach to their name and lineage. It is a theme that helps to carry the story line along and gives a viable reason for his characters to act on certain ways. A Homeric character does not fear death in its entirety; instead he fears the shame of a dishonorable death and not achieving that allusive perfection that they seek to define themselves as.
The Iliad by Homer is perhaps one of the greatest literary works ever crafted. Having remained culturally relevant for thousands of years, the epic poem depicts life and death in the midst of war. However, Homer’s tale isn’t really about physical war. Instead, Homer expertly crafts a tale about the war each human fights when they determine his or her values. On one side of the war is Achilleus, self-centered and emotional, doing only what pleases him.
Achilles vs Hektor The Iliad, an epic poem by Homer, takes place in the tenth year of the Trojan War. Recalling important events that take place bringing the war to an end the poem uses figurative language and literary devices to enhance its characters, presenting similarities and differences between how the characters handle specific situations and how they deal with the concept of masculinity. For example Homer uses the method of literary foils. A foil is a character that depicts traits that differ with the traits of another character. In The Iliad, Achilles and Hektor are foil characters.