The salt that ends up in the ponds, streams, and rivers adds a layer of salt water, which restrains nutrients away from underwater vegetation and organisms (Beaudry, Frederic). The chemicals cause many different reactions to the vegetation, which results in the plants dying. The harmful effects of sodium chloride and other chemicals can damage vegetations development and can cause plants to die. After road salt is applied to major highways, there is a considerable amount of salt left over and the residue can cause serious problems on the environment. When road salt is being used it should be more controlled and the amount should be managed so that there are no left-over chemicals on the road that could cause damage.
When topsoil becomes eroded during heavy rains, it washes away nutrient rich soil needed by plants for growth. This limits the amount of vegetation on an area which subsequently leads to further erosion of soil and therefore soil degradation. Animals may lose habitats and food sources due to lack of plants to feed on and this will affect the natural species population in these areas (Mack, 2017). When loose sediment is combined with water, natural disasters
This will lead to the soil losing its fertility over time. Most importantly the removal of trees in forests adds to the high levels of carbon dioxide and when there is too much of this greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, global warming may
SO2 (g) + H2O (l) → H2SO3 (aq) In the presence of O2 and O3 sunlight, sulfur dioxide is oxidized to sulfur trioxide. SO2 (g) + 1/2 O2 (g) → SO3(g) With moisture, sulfur oxides can be converted to sulfuric acid, which is a strong acid. 2 SO2 (g) + O2(g) + 2 H2O(l) → H2SO4 (aq) SO3(g) + H2O (l) → H2SO4 (aq) As well as oxides of sulfur, oxides of nitrogen also cause acid rain: In the absence of oxygen, nitrogen dioxide can dissolve in water and produce a mixture of nitrous acid (HNO2 ) which is a very weak acid and nitric acid (HNO3) which is a strong acid. 2NO2 (g) + H2O (l) → HNO2 (aq) + HNO3 (aq) In the presence of oxygen and moisture, nitrogen dioxide can be converted to nitric acid through a series of complicated reactions. This can be summarized as: 4NO2 (g) + 2H2O (l) + O2(g → 4 HNO3 (aq) EFFECTS OF ACID RAIN: Acid rain affects humans, aquatic life, materials, soil, vegetation and visibility.
Nutrient pollution coming from agricultural runoff and other fertilizers allows for the growth of species that upset the balance of the ecosystem such as Cattail, harmful algae bloom, and duckweed. The sulfur in the agricultural fertilizers leads to accumulation of toxic mercury in fish, birds, and mammals. Also, exotic animals or invasive species displaced native and threatens to disrupt the ecosystem balance. The purpose of this experiment is to determine how the water quality affects the Everglades ecosystem and how water pollution impacts different species. Urbanization is a big threat that contributes to poor water quality in water pollution.
Land pollution causes the land’s productivity and potential to decline to such a level that the purpose of utilising lands for building infrastructures, housings, services, agriculture, forestry and many more for the development of human being are no longer achievable (Prabhakar, 2012). Land pollution are resulted by some sources which are deforestation, mining and construction activities. Deforestation appears to be the major concern as once the land is converted into dry lands, it can hardly be made fertile again. Those areas inevitably end up as waste lands. Mining requires the removal of topsoil containing valuable organic matters.
Trees hold the carbon dioxide in, so once they are damaged, they will release the carbon dioxide. Climate change is not only harmful to the environment but also to living species. Climate change can bring about droughts and to make matters worse, “deforestation encourages higher levels of water consumption for livestock and crops” (“17 Important Pros and Cons of deforestation”). There is this cycle that goes on, as deforestation continues to occur, climate change effects become more prominent since it can result in more utilization of water. This will then cause less water to be available, and result in climate change creating droughts; the environment is getting damaged.
Some people call it acid deposition because they say it is a more precise name due to the fact that acid rain isn’t only rain, it can fall as rain, snow, sleet, hail and anything else. Acid rain has been formed because as we release harmful gases into the atmosphere, we are lowering the pH of precipitation, creating acid rain. Acid rain can kill small organisms such as trees and fish which destroys ecosystems. Although acid rain is not known to affect humans immensely, it can however, cause health issues usually lung
Research question: Will the level of acidity of the rain have an effect on the corrosion of limestone, as measured by change in mass of marble chips in a beaker? Introduction: Acid rain is any form of precipitation due to excess or elevated levels of hydrogen ions. It is also a process by which acid particles leave the atmosphere. Natural rain has a pH of 5.6; this is due to the presence of carbonic acid by the mixture of carbon dioxide dissolved in water in the atmosphere. H2O + CO2 → H2CO3 The carbonic acid molecules immediately dissociate in water to form hydrogen carbonate ions: HCO3−, and hydronium ions, H3O+: H2CO3 + H2O → HCO3− + H3O+ The deposition of acid like sulfuric and sulfurous make rain water acidic this is from the sulfur
Fertilizers remove the nutrients of the soil damaging the soil and the local environment and after being mixed with the soil, gradually reduce the fertility of the soil. In the study of (Southland) using fertilizers consists of substances and chemicals like methane, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and nitrogen, the emission of which has contributed to a great extent in the quantity of greenhouse gases present in the environment. These facts are alarming and a serious step needs to be taken as soon as possible to avoid more severe consequences. This in turn is leading to global warming and weather changes. The use of fertilizers for growth and cultivation is keeping our stomach filled for now, but then if things keep on progressing the way they are, it won’t take long to see the times where there is lack of food, water, and health.