Acid Rain: The Cause And Effects Of Acid Rain

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The increase of acid rain is increasingly proving to be a very distressing global issue. Acid rain defines any type of precipitation with excessive quantities of nitric and sulfuric acids. The formation of acid rain can be expressed by the equations: H2O(l) + SO2(g) ==> H2SO3(g) and 2NO2(g) + H2O(l) ==> HNO3(aq) + HNO2(g). It can appear in the form of fog, snow, and tiny bits of dry substance that settle on Earth. The biggest cause of acid rain is the burning and combustion of fossil fuels by factories, power plants, and automobiles. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) records in "Clearinghouse for Inventories and Emissions Factors” that roughly 70% of SO2 releases formed in 2006 were caused by fuel combustion via fossil-fueled electrical utilities. Highway automobiles were the chief source of NOx releases, responsible for 36% of the total amount of emissions in 2006.…show more content…
Such chemical gases react with oxygen, water, and other elements to create mild solutions of nitric and sulfuric acids. Winds might increase the range by which these acidic solutions throughout the atmosphere. When acid rain has reached Earth, it courses through the surface of Earth in runoff water, submits itself into water systems, and penetrates into the ground. "Acid Rain Facts, Acid Rain Information, Acid Rain Pictures, Acid Rain Effects - National

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