Introduction: Rain is one of the most essential ingredients for the survival of human and animal life on Earth. Although rain is naturally acidic, it is being increasingly acidified by the presence of pollutants in the environment. The term used to describe this problem is “acid rain”  Burning of fossil fuels for industrial and transport sector have led to increase in concentrations of gaseous and particulate pollutants in the atmosphere leading to air pollution.  The oxides of Carbon, Sulfur and Nitrogen present in the air combine with the moisture in the air and form sulphuric acid, carbonic acid and nitric acid, respectively. When it rains or snow, these acids are brought to the earth in what is called acid rain.
The first major environmental damage that sugar causes is pollution. Indeed, sugar mills impact the environment by damaging significant natural areas by producing solid waste, wastewater, emissions and flue gases (World Wildlife Fund, 2016). Moreover, the burning of sugar cane leads to soil degradation by which the quality of the soil decreases and it is also responsible for as much as 30% of the cane nitrogen removal (“Sugar And The Environment”, 2004). Additionally, industrial waste from sugar processing flows into water and leads to the pollution of rivers and seas as well as to massive fish kills (World Wildlife Fund, 2016). Besides water pollution, sugarcane processing causes air pollution from burning sugar canes (Vaughan, 2000).
Acid rain causes lake pollution and acidification, which would later also lead to the damage of trees and many different forest soils. Furthermore, it increases or accelerates the rate of the decay of building materials and paints, including statues and sculptures that are in fact may be a part of a nation 's culture. Despite such a problem that threatens the environmental life and the people 's lives themselves, chemists were able to find various solutions for this particular issue. To begin with, chemists noticed that almost all of the electricity powers that powers our modern life come from burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas which would give out sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX). Therefore, there are several options for reducing SO2 emissions, such as using coal that contains less sulfur, washing it, and using devices that
Introduction Acid rain is rain that is acidic, meaning that it possesses elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH). It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals and infrastructure. Acid rain is caused by the emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, that react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids. The chemicals in acid rain can cause paint to peel, corrosion of steel structures such as bridges, and erosion of stone statues. Acid Rain have always been a problem for many countries.
With an upcoming development and world’s global climate change are causing many degradation of water and its sources. Water resources and its reservoirs are greatly being affected by anthropogenic action or natural phenomenon. When talking about water pollution, we should consider that it is not only about water quality but also about water quantity. Water pollution in Japan had been issue even before the industrialization, especially during “Japan’s Meji Period (1868-1912)”, when “Ashio Copper Mine” dumped huge amount of waste water into Watarase River and greatly hamper the residents (Water Environmental Management in Japan, n.a). It seems that with industrialization and urbanization, the water problem become more severe in Japan.
Industrial corporations have continuously used bodies of water to their advantage by having their factories use water as an energy source and trash bin. Toxic chemicals are released by these factories and sometimes directly dumped back into the water. Aquatic plants benefit from the carbon dioxide released by factories, but too much can harm the biodiversity of that ecosystem and other marine life and acidity levels will also rise. A bigger population means more consumption and as the human consumption has increased throughout the years, landfills have been overflowed by large amounts of trash. When liquids and other materials begin to degrade, they release a juice that can be toxic if consumed.
Cause of acid rain Scientists have discovered that air pollution from burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Acid rain usually forms high in the clouds where sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides react with water, oxygen, and oxidants. this mixture forms a mild solution of sulfuric acid and nitric acid. Sunlight increases the rate of most of these reactions. Rainwater, snow, fog, and other forms of precipitation containing those mild solutions of sulfuric and nitric acids fall to earth as acid rain.
Acid Rain is a form of precipitation that has high levels of hydrogen ions, and minimum ph. Acid rain can be harmful to plants and animals. The terrible chemicals in acid rain is sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which happens when molecules of water in the atmosphere to make acids. The chemicals in acid rain can peel paint from cars and cause corrosion. acid rain is incredibly power and terrible for our eco system.
Although China is the main concern, the air pollution throughout the world is also detrimental as “98% of cities in low- and middle-income countries with more than 100,000 inhabitants do not meet WHO air quality guidelines. However, in high-income countries, that percentage decreases to 56%” (“Air pollution,” 2016, para. 2). The reason that air pollution is extremely harmful is that of its increased risk of lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, and chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including
Sulphur dioxide that makes air toxic is produced by the burning of coal in everyday normal activities that make the smoke produced by factories, cars and of burning wood. Abnormalities like global warming and acid rain are caused by the release of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases to the air. This is not only causing environmental degradation but it also has a huge effect of the human health. It can cause a noticeable increase in respiratory problems like asthma and lung cancer. By breathing contaminated air,