Reverse palmaris longus was first described by Captain John T. Morrison in 1916 as an incidental post amputation finding .It may cause compartment syndrome in the Carpal tunnel and Guyons canal. The patient will present with pain and edema in the wrist region. This is an occupational hazard in people whose work involves repetitive wrist movements as it will result in hypertrophy and cause compression of median nerve and or ulnar nerve. This makes the modern day computer professional particularly vulnerable. Symptomatic patients presenting with a palpable volar swelling should be examined for variations in the palmaris longus.
Environmental material such as sand, dust, and dirt can exacerbate skin in contact with the prosthetic and impeded the functionality of the individual. Specifically, for people with lower extremity amputations, some physical demanding jobs that require repeated climbing, pushing, and walking should be evaluated and altered as necessary. Consideration for the increased energy required to manipulate a prosthetic device may also be considered as part of the physical demands of the vocation. One final vocational consideration, that is also psychosocial, is that individuals with upper extremity amputations may have a greater need to consider the cosmetics of the prosthetic. Nevertheless, the specific tasks required of the job (e.g., heavy lifting) must also be considered (Falvo & Holland,
When the tendon is overused chronically without given adequate time to heal, tendinosis known as Jumper’s Knee can occur in response to the damage. Conventionally, jumper’s knee can be noted as a patellofemoral pain syndrome. The teno-osseous junctions, where the attachments of the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon occur, are the impacted areas under this condition. The described patellar pain affects the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon inserted either into the tibial tuberosity or the patella (Curwin and Stanish, 1984). Thus, by definition, histologically, jumper’s knee
The third group would involve a deep abrasion with loss of skin, subcutaneous cover and tendon substance. The fourth group involves a few features such as transepiphyseal plate fracture in children, hyperflexion injury with fracture of articulatng surface of less than half and hyperextension injury with fracture of articulating surface more than half along with early or late volar subluxation of the distal phalanx (Parvizi & Kim, 2010, p.286). Other signs and symptoms of mallet finger would be a pop or rip sensation felt in the affected finger during time of injury. Immediately after injury, pain can be felt when the injured finger is moved. The individual might also find passive movement of the finger possible but it is difficult to straighten the bent finger at the last joint with their own strength.
The sensitization of peripheral and central neuronal structures amplifies the pain and sustains postoperative pain (International Association for the Study of Pain [IASP], 2011). Acute pain can cause significant physiological and psychological effects. The physiological effects of acute pain involve changes in cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, metabolic, gastrointestinal and hemostasis (Pain Community Center.org, 2013). The patients’ experience of acute pain can be explained by pain theories such as gate control theory (Moayedi & Davis, 2013). Theories of pain There are a number of theories that have been postulated to describe the
This will cause pinching between the shoulder blade and the arm bone when you try to move your shoulders. Shoulder impingements can arise as a result of the repetitive use of the shoulders or when you fall. Like the name suggests, a rotator cuff tear arises when a tendon or a rotator cuff muscle actually tears. These tears can either be a minor one or very sever, depending on the affected tissue and the thickness and depth of the tear. Just like shoulder impingements, tears are caused by the wearing down of the muscles of rotator cuffs overtime, or by acute traumas.
External periocular soft tissue and determine global integrity must be done before proceeding ocular functioning test. Some signs of possible globe rupture are 360of subconjunctival hemorrhage, misshapen pupil (peaked, corectopia), and at anterior chamber. If the globe is intact, the next most important exam element is the eye pressure. A slit-lamp examination can be another way to further evaluate the cornea and retina. With a slit-lamp associ- ated injuries such as corneal abrasions, lens dislocations, hyphema, commotio retinae, and retinal detachments.
DEFINITION Paget disease is defined as a disease that involves destruction of abnormal bone. This disease occur when overactivity of osteoclastic and also followed by compensatory of osteoblastic activity that lead to a struture of the bone ( woven bone ). Usually affected skull, pelvis, femur, tibia, and lumbar spine ( http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/334607-overview ) ( http://photos1.blogger.com/blogger/6305/3126/320/paget.jpg ) DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Paget disease is classified as inflammatory disease and congenital disease. Inflammatory disease is
The central cord syndrome occurs due to a spinal cord injury. When the person is affected loss of sense and motions of hands and legs is a common symptom. The central cord syndrome occurs due to the damage in the gray matter area of the spinal cord. In spinal stenosis is rare disorder which shows a narrowing of spinal cord in the foramen. It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia.
There are different types of hernia, these includes, inguinal, umbilical, femoral, hiatus hernias, other types of hernia that can affect the abdomen are: - Incisional hernias which occurs when tissues pokes through a surgical wound in the abdomen that has not fully healed. - Epigastric hernia: these occurs when fatty tissues pokes through the abdomen between the navel and the lower part of the breastbone (sternum). - Spigelian hernias: these occurs when part of the bowel pushes through the abdomen at the side of the abdominal muscle, below the navel. - Diaphragmatic hernias: this is when organ in the abdomen moves into the chest cavity and push through an opening in the diaphragm. This can affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly during their foetal stage, but it can also affect adults.
However imaging has to be done to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other pathology. Anteroposterior pelvis x-ray is done to identify bony abnormalities, calcifications, avulsion of greater trocanter, loss of joint space, pincer lesions, acetabular dysplasia and other pathology. Dynamic ultrasonography diagnoses snapping phenomenon. it also detect associated pathology such as tendinitis, bursitis or muscle tears[43,44].Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) is important investigation to diagnose soft tissues pathology surrounding the hip.Iliopsoas bursitis, trochantric bursitis and abductor muscle(gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensior fascialata)tear can be diagnosed by MRI. In this study we retrospectively reviewed the result of endoscopy surgery for the release of multiple fibrosis of iliotibial band or gluteus maximus for the treatment of external snapping hip.
This could cause damage to the soft tissue around it, and increased stress on the knees. Genu Recurvatum can happen in many ways, the most common being genetic (Speck, 2014). There are three types of genu recurvatum; internal rotary deformity recurvatum, external rotary deformity recurvatum, and non-rotatory deformity recurvatum. Each type could lead
Name: Horner 's syndrome Overview: The syndrome of Horner is a neuro-ophthalmological that develops after an interruption of nerve fibers nice ranging from the hypothalamus to eye. Possible damage to the central level that causes this syndrome is the lesion, compression or ischemia of the brain stem. Other conditions that determine the Horner syndrome is syringomyelia and some cancers marrow or brain (eg. neuroblastoma). Interruptions devices, however, can result from head and neck trauma, cervical lymphadenopathy, lung tumors Pancoast, aortic dissection or carotid artery and thoracic aortic aneurysm.
Often the professional activities and sports can affect the evolution of the disease. For instance, it is found frequently osteoarthritis of the shoulder, elbow and hand in those who are involved the use of jackhammers. In any case it is to be aware of other causes, such as the age, which entails a loss of elasticity and the onset of osteoporosis. There are some diseases that affect the endocrine system and which may be considered influential, such as diabetes mellitus and gout. Obesity is an important risk factor.
The deformation known as clubfoot is a standout amongst the most widely recognized birth imperfections including the musculoskeletal framework. It presents intrinsic dysplasia of every single musculoskeletal tissue distal to the knee. It is a deformity in which the foot is twisted so that the sole cannot be placed flat on the ground. Understanding the microscopic structure of diseased tissues that characterize clubfoot are very important areas of research. The major component of the ligament, muscle, tendon, bone and joint cartilage involved in clubfoot is collagen.