3.1) Theories of Behaviour Management Behaviour management is a tool, a system, generates learning environment to encourage positive behaviour and minimise the opportunity for negative conduct to occur. It is like modifying and change learner's action in a positive manner where the primary focus lies on maintaining order. Many theorists presented their views in their research work on the understanding of the nature of the behaviour BILL ROGER is an education consultant and author present his work on behaviour management, discipline, effective teaching, and stress management etc. and also lectures widely covers the topic to both the learner and the teacher for the challenges facing in leadership in educational premises. Bill Roger recommended
In the Educational Leadership article entitle “The Boss of My Brain”, authors Donna Wilson and Marcus Conyers examines the explicit instruction in metacognition. Researchers stated that “explicit instruction in metacognition puts students in charge of their learning.” It was also stated that “meta-cognition supports learning by enabling us to actively think about which cognitive strategies can help achieve learning, how we should apply those strategies, how we can review our progress, and whether we need to adjust our thinking.” I believe this a unique teaching tool for teachers to implement with their students. With the use of metacognition, students whether they are struggling learners or gifted can learn how to use a variety of cognitive strategies to help improve their learning.
“Preventative discipline” involves the development of effective teaching strategies, tactics, organisation and planning by the teacher. Understanding the power of words and what teachers model to the learner Rogers terms “corrective discipline” and lastly, “supportive discipline” is described as creating a positive and enriched learning environment that also includes the student in developing resolutions to discipline issues (Rogers p. 4). However, Rogers asserts, it is the teacher’s philosophical position, both implicit and explicit, that will be
According to Wagner, humanistic approach is primarily a reaction to the two major views of humanity which are the Freudian perspective and the behavioral perspective thus humanitaristic approach is the “third force”. Humanistic approach highly gives emphasis to the individual that learning how to learn is more important than acquiring factual knowledge. Teachers can play their role in helping the students how to learn and their thinking gives emphasis rather than teachers’ teaching determination. Likewise, the Multiple Intelligence (MI) theory is also a very useful model for developing any systematic approach for nurturing and training learners and respecting their individual needs and strengths within a classroom setting. According to Emmer and Evertson (2009) multiple intelligence aids teachers in easily creating more personalized and diversified instructional experiences.
Educators create classrooms that become democratic communities by valuing thoughts and individual needs. This A supervisor needs to get to know their people by asking questions with genuine curiosity. to This is not far from what effective supervision creates on a campus by the same means. A supervisor build trust be being reliable and present. A supervisor creates a dynamic school community not by
The work of John Franklin Bobbitt and Ralph Tyler very much advocate Product curricular designs, maintaining that these designs are centred on the creation of a disciplined and “structured learning environment for students” (O’Neill 2015, p). The Product Model can be regarded as the historically tested and more ‘traditional’ method of developing curriculum. Teacher planning and the presentation of learning intentions to students is core to the
Introduction It is important as teacher that we provide an environment that maximizes student learning. Thesis: A school designed a combined program between teachers. Mr Gino a secondary teacher decided to collaborate with Mrs Vans a primary teacher. Using this scenario, we can understand the significant contribution of Piaget and Vygotsky as well as their limitations. Influences of Cognitive Development Piaget’s major achievement is his understanding of cognitive development.
Self-determination theory (SDT) assumes that inherent in human nature is the propensity to be curious about one’s environment and interest in learning and developing one’s knowledge (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009). However, educators introduce external controls into learning climates, which can undermine the sense of relatedness between teachers and students, and stifle the natural, volitional processes involved in high-quality learning (Wroten, 2014). The theory identifies that students are intrinsically motivated to learn and that educators should capitalize on this desire when designing instructions. Further, SDT suggests that teachers can capitalize on internal motivation by supporting student curiosity and their desire for autonomy. If educators can find ways to support autonomous motivation in the delivery of instruction, then optimal learning can be achieved (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009).
Introduction of these educational changes like school reform, teaching and teacher professionalism is possible through new curricula. In order to design , develop and disseminate this new curriculum we need a specialized development team but we must be aware that during the era of education reform, effective utilization of this new curriculum lies in the hands of regular teachers. By the actions that the educational system take, when it introduces this new curriculum, it can cause serious resistance to the changes. Resistance to educational change can be defined as students ' and teachers ' affective, cognitive and behavioral specific responses or acts of opposing or struggling with modifications because there is a vested interest in maintaining the status quo(Bemmels and Reshef, 1991; Van den Heuvel, 2009). Teachers resist change when it is introduced to them poorly, when it affects how they do their work, and when they don 't see the need for the changes.
School and teachers can influence the extent and quality of learning for all students. Teacher’s beliefs, practices and attitudes are important for understanding and improving educational processes. They are closely linked to teachers’ strategies for coping with challenges in their daily professional life. Educators have control over numerous factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of students. They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences.