The sensing element essentially is a proof mass (also known as seismic mass). The proof mass is attached to a spring of stiffness k which in turn connected to its casing. Further, a dash pot is also included in a system to provide desirable damping effect; otherwise system might oscillate at its natural frequency. When the system is subjected to linear acceleration, a force equaling to mass times the acceleration acts on the proof-mass. This causes the mass to deflect; the deflection is sensed by a suitable means and is converted into an equivalent electrical signal.
Physically, Poly (ether sulphone) appears as a semitransparent material (with transparency in the range of 76%) on account of its being amorphous. Being amorphous also gives it a higher dimensional stability as it does not shrink too much upon cooling. Poly (ether sulphone) is highly resistant to attack my chemical agents including but not limited to alkalis, acids and various concentrated electrolytes. Poly (ether sulphone) is stable under the pH range of 2 – 14. In addition, Poly (ether sulphone) is stable in oxidizing agents and various non-polar solvents.
¬¬¬¬¬¬Abstract Electrical circuits are described with mathematical expressions. Usually, it is possible to calculate the currents and voltages in a circuit by solving a set of equations, the calculations are required to design a safe circuit.and this is one reason why advanced mathematics is so important in the field of electrical engineering. The circuit equations can be determined using Ohm’s Law, which gives the relationship between voltage and current in a resistor (V=IR), and Kirchhoff’s Current and Voltage Laws, which govern the currents entering and exiting a circuit node and the sum of voltages around a circuit loop, respectively. Objective(s) The purpose of this experiment is to verify Ohm's Law using resistor in dc and ac circuits.
MR fluids require small voltages and current, while ER fluids require very large voltage and very small currents. According to the experts, MR fluids have become a widely studied “smart” fluid due to its less consumption of energy. The fluid that is transferring from top to bottom or from bottom to top must pass through the MR valve. The MR valve is fixed size orifice with ability to apply a magnetic field to the orifice volume. This magnetic field changes the viscosity of MR fluid, which will cause change in flow rate.
Another definition for electromagnets are solenoids wound around a central iron core. The magnetic field generated by the coil of wire magnetizes the core, increasing the total field. The difference in simple terms: a solenoid is a long, thin helical loop of wire. An electromagnet is a magnet whose magnetic properties depend on an electric current. A solenoid is just a coil of wire, but when you run a current through it, you create an electromagnet.
If steel wool is made of fine strands of steel, and steel is a form of metal, metal is known to be a good conductor of heat because of the close packing of the metal ions in the lattice and the delocalised electrons that can carry kinetic energy through the lattice. That’s why steel wool was predicted to be the best insulator to keep heat in and the stubby was predicted to be the best cooling insulator. THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE(S) The independent variables can be changed such as the different types of materials used which are the steel wool, the bubble wrap and the stubby. THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE The dependent variable is the type that can’t be changed. In this practical the dependent variable is the temperature.
For the directions 11 and 33 it is reciprocal of the modulus of elasticity. It is given in the following form: SE11 denotes the elastic compliance for stress and strain perpendicular to the polarization direction under a constant electric field. f) Piezoelectric coupling “k” This coefficient “represents the ability of a piezoceramic material to transform electrical energy to mechanical energy and vice versa”. This applied to piezoelectric materials in general, not only piezoceramics in
INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Fundamentals of capacitor Capacitor is very useful component in the field of engineering and it is used in various electrical and electronic circuitries. Capacitor stores energy in the form of electric field. Capacitor also known as condensers which stores energy when charge and release energy when discharge . There are different forms of capacitors which are used widely, but common thing about this all capacitors is that they are made of two conductors separated by single layer dielectric of uniform thickness .
This increases the duration of the period of the structure and thereby serves as the purpose of base isolation system. The bearing is cycled into a hysteric damping as it absorbs the energy. LRB has a range of damping from 15% to 30% which is a function of displacement. Figure 4 show the alternating sheet of steel shims and rubbers circumscribing a lead