Bacterial gastroenteritis tends to develop as the result of poor hygiene. Thus, gastroenteritis could be likely diagnosis given the patients unsanitary living conditions. 2. Salmonellosis: Supported by complaints of diarrhea,vomiting, and poor hygiene (Stated in social history). Salmonella is commonly transmitted through contaminated food by unwashed hands.
Title of the proposal: Chronic diarrhea in the outpatient department: evaluation of demographic and clinical characteristics. Background: Chronic diarrhoea in adult is a common gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by various degrees of abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Most patients have long-standing symptoms . It is defined as the abnormal passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day for more than four weeks . This definition based on symptoms led to an overlap between functional bowel disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome  and organic causes.
DIARRHEA Definition and Overview Diarrhea is a medical condition where the patient has at least three loose or liquid bowel movements a day. It is one of the most common diseases experienced by any age group, and is especially common in children. The most significant complication of diarrhea is dehydration. Dehydration is a condition resulting from massive loss of body water and electrolytes. When diarrhea ensues, body fluid and electrolytes are eliminated by the body before they are adequately absorbed.
Escherichia coli usually colonizes the gastrointestinal tract of infants after birth (Nataro,2012). E. coli cause various diseases like bloody diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps because E. coli produce a toxin that can damage the lining of the small intestines. We usually encountered E .coli when we ate undercooked food and when we swallow a mouthful of contaminated pool water(kaper,2010) Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for bacteria skin infections of humans.have mechanism against host defense that promotes colonization and infection of skin (Pollack,2013).S. aureus are usually lives in throat, skin and in the nose. It colonizes about 30% of population and it is one of the leading causes of infection like endocarditis and sepsis.
Most people who die from diarrhoea actually die from severe dehydration. Children who are malnourished or have impaired immunity as well as people living with HIV are most at risk of life-threatening diarrhoea. Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day . Frequent passing of formed stools is not diarrhoea, nor is the passing of loose, "pasty" stools by breastfed babies. Diarrhoea is a symptom of an infection in the intestinal tract but not all the time.
1.3 Literature Review Pneumonia Morbidity and Mortality burden among under- five children Morbidity: Incidence and Prevalence The rate of new pneumonia infections is high among children aged less than five years worldwide. The 2012 -Bulletin of world health organization (WHO) reported that 0.26 episodes per child-year of pneumonia was estimated worldwide with the significant variation in the incidence of pneumonia across WHO regions .The incidence of pneumonia infection estimated in developing countries by the same report to be 0.29 episodes in developing countries, which can be translated to about 151.76 million deaths annually (8). In Ethiopia ,there are very few studies carried out so far on the prevalence of pneumonia and its
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND INFORMATION Gastrointestinal infections can occur when the food that we eat and ingested are contaminated with harmful organisms and so called ‘food poisoning’. Food can be contaminated with numbers of pathogens which includes viruses ,bacteria and parasites that actually causing harm to our bodies and if not well treated can kill people which is in rare cases and usually happens in undeveloped countries. These pathogenic organisms enters the body via mouth and then travels into the stomach and intestines. Before symptoms can be appears, the incubation period will be first occurs which usually may last from hours to days. Food borne illness can also
It is among the common disease all over the world which affects most people. However not serious it may be a sign of severe main disease if it persists prolong and after typical treatments. What causes diarrhea? Diarrhea may be caused by some factors some of which are : • Bacteria or perhaps parasites: It is among
First, it should be noted that no other mammal other than humans continues to drink milk during their adulthoods. Even though many individuals are partially adapted to using dairy as a food source, by being able to process lactose even after infanthood, there are still people in many parts of the world that are lactose intolerant and there are other possibly substances in milk such as possibly immune-reaction causing proteins, hormones from the animals or even artificial growth hormones as well as antibiotics. The milk products that can usually be bought in supermarkets and which are consumed by the majority of the population are made from pasteurised milk and have many disadvantages in contrast to raw milk products. Pasteurised milk is heated to kill off bacteria, make it last longer, but also reduces the amount of vitamins and minerals in milk. Moreover, proteins are desaturated which makes them harder to digest for the body and which makes them more likely to cause immune reactions.