John Locke was one of the most important philosophers of the Enlightenment period. Born in 1632 in Somerset, England, Locke’s background led him to a political life. a fundamentally different philosophy of government. Thoughts and writings laid the foundation for liberal political philosophy. John Locke was an extremely influential historical figure whose writings directly inspired the foundation and structure of modern democratic states.
During the late eighteenth century, Benjamin Franklin was one of the intelligent fellows who blended classicism with romanticism. As he tried to accomplish moral perfection he documented his tactics and his results in The Autobiography. Franklin described this task as “an arduous project” and brought two polar aspects of life, morals and science, together to try and reach the pinnacle of morality through the creation
Franklin was a scientist and philosopher. He supported natural rights and freedom. One of his works is poor Richard's almanack about him making himself successful in life. Thomas Paine represents the enlightenment because he challenged the authority and wanted the colonists to fight for independence. He wrote common sense during the american revolution.
Washington begins with the notion that without religion, there can be no morality. From there, he addresses all of the potential concerns of a nation that lacks moral character to graduate from its infant stage into a more mature society. In his view, Americans must have strong moral character for patriotism to grow and American government to strengthen domestically and internationally. To this end, Washington’s Farewell uses a variety of principled and pragmatic arguments to convince his readers that morality is necessary to prevent the new American government from slipping into the chaos of individual enrichment and European-style
To quote Enlightenment philosopher John Locke, “Reason is natural revelation.” The reasoning and new ideas from Enlightenment philosophers was what shaped today’s society. The central idea of the Enlightenment philosophers of 17th and 18th century Europe was driven by Adam Smith’s thoughts on economy regarding economic decision making and the positive effects of the lack of government interference, the new political opinions and proposals regarding freedom and how it is obtained, expressed by John Locke, and the social and religious ideas regarding religious acceptance and having multiple religious influences in one place from Voltaire. The philosophers of the Enlightenment also were driven by the political theories expanding through Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. John Locke, an Enlightenment philosopher during the late 1600s proposed new theories about politics and government in his literature titled “Second Treatise on Civil Government”. He believed that all people are born free and equal, as well as have the ability to create their own government.
Early Enlightenment thinker John Locke presented philosophies which championed inalienable rights: life, liberty, and property. Liberty, in particular, becomes a most crucial topic in the debate deciding under what conditions the state should prohibit speech offensive to individuals or groups. More than a hundred years later, John Stuart Mill built upon and constructed reformed ideas that contrasted the early enlightenment and would transition to the Mature Enlightenment. In his works now classified as neoclassical utilitarianism, Mill also adds invaluable perspectives on societal progression and truth, which add to the everlasting discussion. While Locke’s philosophy would justify that governments can legitimately ban speech because of consent and humans’ impersonal ownership of themselves, Mill’s compelling ideas on progression and truth better avoid the slippery slope of setting precedent for limiting speech- a power a
The Enlightenment was an intellectual revolution through 17th century to 18th century. Caused by the monopoly of knowledge and belief from the Roman Catholic Church, the Enlightenment dominates the way of rational thinking and separate to different field such as art, science, literature, music and economics. Romanticism, which happened after Enlightenment, was caused by the disappointing of the result of the enlightenment. Romanticism is a literary movement which originated in Europe from the end of 18th century to the mid 19th century. Opposed to rational thought, Romanticism put the value of emotion and nature at a very high status.
INTRODUCTION In the Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America, Jay Sexton looked at an important piece of work written by James Monroe, which still plays an important role on American Diplomacy even unto the 20th Century. The major message of the Monroe doctrine shows United States’ insecurities and their passion. It shows their doubt of Great Britain and feared to be recolonized by that great nation, and the expansionist of United States’ ambition in having political independence through the unity of the nation. This doctrine reflects how foreign affairs could affect a nation greatly through internal conflicts and externally threats from greater nations. SUMMARY The Monroe Doctrine represents the mindset of the Americans
The Persuasion of Thomas Paine Thomas Paine’s pamphlet Common Sense was the light of the end of the tunnel, in which the author was gifted with the power of persuasion through his writings. The Common Sense was written based in two main points that clearly open the eyes of the most loyalists to the crown. The first point Paine explain that the British monarchy and the Parliament were the worst way for the people of new nation be governed, and the other point was that it was the right time to declare impendence. First, Paine stated “the cause of America, in a great measure, the cause of mankind.”; with this argument, Paine persuade the colonists to reflect about the way the King and the Parliament were treating colonists. Also, he wrote
Satire in the 18th Century The 18th century called for monumental social and economic change. Societal ways were changing and the overall beliefs of Europe was making a huge shift. In Voltaire’s Candide, as well as “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathon Swift, satire is used to critique the ways of society and allude to a better idea in turn. Candide is a philosophical tale testing Alexander Pope’s idea of “Philosophical Optimism.” The term philosophical optimism is the belief that all things are how they should be and this is the best possible way God could have created it. Voltaire’s counterarguments include natural disasters and sin which he expressed multiple times throughout his writing.