Booker T. Washington actively promoted economic collaboration of blacks and whites. He also encouraged them to pursue studies in higher education and entrepreneurship. In his famous speech known as the Atlanta Compromise Washington asked blacks to not retaliate with violence against the Jim Crow Laws, Discrimination, or other types of racist behavior. He requested that blacks pursue higher studies. This was met with fierce criticism from DuBois and in response DuBois founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to challenge Washington’s views and gain national momentum for his stance.
W.E.B DuBois’ plan was smarter than Booker T. Washington’s because DuBois’ plan was to fight for the rights of African Americans, and give people a good and equal education. Booker T Washington’s plan was to ignore segregation and discrimination so he can just focus on the wealth and education of former slaves to win over the whites acceptance. One part of DuBois’ plan was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, NAACP. This Association was one of the most influential civil rights organization. It “focused on legal strategies designed to confront the critical civil rights issues.”.
He rather than work on “self-improvement rather than long range social change (Brinkley).” W. E. B. Du Bois, sociologist and historian and one of the first African-Americans to receive a degree from Harvard. Du Bois accused Washington of limiting segregation and encouraging whites. He later on encouraged that talented black children have no less than university educations and professions. He fought that blacks should fight for there civil rights and make it known that they deserve more.
At the very beginning, Washington addresses “one-third” to point out the huge population of the African Americans, emphasizing their importance at first (417). This diction reminds the white people that the black is significant to the whole industrial success. However, he uses an approximate fraction instead of accurate statistic to avoid being aggressive. Moreover, it responds to the description later that whether the one-third of population would motivate the industrial era or not depends on how the white values them. Throughout the whole speaking, Washington uses “we” to address the black, and “you” to address the white (418).
Equality means every individual has equal opportunities. Historically, certain groups of people, African Americans, have been denied of their rights as Americans. The Voting Rights of 1965, a law passed, elimated literacy test that restricted African Americans from voting. In Lydon B. Johnson speech ¨ The American Promise¨ ,Johnson is making an effort to have equality among white and black in society. He explains that blacks have been restricted from their rights and wants the majority to vote for him to allow equal voting rights for all citizens.
“The originator of the March on Washington in 1963, Randolph aimed to obtain government sponsorship of black jobs.” (History). Randolph’s understanding of the economic needs of blacks predated the riots that drew the nation’s attention to them. He also became a critic of the black power movement, which he believed was programmatically bankrupt. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement. The victory made Randolph the leading black figure in the labor
Douglass worked towards improved race conditions and women's issues. During the Civil War, he argued that slaves should have the right to fight for their freedom. The emancipation and suffrage of freedpeople were his concerns to solve during the Reconstruction Era. Douglass was still actively fighting for the equality of African Americans and women despite the emergence of white supremacist organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan. (His courage contributed to find solutions ("moral transformation"5)for "slavish personality"6, which abolitionists faced a dilemma between slave and free political communities. )
During 1964 President John F. Kennedy suggested that the whole nation should act upon treating all blacks equally he achieved this goal by passing a bill to end segregation. Before this bill was passed it was up for debate. As a Black Nationalist freedom fighter Malcolm X gave a powerful speech. Malcolm X led the Black Nationalism which was a political and social movement to help blacks acquire racial equality in the economy. Malcolm X the Ballot or The Bullet states that every single black faced the same problem being the only ones who can fix it.
Brown v. Board was a Supreme Court case that depicted the racial segregation amongst schools was violating the Equal Protection Clause. Therefore, the poster displays that all races should be equal in the education that we receive. For instance, the poster shows an African American and an American child forming a heart with a notebook paper in the center stating equal a variety of times,as well as an American flag in the background to show that the United States is a free country.In other words, the poster illustrates how everyone is equal no matter our race which helped transform the democracy that we have today.For this reason, the Supreme Court case showed how it was unconstitutional to maintain segregated schools and was tried in the
Soon, this abolitionist newspaper had become very famous. Douglass educated, given knowledge, and raise the consciousness to the Northern blacks through the newspaper, also promote the majority of development of the antislavery movement. Besides being an abolitionist, Douglass also supports in equal women rights. In 1848, the speech in New York was the first time he talks about women’s rights; “In respect to political rights, we hold woman to be justly entitled to all we claim for man. We go farther, and express our conviction that all political rights which it is expedient for man to exercise, it is equally so for women.