Thesis While becoming a drug addict is a lifestyle choice and influenced by personal discipline, taking Drugs alters the brain. People lose their will power and control over their actions. Addiction can become a brain disease rendering the person helpless. Because repeated drug use causes neurological effects, addicts cannot be counted on to help with their recovery, and the national institute on drug abuse agrees addiction is a brain disease. Addiction is not a brain disease There are two clear sides in the argument over addiction being a brain disease or not. Those who argue against it claim the evidence presented is scientifically unsupported. Most addicts have some sort of control over their addiction “even in the most desperate, chronic …show more content…
Continued use of a drug has been shown to change the way are brain operates on a chemical level. Pleasure centers are altered requiring constant use of the drug to feel normal. Many studies have been carried out using brain imaging methods to prove that areas of the brain that control judgement and behavior are affected by continued substance abuse or addiction. It has also shown that depending on are biological make up we could be more at risk. A person gender or ethnicity factors into the risk. The changes in the brain diminish a persons ability to make rational choices. No longer can the addict be counted on to make the necessary changes needed to get better. They now must rely on a medical and scientific approach to help cure their addiction. MY Position In this paper I will argue why I feel addiction is a brain disease. When people first start using drugs they tend to do it in moderation. This decision to take the drug is a voluntary one. They are in full self-control of both their judgment and behavior. It doesn’t take long for this to change. Soon it goes from occasional use to regular use and finally an uncontrollable urge to keep using it. The person is now addicted. Continued use of addictive drugs changes the brain on a biological level. This change usually results in relentless and uncontrollable drug use. The addict has now lost all self-control and will power. Their ability to make a good decision gone. Losing this much self-control is a direct result of the biological changes in the
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How does someone become an addict? They tried something out, maybe to have a little fun, maybe to escape some reality. Then the high was so intense they decide to try it again. Perhaps they get to the point where all they want to do is feel that high. Eventually life becomes too dull, or just too painful to deal with, so they start itching for their next fix.
The patients may experience less pain and a high, ultimately creating a desire for more medication. After the initial first week, the desire has moved from a simple want to a need. The body begins to crave more, as the patient desires to feel the high again. After the first few weeks of being addicted, the original dosage no longer helps. The desire for a stronger pill or more medication causes patients to crush their pills and snort it.
Connecting the brain and addiction has helped find effective treatments for these patients. However, studies are still being done on addicts and the brain’s response to addiction. According to Filbey, “Future work can expand on this knowledge by determining individual differences, such as genetic and environmental factors, that influence the addiction connectome” (Filbey, 2013, p.
A drug addiction occurs when someone uses substances to give themselves a feeling of pleasure even if it has negative consequences for them or others. When an addiction occurs the brain changes too making it extremely difficult to quit. This is because the brain wants more of the pleasurable substance because it’s giving dopamine. Once someone is addicted to something all they want is that thing and they will do anything to get it.
There are a lot of reasons why people with mental health disorders turn to drug addiction. This is what makes addiction so complex: influences vary wildly and there is no singular cause of an addiction or an “addictive personality.” Some of the most common behaviors caused by mental health disorders that contribute to
I noticed cocaine is the drug of choice to almost all of the Prop-36 probationers. Many of the addicts would share that, after the use of such drug, they would hallucinate and want more after they came off of the drug. This study explains how the abnormality of dopamine in certain areas of the brain are associated in how cocaine takes full control of your will and can lead to drug addiction. A perfect example is that of a female being assessed stated that she felt horrible after the first use and the second use. Eventually she became addicted, but not because she liked it, it was because she was forced to use it in order to survive in the streets.
Addictive substances rewire the connections in your mind so that you have problems thinking, feeling happy or enjoying life when you quit using. When you stop using, your body basically panics as it loses access to the chemicals that it is used to. This is the main reason why individuals experience withdrawal symptoms
All these characteristics led to the conclusion that drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use. It is considered as a brain disease because drugs change the structure of the brain, and how it works. Every drug affects different systems of the brain. For example, in the case of cocaine, as the brain is adapted in the presence of the specific drug, brain regions responsible for judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory begin to physically change, making certain behaviors “hard-wired.” In some brain regions, connections between neurons are pruned back.
Literature Review Substance Use Disorder Defined According to the American Psychological Association, the definitional boundaries of what addiction is has changed multiple times over the years. Addiction was relabeled dependence in 1964 by the World Health Organization, as it thought that the word addiction closely linked to opiate use. A few years ago, the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was released and combined the diagnostic categories for substance abuse and substance dependence (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). These diagnoses have replaced the term with substance use disorders.
Drug Addiction : Treatment or Punishment? When a person takes a drug the chemicals affect the brain by interfering with how the neurons send messages. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the structure of Marijuana and Heroin mimic a natural neurotransmitter which tricks the receptors into allowing the drug to activate neurons inside the brain which interferes with messages and leads to abnormalities of behavior. With other drugs such as cocaine there is an abnormally large amount of neurotransmitters released which disrupts communication channels.
The effects of addiction on health can be devastating. Once addiction develops, the brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. 6 Drug abuse can suppress the body’s immune system and is related to risky behaviours, involving the sharing of contaminated syringe, needle or injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. The combination greatly increases the likelihood of acquiring HIV, hepatitis and many other infectious diseases. 6 Drugs that lead to these diseases are heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.