He is known to be responsible for the origination of Modern Psychological School Of Thought known as “Individual Psychology”, which emphasized on veracity of Human Personality. .Alfred Adler’s individual psychology, focused more on environmental and societal factors to explain behavior (Frankl, 1997) In regard with physical disability, it focuses on Superiority, Inferiority, Compensation and lifestyle. “Striving for superiority” is fundamental of every individual’s life. In regard with physical disability, his assumption was that they strive harder to be superior when they become aware of life’s misfortune.
Those entering the counselor workforce are often focused on the best course of action or approach to use when counseling clients. In my case, I’ve always been more prone to the Adlerian approach primarily because it tends to focus on family experiences and background. Nonetheless, due to extensive and continuous training, I’ve found that Solution Focused therapy would be more useful, especially in the school-counseling field. I believe that students will benefit more from this particular form of therapy because it has such a positive outlet.
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, Adlerian Therapy, and Person-Centered Therapy Therapy can take many forms. There is numerous therapies out there and many different people who have contributed to the development of each theory and form of therapy. The goal of therapy is to help people get through any problems they may be facing. Therapy is used as a form of support, stress relief, and a way to make people happy and overall healthier.
Therapeutic alliance is building a relationship between client and the therapist. This relationship is important in order for the client to have some success with treatment. Assisting, client’s in identifying personal goals, strengths, and preferences for change in behaviors. Needs and abilities and engaging the client in a discussion to problem solve and steps to take to achieve goals. Therapist, provides instruction in helping client to set reasonable objectives to meet goals and developing trust in order for the therapeutic alliance can be established.
She finds the Gestalt theory of Psychotherapy to be effective and uses the theory as part of her coaching methods as it helps individuals understand the present moment. Her style is conversational and interactive. She strives to give life coaching tools that are designed to give individuals the ability to discover a new path in life. Visioning, emotional freedom technique, assertiveness training, and progressive relaxation are some of the techniques she may use as part of her holistic method to lead her clients to overall wellness and to achieve balance in their life.
In the first stage, the therapist begins by helping the couple get control over the conflict in the relationship. Besides identifying the conflict issues that are present, the therapist helps the couple uncover the process (or cycle) they are experiencing while in conflict. This then leads to the ability to uncover any emotions associated with attachment issues which are driving the conflict. Doing so allows the therapist to find new ways for the couple to see their problem in light of the attachment need. The second phase focuses on altering the positions of each partner, thus allowing them to see the degree to which their attachment needs are influencing their behavior.
Even the name of this approach creates a difference between approaches of the past; in the past the people who came to therapy were called patients, but in this approach they are known as clients. This idea created an idea of equal partnership within the therapeutic relationship, rather than an expert treating a patient. Within this approach, it is the job of the client to improve his or her own life, not the job of the therapist. The therapist is there more as a guide to finding one’s true self, rather than the person in the session who is to give all of the answers away. Because of this unique relationship in each situation, there is a lack of techniques to use within the therapeutic session.
Carl Rogers stated that the counselor must be genuine when it comes to feeling, and should be used in the relationship with the client which can be considered to Carl Rogers as Congruence. Carl Rogers also thought that the counselor must be accepting and caring for the client without judging which can also be known as Unconditional Positive Regard. Carl Rogers also emphasises the importance empathy. Showing empathy demonstrates the ability to understand what the client is feeling by demonstrating sensitivity. Adlerian theory was developed by Alfred Adler.
Alfred Adler was born in Vienna on February 7, 1870. He studied Medicine at the University of Vienna and he graduated in 1895. In 1898, he began to practice as an ophthalmologist, although he soon replaced this specialty with general medicine, then with neurology, and finally, he opted for psychiatry (in fact, he is considered the first child psychiatrist). At first, he was attending the Psychological Society on Wednesday at Sigmund Froid 's house, but soon he turned away from the ideas of the famous psychologist (Adler didn 't think that mental problems always had their origin in sexual trauma, as Freud did). He founded Individual psychology and wrote books about it and about his theory of personality (topics that I am going to talk about
Therapists must access their own internal process such as their feelings, attitudes and moods. Therapists’, who are not receptive to the awareness of their flow of thoughts and feelings, will not be able to help clients be aware of theirs (Kahn, 1997, p. 40). Though congruence does not mean that therapists have to share personal issues with clients, a therapist must not conceal their inner process from the client, and not be defensive but transparent (Kahn, 1997, p. 41). By being open sometimes a therapist learns more not only about their client but about themselves
It can be even more challenging to find appropriate, yet, effective interventions to aid the children. Adlerian Play Therapy is both. The Adlerian Theory believes in the creativeness and uniqueness of each individual(APT). This intervention is done in four sections. The first stage requires the child to work with the counselor to build a safe and trusting relationship.
Without their own ambitions, individuals change and inherent different views of motivation expressed within their actions. Different purposes placed upon one will eventually change the way oneself judges things and will definitely silence his own thought in his actions. A purpose that is not of your own is a lie that will follow an individual to their grav. To know one self’s purpose then will the nature of motivation appeal to an individual and reinforce the judicious actions they take towards that very
INTRODUCTION. A set of assumptions or rules on which the practice of an activity is based on is called a theory. It is also a fundamental or a basis used to account for a situation. There are several theories used in counseling practice.