“This theory postulates that the gap between social/emotional maturity, and greater affiliation with other delinquent peers via social mimicry” (Cruise et al., 2008). This theory also focuses on the neurodevelopmental characteristics and progression within the lives of adolescent’s. As mentioned before, Cruise, Fernandez, McCoy, Guy, Colwell, and Douglas, quote Cauffman and Steinberg stating, “‘this growing body of research has brought up both the developmental theoretical framework, and operationalization of that framework, to examine adolescents’ specific developmental capacities deemed crucial to participation in the legal processes’ (Cauffman & Steinberg, 1995),” (Cruise et al., 2008). Meaning that there must be an understanding during the juvenile interrogation and the juvenile justice system, that adolescent’s are cognitively different than adults. The combination of cognitive, social, and emotional factors influence the “maturity of judgment” through age-related factors that differentiate an adolescent’s decision-making from that of an
In recent decades, youth studies became emerging issues among the academician, policymakers, but still in the process of developing an appropriate theory on youth deviance, social problems, sub-culture, the generation gap and social construction. The following are some of the theories relating to young people: Theory of Psychosocial development Erik Erikson’s theory of psychological development was influenced by Sigmund Freud (Erikson, 1968). Erikson too believed that personality develops in a series of stages. This theory describes the impact of social experiences across the whole lifespan. Erikson had developed eight stages of psychosocial development such as infancy (birth to 18 months), toddler (18 months to 3 years), preschooler (3 to 5 years), school age child (6 – 12 years), adolescent 13 – 19 years), young adult (20 – 39 years), middle-aged adult (40 – 55 years), late adult (55 – 65 to death).
In addition, it seeks to highlight the different identity statuses, as well as, the factors that facilitate or hinder identity formation. Furthermore, various psychological theories will be drawn upon relating to events in the movie that depict adolescent identity development. Adolescence is the period between childhood and emerging adulthood (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). According to Behm-Morawitz and Mastro (2008), this period is generally categorized by development in different spheres of life and often revolves around an increased independence and freedom. In addition, during this period adolescents start to forge a sense of identity.
In fact, the development of the teenage brain involves many changes in the limbic system, peer pleasure, and in behaviors. Firstly, the limbic system is highly important in the development of the teenage brain. The brain tends to rely on the limbic system rather than the prefrontal cortex. In addition, when the brain
Daniel Siegel in his book Brainstorm: The Power and Purpose of the Teenage Brain (2013), suggests that the unique emergence of the adolescent mind can help create qualities that assist teenagers to navigate those often-troublesome years. Siegel argues that by better understanding the development of the brain, adults who work with teens can be more adept at putting some of their behavior in perspective. Siegel, a clinical professor of psychiatrist at the UCLA Medical School and an author of books and articles about children and parenting, points out that an adolescent’s brain growth has both upsides and downsides, and these are illustrated in four key features of adolescent development:
The Various Perspectives of Personality There have been numerous studies of the factors that can affect a person’s personality. Typically, these studies always reflected on what role a child’s early life played in their adult personalities. The character of Howard Hughes from the movie The Aviator was a fitting example of the many effective factors (Scorsese, 2004). This paper’s purpose is to examine and describe theories such as the psychoanalysis perspective, physiological perspective, and biological perspective of personality traits. Psychoanalysis Perspective Erik Erikson was a student of Freud whose approach to psychoanalysis was called ego psychology (Larsen & Buss, 2008).
Different psychologists explained these transitions phases using different schools o thought. For example: Sigmund Freud’s theory emphasizes the importance of sexuality and that as a driving force behind development of a child. This theory is a reductionist one as it is describing the complex human behaviour to a single motive. Freud was primarily concerned with personality development whereas Piaget (1896-1980) centred is theory on changes that occur in the child’s mode of thought, cognitive stages in development. He created set of stages to indicate an individual’s ability to think.
The article is about understanding how social contributors are shaping the next generation – in particular, how selfies are affecting preteens and adolescents physical and physiological way of growing up, and their awareness upon so. However, the article suggest a positive side of ‘the selfie trend’, where the images can inform emotional or behavioral problems. This is an opposite perspective than Turkel’s, because the article suggest how devices can help with behavioral problems, whereas Turkel argues that devices are the reason for these
In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth; cognitively, as changes in the ability to think abstractly and multi-dimensionally; or socially, as a period of preparation for adult roles. Cognitive advances encompass both increases in knowledge and in the ability to think abstractly and to reason more effectively. Developmental psychologists might focus on changes in relations with parents and peers as a function of school structure and pubertal status.Therefore, as adolescents grow in maturity they also learn how to regulate their emotions which has positive and negative effects on relationship with family and friends. (a textbook of child psychology virender kumar 2012). As adolescents acquire greater conceptual complexity and participated in more varied social relationship, they begin to be able to assume an adult perspective in problem solving and decision making.
Thus, crisis unresolved during this stage will lead children to become compulsively moralistic or overly inhibited (Apruebo, 2008). This theory aided the research in such a way that it explains how a child, especially during their play age develop a psychopathology which causes in the delay of the development of a child. Psychoanalytic Approach Dr. Sigmund Freud asserts that the first few years of life are decisive for the formation of personality. He developed five stages namely: the oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latency stage and genital stage. In these