Stages Of Adolescence Analysis

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1. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES OF ADOLESCENT
Adolescence is a developmental transition between childhood and adulthood. It is the period from puberty until full adult status has been attained. Typically, adolescence begins at puberty and ends at 18 or 21 years of age. Many authors like Greece philosophers Plato and Aristotle (forth Century B.C), they say that suggest that scientific study of Adolescent begins with reasoning (Plato) and it is a period of having ability to choose and that self-determination is a hallmark of maturity. The idea of adolescence is today one of our most widely held and deeply embedded assumptions about the process of human development. The following literature provide essence knowledge, views and ideas portrayed by many
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Stanley Hall (1844-1924) was one of the first psychologists to advance a psychology of adolescence in its own right and to use scientific methods to study them. As per his views adolescents appear to be passive; they are experiencing considerable turmoil. Hall also described adolescence as a period of Sturm und Drang," -- storm and stress". This analysis clearly reflects on the adolescent as to be a different and very critical stage of transition in human development.

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). According to his view that adolescents is a universal phenomenon and included behavioral, social and emotional changes, not to mention the relationships between the physiological and psychological changes and the influences on the self-image. In his theory on Psychoanalytic, the physiological changes are related to emotional changes, especially an increase in negative emotions, such as moodiness, anxiety, loathing, tension and other forms of adolescent behavior.

Anna Freud (1948). Her views on Adolescents Defense Mechanism describe puberty as critical factor in character formation. Her theory emphasizes on the relationship between the id, the ego and the super ego as well as physiological process of sexual maturation, beginning with the functioning of the sexual glands, plays a critical role in influencing the psychological realm. This results in the instinctual resurgence of the libidinal forces, which, in turn, can bring about psychological
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Margaret Mead (1891-1978): in her Cultural Anthropology and Adolescence gave much insight into perspectives on adolescent development in a cultural context.

Colemen (1978). Adolescents seem to represent a series of smoothly evolving changes in development. View of author clarifies that the stresses in adolescence do not occur at same time. Rather they deal with one or two stressful events. One’s the alleviating the stress they deal with the others. Some adolescents may have stressful experience but in general the majority do not.

Samoa (1950). Study was empirical based and an anthropological methodology was used. Study was given importance to cultural factors in order to understand the phenomenon of adolescence.

Mead (1953). Adolescence is a period of searching a meaningful identity. To find identity young people usually outmode and compare the behavior and values among parents and models provides in mass media. it is a period where adolescents maintain and exchange of ideas and value system of those peers than
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