Adolescent Literature

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Adolescence is a period of developmental transition between childhood and adulthood. It begins with puberty and ends with attainment of adult status approximately at the age 18 or 21 years. Many authors like Greece philosophers Plato and Aristotle (forth Century B.C), suggest that scientific study of Adolescence begins with reasoning (Plato) and it is a period of having true ability to choose and that self-determination is a hallmark of maturity. The idea of adolescence is today one of our most widely held and deeply embedded assumptions about the process of human development. The following literature provide essential knowledge, views and ideas portrayed by many analysts, psychologists and thinkers about time period of adolescence and related…show more content…
Adolescents seem to represent a series of smoothly evolving changes in development. The view of the author clarifies that the stresses in adolescence do not occur at the same time. Rather they deal with one or two stressful events. Some adolescents may have a stressful experience but in general the majority of them do not.

Samoa (1950). The study was empirical based and an anthropological methodology was used. The study gave importance to cultural factors in order to understand the phenomenon of adolescence.

Mead (1953). Adolescence is a period of searching a meaningful identity. To find identity young people usually outmode and compare the behavior and values among parents and models provide in mass media. It is a period where adolescents maintain and exchange ideas and value system of those peers than parents

Muuss (1975). Adolescents are process of seeking freedom and freeing from dependency from parents. Mostly their behaviors are influenced and motivated by their age mates. They discard the values system of parents and give importance to their
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These views posit that environmental agents (parents, teachers, peers) shape (teach) behavior both by directly reinforcing desired behavior and by providing models of socially appropriate behavior. Albert Bhandura(1969): Modeling, Imitation and Identification: According to his thought, the growth of children is based on the learning experience they get from their social environment. Parents are an important source to imitate behavior, language, gesture and mechanisms as well as attitudes and values.

Muuss (1975) Adolescence is a time when they can experiment with adult roles and determine a realistic sense of self. Adolescence is the period during which the skills and attitudes are acquired to help develop adults who will eventually contribute to society in meaningful ways. Adolescents may obtain the skills and training necessary to prepare themselves for adult roles. In his view adolescents are favor of peer group and selected entertainment heroes as their role models and slowly find declining parents and teacher’s role. Adolescents are usually attracted and influenced by peer group based on the use of verbal expressions hair style, clothing, food, music and entertainment preferences and decision related to rapidly changing social
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