1. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES OF ADOLESCENT Adolescence is a developmental transition between childhood and adulthood. It is the period from puberty until full adult status has been attained. Typically, adolescence begins at puberty and ends at 18 or 21 years of age. Many authors like Greece philosophers Plato and Aristotle (forth Century B.C), they say that suggest that scientific study of Adolescent begins with reasoning (Plato) and it is a period of having ability to choose and that self-determination is a hallmark of maturity.
Handout on identity development during adolescence Adolescence is the years between the beginning of puberty and onset of adulthood. These are the years where most people develop a strong and stable identity. It is the period where children start to become conscious of their identity and its possible immediate consequences or future repercussions. Relationships between parents and the adolescents often decrease, and they start to prefer to spend more time with their peers. According to "6.3 Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity | Introduction to Psychology," (2015) identity is who or what one is as an individual or as a member of a social group.
Adolescence is largely accepted as the period between puberty and adulthood. There is no age bracket for the periods of development that an individual goes through – each of them overlap each other, yet each is distinct. Erikson, in his theory of psychosocial development speaks about how the individual’s social surroundings develop the identity of the person and his personality. And this development happens in stages. Adolescence is one such stage that Erikson characterizes as Identity vs Role Confusion.
“Adolescence is the transition period childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence.” This period is often referred to as “the struggle between the need to stand out, and the need to belong.” Adolescents believe that they must maintain a particular image in order to remain a part of a group that provides them with a sense of security. However, even though they belong to a group they are not fully satisfied with their own identity. Adolescence is a time full of growth, change, and development. Teenagers must take a closer look at their own identities and through trying out and taking on new identities in order to create their own sense of self. “Biological processes drive many aspects of this growth and development, with the
• Research the definition of the adolescent period in this essay. The adolescent period is the most vital stage of human life. The nature of a human being gradually developed at this stage. This stage can be divided into two parts. One part is reflected to adolescents and another is the stage of puberty.
Adolescence can be described as a period of awareness and self-definition. According to Erikson (1968), it is an important period in the enduring process of identity formation in the life of an individual. The movie ‘The Breakfast Club’, focuses on a group of five adolescents, and their pursuit to find their prospective identity. This essay will focus on the process of identity development in these five adolescents, with particular reference to the character Andrew Clark. In addition, it seeks to highlight the different identity statuses, as well as, the factors that facilitate or hinder identity formation.
A DISCUSSION ON HOW TEENAGERS TREAT THEIR ELDES NOWADAYS Every teenager has a problem and there is no doubt about it. As any parent of a teenager knows that discipline can be difficult and confusing issue, of course a teenager also knows what good behavior is and which is the right way to comfort and make their elders happy. The teenagers of nowadays grow up in different social structures unlike those in the past. In The Vanishing Adolescent Edgar Friendenberg (1959, pp.15) postulates an essential incompatibility between modern society and adolescence as a unique developmental period. In his view adolescence identity formation proceeds mainly with society.
In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth; cognitively, as changes in the ability to think abstractly and multi-dimensionally; or socially, as a period of preparation for adult roles. Cognitive advances encompass both increases in knowledge and in the ability to think abstractly and to reason more effectively. Developmental psychologists might focus on changes in relations with parents and peers as a function of school structure and pubertal status.Therefore, as adolescents grow in maturity they also learn how to regulate their emotions which has positive and negative effects on relationship with family and friends. (a textbook of child psychology virender kumar 2012). As adolescents acquire greater conceptual complexity and participated in more varied social relationship, they begin to be able to assume an adult perspective in problem solving and decision making.
Adolescents need social and economic security besides physical security and if they are lacking in security, they may become maladjusted in later life. Lastly, need for approval. Adolescents will gain satisfaction when he or she is acknowledged and recognized. They desire to be the centre of attention for their abilities that must be recognized by