The first concentration camp in the Nazi system, Dachau, opened in March, 1933. By the end of World War II, the Nazis gave a huge system of more than 40,000 camps that stretched across Europe from the French-Spanish border into the conquered Soviet territories, and as far south as Greece and North Africa. The largest number of prisoners were Jews, but people were arrested and locked in prison for a variety of reasons, including family, cultural characteristics and political association. Prisoners were subjected to unbelievable terrors from the moment they arrived in the camps it was a terrible existence that involved a struggle for survival against a system designed to destroy them. A concentration camp is a place where P.O.W (Prisoners of War) were placed usually used for criminals or people with types of religions that the army was against (e.g.
The Nuremberg Trials were held in Nuremberg, Germany between 1945 and 1949. The trials were held in Nuremberg because its Palace of Justice was undamaged by the end of the war. It was also used for its large prison area. The cause of these trials was the Holocaust, where many Jewish Germans were killed by the Nazis under the rule of a man named Adolf Hitler. The purpose of these trials were to bring Nazi War criminals to justice.
They would mow down row upon row of shivering, half naked adults, and smash the heads of babies with a show of pity or remorse(Wistrich). The psychological effect on those who lived during the Holocaust are beyond any superficial description. Hitler mainly targeted the Jewish population because he defined Jews as a race not a religion. For the period of 12 years million of Jews lived under the Nazi power and it persecution towards them. They held the highest population in all and every camp.
Even before WWII began, gypsies faced persecution; for example: “When the Nuremberg laws were passed in September of 1935, the interpreters of these decrees applied to gypsies as well as jews” (Smelser 2). Identical to Jews being deprived of their civil rights, the Nuremberg laws took away gypsies rights. This act of including gypsies in the Nuremberg laws shows that nazi’s saw gypsies as a threat to the Aryan race, causing gypsies to be first non-Jewish group affected by the holocaust. During the holocaust gypsies faced vast amounts of persecution during the holocaust, for instance: “An estimated of some 20,000 gypsies showed that over 90% should be considered mischlinge (of mixed blood). This solved the problem of having to deal with an Aryan minority” (Smelser 2).
Those people who had hatred against another race thought that they were more supreme. Both things had lots of people dying and lots of incidents happened because of hatred. They both had “groups” of people who tried to be more supreme and hated all other kinds of people. In the rise of Hitler it was the Nazi Party, and in To Kill a Mockingbird it was the farmers and some of the white residents. To Kill a Mockingbird is a book that expresses racism and hatred that affects people.
One of these strategies was concentration camps. The definition of a concentration camp is “a place in which large numbers of people, especially political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities, sometimes to provide forced labour or to await mass execution. The term is most strongly associated with the several hundred camps established by the Nazis in Germany and occupied Europe 1933–45, among the most infamous being Dachau, Belsen, and Auschwitz”. Concentration camps were successfully ran by the Nazi soldiers collecting as many Jews as possible. They would tell the Jews that they were going to work on farms.
He imbibed racist ideas during his stay in Vienna, which he later fled to avoid service in the army (Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2007). After World War 1, Germany was forced to pay reparations to France and Great Britain. People in Germany were upset and angry over this, Hitler took advantage of this and gave them a target to focus their anger and resentment on: the Jewish population. The quote is from the Encyclopeadia judaica, “In June 1934 he had his predecessors as chancellor along with numerous others murdered as a sign of his total control.” This supports the thesis by showing that he had the ambition to do what it takes to gain more power. He wasn’t afraid to kill them, for him it was another step he had to take in order to further control Germany.
The Holocaust is a horrifying subject that started in the early 1940’s and mid-WWII. The Holocaust was formed by Adolf Hitler (Allen 5). He directed a team of people called Nazis to build the concentration camps (Allen 5). The Nazis killed many people during the Holocaust including Jewish men, women, and children. It all started with one camp called Auschwitz where many people died including author and holocaust survivor, Elie Wiesel’s family.
During the war, Hitler gathered the “unworthy people” and opened camps in and around Germany, referring to them as work camps. No one knew the horrors that took place in these “work camps”. The multiple “work camps” set up in Germany are now today known as concentration camps. These camps were where the undesirable were sent to die. Both Life is Beautiful and Weissova sketch are about the Holocaust and the cruelty showed their experiences there.
Known as the Second Reich, it quickly gained power and colonies in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. The empire was subsequently dismantled following their defeat in World War I, leading to economic depression, massive unemployment rates, and the country was verging on civil war for years. Establishing the Third Reich, Adolf Hitler changed this by first taking power in 1933. He and his new Nazi party quickly went on a crusade to conquer Europe and exterminate everyone who he thought were beneath him and not part of the superior race. He felt that these races, particularly Jews, were responsible for their loss in World War I.