The theory of psychosexual development was presented by one of the most prominent psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and characterized how personality develops during the course of childhood. Whilst this theory is widely known in psychology, still, it is one of the most controversial. Freud believed that the individual develops via a series of childhood stages throughout which the energy of pleasure-seeking of the id is focused on certain erogenous areas. According to Freud, if all these stages are completed successfully, a healthy individual is a result. However, if the person will remain “stuck” on a certain stage, problems in future life may occur.
That being said, I also see the downsides of age-segregated education. Students who are behind developmentally may struggle to keep up with their peers. In addition, I think there is a lot of learning that takes place when students interact with one another. As explained previously, the responses to the actions and reactions of those around us changes who we are (Schaffer & Kipp, 2014). On one hand our genes (nature) impact who we are, and on the other hand our environment (nurture) also plays a crucial role in shaping who we are.
In addition, it seeks to highlight the different identity statuses, as well as, the factors that facilitate or hinder identity formation. Furthermore, various psychological theories will be drawn upon relating to events in the movie that depict adolescent identity development. Adolescence is the period between childhood and emerging adulthood (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). According to Behm-Morawitz and Mastro (2008), this period is generally categorized by development in different spheres of life and often revolves around an increased independence and freedom. In addition, during this period adolescents start to forge a sense of identity.
DEVELOPMENT PSYCHOLOGY: REFLECTIVE ESSAY In life of an individual there are several developmental changes or events which occur as continuity of span of life. Some of life developmental stages include infantile, adolescence, maturity, and adulthood. These phases have biological, social, psychological and physiognomic reasons to which an individual completed the course of life. Psychological analysis upon the developmental stages include the focus on characterization, demarcation and the social interaction of individual’s life (Baltes & Schaie, 2013). Adolescence is the stage which has more potential and energetics but with all positive aspects this stage has some developmental events which need to be observe and controlled for making a normal and good personality.
We see how culture takes a role in development as it is custom in the U.S for children to leave the home while in different cultures, it’s not viewed the same way. Generativity is essential for individuals and society as well. The research conducted had the concept of identity and stage developments while having an Eriksonian viewpoint. Those involved with the research take the term of identity status to describe how adolescents choose how to navigate towards finding their own identity and character. Marcia’s work in generativity in women show that those who worked alongside identity achievement, diffusion, and more are said to be pathfinders, guardians, etc.
It is a time of adolescent sexual experimentation. For example, fixation at the oral stage may cause a person gaining sexual desire mainly from kissing and oral sex than sexual intercourse. (McLeod, 2008) Erikson 's psychosocial theory of development: Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development has eight stages. Erikson assumes that a crisis occurs at each stage of the development. These crises are of a psychosocial nature.
One may have to resolve the conflict in order to pass on to another stage. Ego and superego are as well developing when people are passing through the psychosexual stages in order to control the Id and solve the conflict in each stage. Freud’s idea of psychosexual theory is a great contribution to the developments of
Furthermore, Erikson’s psychosocial theory, which perceives conflicts between the individual and society as necessary instigators of growth, states that conflicts that are attended to and resolved, allows one to move to a higher stage of development as we just saw. We just spoke about all the positive effects that one can have when successfully navigating Erikson’s stages, but what if one was not successful? negative effects can occur, leading to increased behavioral problems throughout life. These issues can lead children to develop identities into adulthood that are filled with feelings of guilt, inferiority, confusion, isolation, stagnation, and finally, despair. Erikson has influenced an array of developmental theorists, researchers, and psychotherapists and continues to be a major force in the psychological world (Feist, 2013, p. 239).
In this article, we limited our adolescence but Erickson 's theory a more complete discussion of the crisis information can be found in the article describes the development of the child. The first crisis usually occurs in early to mid-adolescence, known as identity confusion and identity crisis. The struggle to find the development of the crisis on behalf of the unique, individual identity, while
They have a significant influence on children’s socio-cultural development outside the family environment. Klein ( 1976) postulates that everything we read affects the way we think, considerably, the texts children are exposed to have a big influence on their thoughts and attitudes. Therefore writers should consider excluding stereotypes such as gender and racial stereotypes, from texts for children because the presence of stereotypical views can cause problems throughout children’s development. According to Sutherland (1997) children’s literature has been used to improve language literacy and inventive thinking skills. He further goes on to say that it works as character development tool to shape behavior and attitudes.