Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization in northern Africa and it had advanced cities because there were many people, good architecture, palaces, social classes, and the north and south areas. There were many people in the city because there were slaves and people who had good jobs. Some of the good architecture was the palaces, the houses, and the pyramids, which had the best architecture of all of ancient Egypt because of all of the maze-like paths inside and the identical paths that are really traps. The social classes are slaves, peasants, craftsmen, merchants, soldiers, scribes, priests, and pharaohs.
There were many specialized workers in Ancient Egypt including slaves, craftsmen, merchants, soldiers, …show more content…
The government was set up in a way where the main ruler was called a pharaoh and underneath him were his/her sons and/or daughters and underneath them were the priests. The priests convinced the citizens to believe in a polytheistic religion that had about 2000 gods/goddesses. Ra was one of the main gods with Osiris. Ra was the god of the sun while Osiris was the god of the underworld. Ra was represented as a human with a falcon head while Osiris was represented as a human with turquoise skin. Some artifacts that represent religion were, the obelisk (made by Cleopatra) and the …show more content…
Papyrus is made from the triangular stalk. First, they cut the stalk into long strips. The strips were laid out in two layers, one horizontal, and one vertical. After that, they were pressed and dried to make one papyrus sheet. Ink is made from colored minerals that have been turned into powder and liquid has been added. The main type of medicine was magic… the physical versions of the medicine such as herbs are only supposed to relieve or subdue pain while there are many charms for the actual healing process. Most of the makeup was focused on the eyeliner or Kohl. Some other types of makeup are wax bulges, wigs, green eye paint, and castor oil. The wax bulges were to make women and men smell better, the green eye paint was to ward off infections, and the castor oil was to subdue wrinkles. The toothpaste was made from rock salt, mint, dried iris flowers, and
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The Egyptian people were a polytheistic culture, meaning that they believed in many gods. Egypt was ruled by a single king, a Pharaoh, therefore, their government would be considered a type of monarchy. 2) Who was the patron who commissioned the object? Why did he/she commission it? The original patron who commissioned the object is unknown, however it is safe to assume that a Pharaoh commissioned the piece.
Introduction Ra the king of kings the most powerful god in all of egypt and the creator of all of the world, was used as an image of power and strength for the ruling class in new kingdom egyptian society. He was claimed to be the father of all the pharaohs and the protector of the world. Ra was said to create himself from the primordial chaos Nun which contained all things to come. He fathered Shu and Tefnut , Shu the god of air and tefnut the goddess of moisture. Then the two siblings shu and tefnut gave birth to geb the god of the earth and nut the goddess of the sky.
There were many characteristics of the Egyptian belief system. One of the characteristics were gods and goddesses. The gods and goddesses helped and protected the Egyptians in their life. One of the gods was Ra. Ra was the sun god, and was considered the most important god of Ancient Egypt.
The civilizations that flourished in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Palestine were located in river valleys or along the Mediterranean coast. These civilizations developed highly complex cultures that shared many common characteristics. Egyptians were a very advanced civilization due to their inventions and technology. The Old Kingdom, which first began in 2650 B.C as stated in the timeline of Document 1, was defined by its many great pyramids and monuments. From there on in the ancient Egyptian timeline, Egyptians surpassed other civilizations through their many remarkable advancements and achievements.
Egypt had a different government than the Maya, in Egypt they had branches of government who helped each other deal with the people, but the Maya had one big cheese who was in charge of everything, this could relate to why the Maya had a hard time with politics as one man was in charge of everything, whereas the Egyptians helped each other out, that being said, the Egyptians still had a main person in charge called a Pharaoh. The Egyptians have a similar diet as the Maya, meaning they eat a lot of grains and fruit, much like the Maya too, they also lived in North Africa, which is a very fertile area for growing grains and wheat, they were also quite a while away from Maya, which means that they were unlikely to take ideas from the Maya, such
I believe that in Egypt a complex society emerged because of the location they chose to inhabit. The Egyptians had a more productive and protected area of land. The Nile River was predictable and made it easier to grow crops (Wallech, 2013, p. 54). In addition, the Egyptians had only one of four frontiers susceptible to invasion (p. 54).
The Caelans and Egyptians both created civilizations worth living in because of their ability to bring stability to society through an organized religion. For example, in Caela’s main religion, the elite had a special connection to the gods causing Caela to be formed into a hierarchy with the elite being put on top. As a result of the religion’s impact on the type of social system in Caela, Caela was stable as the elite were the constant rulers and there weren’t questions about successors. In addition, the ruling elite brought stability to Caela through no abrupt changes that elections would cause. Consequently, society was organized as the religion created social classes with the elite having the most power next priests, then in order artisans, farmers, and finally slaves.
Ra is the ancient Egyptian sun god. He is the father of the gods and is usually depicted with the body of a human and the head of a falcon. Isis was a fertility goddess and a mother goddess. She was the sister-wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus.
The Pharaoh ruled over Egypt as a king and a god. They believed that Egypt belonged to the gods since the king was also a god he has absolute power over Egypt and its people. Since he was a god he was blamed if the crops did not grow, if a disease came around, and had to prevent wars. The nobles contained government officials and priests that help run the government and temples. The high priests oversaw all religious
These two ancient civilizations shared similar social structures as both divided their citizens into different classes. During the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt, people were divided into seven different levels. At the top was the Pharaoh with the government officials, nobles and priests below him/her. The fourth level consisted of the scribes and soldiers with the craftsmen and merchants making up the middle class in the fifth level.
The main gods then created less powerful gods who ruled different aspects of the Earth like Utu and Nanna, gods of the sun and moon, respectively. Not knowing much on how the world worked, religion filled in the blanks for people living in Mesopotamia. Their gods had divine ruling and conducted every natural action -- including forces of nature, life and death, good and evil etc. Ziggurat, a local temple, was where everyone met to praise the gods.
Many people don't really know about ancient Egypt but it was one very interesting place. By the way, the people dressed all the way to how they mummified the Pharaohs and important people for the afterlife. There are just a lot of things to learn about ancient Egypt, but I'm going to narrow it down and talk about the social pyramid of Ancient Egypt. Ancient Egypt social pyramid is arranged to where the Pharos and those of deities were at the top, and slaves and servants made up the bottom of the pyramid. Okay, so at the top, you had Pharos then under them, you have Government officials, priests, and nobles.
The ancient Egyptians believed that people and nature are ruled by powerful gods. As Taylor says in his book “Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt”, the Egyptians believed that the universe consisted of three types of beings: the gods, the living, and the dead. Egyptians connected everything happening in their life in terms of relationship between