The Phoenician wives on the other hand had over 15 different gods with names like Adon, Baal, Mot and Yamm. Finally his Egyptian wives probably worshipped a sun-god, Osiris the god of death, and other Egyptian gods. Overall there were probably over 35 different gods in the house of King
The Aztecs were a great Mesoamerican civilization with advancements abound. They were a strictly organized and powerful society with a lot of influence on their citizens. A busy market and plenty of resources also contributed to their blossoming economy. Notorious for their sacrifices, the Aztecs are also mainly known for their religious ceremonies, though the underlying cause is often overlooked. Though they’re often painted as cold and brutal, the Aztec’s should be renowned for their power, economy, and religious concerns.
Prior to Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) reign, Egypt practice polytheism which they worship many god and goddess and pharaoh were contest by the local temple priests. “Throughout the dynastic history of Egypt, the central authority of the pharaoh was repeatedly contested by local temple priests, each of whom held religious and political sway in their own regions along the Nile.” (Fiero pg. 54). When Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) was a pharaoh of Egypt between 1353-1337 B.C.E, he had a different view more like a monotheism belief which belief is one single god. He changed the views of ancient Egypt from polytheism which is the wordship of many gods and goddess, to one god who name was Aten.
Myths that include gods becoming part of the land include Greek and Chinese creation myths. According to the Greek creation myths, Gaea, one of the first goddesses, became the goddess of the Earth while Ouranos became the god of the sky. (Murtagh, cs.williams.edu) The Chinese creation myth says that in the very beginning, there was only a large egg that contained a god named P’an Ku. However, P’an Ku eventually grew too big for the egg and burst it. After this, he began to form the Earth, digging out rivers and valleys, and eventually became part of the Earth when he died, with his flesh turning into the soil and his bones turning into rocks.
In the time period, the world was full of polytheistic religions, like the Ancient Egyptian religion, and therefore the transition from henotheism to monotheism was extremely significant in history. The start of this transition can be seen in the story of Noah’s ark, especially in comparison to the flood from the Epic of Gilgamesh. These two stories are undeniably linked and share many similarities. An important difference between the two is that the Mesopotamian story contains many gods and the Biblical story only contains one God. Creation myths are essential to a religion because they give an explanation for the origins of the world, and usually revolve around certain deities.
The only difference between us and the Ancient Egyptians would be, that some of what was scrawled on the papyrus scrolls were incantations, as well as medical records. Lastly, I felt the Ancient Egyptians ability to relieve pain through homeopathic remedies was very clever, in the way they were able to use their intuition in nature and provide for these remedies. An example of two of their most common homeopathic remedies, was to chew a ball of honey, cinnamon, myrrh, frankincense, and pignon, to cure chronic bad breath. As well as opium was administered as an anesthetic, as this originally comes from the poppy plant. There are plenty of more pros and cons I could list, such as the pro of sanitation, as this lessened the mortality rate, due to their deep values for cleanliness, where surgical instruments were sterilized, as well as the places of medical practice.
In every Roman city, there is a temple devoted to the 3 divine beings, Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva. The rulers of Ancient Rome were also considered to be gods. Ancient Romans sometimes performed sacrifices to worship the gods. Divination was used to find out what the gods wanted and ward away their anger. Later, as Roman religion became more political, people started following Christianity.
The ancient Greeks believed in many different gods and goddesses. People in the Greek society might not have share the same ideas for all aspects of their lives but one thing that was shared amongst each other was that gods existed and they had the power to influence anything. So to commemorate these gods or goddess they would building these monuments or temples that would be used for worship and praising the gods/goddess. Temples were built to serve as homes for the god or goddess who protected and managed the community. This idea did not start with the Greeks but existed in ancient Egyptian culture, where they built temples as places for the gods to reside on earth.
Leadership and ideology in Egypt were strongly linked, with rulers being presented as divine and the heirs of the previous rulers, the gods (RoS 2014:234). The hieroglyphic term for ruler was ‘nswt’ and the term for the king of the gods was ‘nswt ntrw’ – the ‘nswt’ ruled by right not only Egypt but the entire world and was responsible for maintaining both the social order and the cosmic balance (Trigger 2003:72). Rulers were considered as deities and thus immortal, and although they might succumb to physical death, this was not total death – as the ka of the leader was able to remain above ground, while the funerary rites enabled the soul to enter the underworld (RoS 2014:203-4). Egyptian elite developed a sophisticated ideology of kingship portraying the pharaoh as the point of connection between human society, the gods and the wider cosmos (Baines 1995:95). Beyond his ideological role, the king was both a soldier (head of the army) and a priest (chief priest of all the temples) – the military and the priesthood can thus not be dissociated from the kingship (Exell & Naunton 2007:93) His status was expressed and reinforced through various strategies: royal dress, iconography, myths, rituals, propagandistic texts and monumental architecture (Goebs 2007:275).
The Pyramid of the Dragon is believed to be more than 11,000 years old. It is also near Visocica Hill. The purpose of building these pyramids is still unknown. 9. Uses of Ancient Pyramids They had a variety of uses which include; storing valuables for the rich, a source of energy connecting Egyptians and their gods, a morgue of pharaohs, queens and kings, a place to clean muddy water drawn from the River Nile, a granary for wheat during famines and a place of shelter protecting people from