Advanced Practice Nursing Case Study

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Advanced practice nurses (APN) have a vital role in the future of health care, especially since the enactment of the Affordable Health Care Act. With more citizens having health insurance coverage they will be seeking health care providers, and there are not enough physicians to care for them all. According to Letiziam (2014), advance practice nurses are licensed autonomous health care providers that have been trained to evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients and their conditions. Advanced practice nursing is an umbrella that covers four separate roles of nurses, this includes: the certified nurse midwife (CNM), certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA), certified nurse practitioner (CNP), and certified nurse specialist (CNS). An APN has obtained a masters of science in nursing or a doctoral degree from an accredited nursing program within the United States. After receiving the MSN or DNP the nurse must obtain national certification by passing an exam administered by an accepted certifying body. Finally the APN must follow the procedure to become authorized for practice based on their specific state regulations. The purpose of this paper is to examine the state of advanced practice nursing from a local, state, national, and international perspective. The topics to be discussed include: historical development of the APN, role of the APN from various perspectives, and analysis of current state of practice. History of APN O’Brien (2003) found, in the late 1950’s and
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