First generation biofuel is made from food crops or feed stocks that can also be consumed as human food by extracting the oils through fermentation. Crops like wheat, sugarcane, corn, sugar beet and sorghum are some of the main sources of producing biofuel. Since their availability and extraction through conventional means they are termed as conventional biofuels. Most common first generation biofuel includes:- (1) Biodiesel. Extracted from vegetable oils, animal fats, seeds from plants like Soybeans, Canola, and Sunflower are few of the examples.
Biomass Energy Methods: There are five biomass energy methods: 1- Direct combustion: This method refers to the burning of wood scarps and grasses. 2- Chemical conversion: biodiesel is a liquid fuel that can be used in engines instead of gasoline and has less pollution. We can get biodiesel from converting canola oils and soybean using a certain type of chemical during the process of chemical conversion. 3- Pyrolysis: The third method refers to heating biomass in order to get useful gases such as hydrogen and methane. Hydrogen is very important in producing water.
Biodiesel is an alternate fuel similar to fossil diesel. Biodiesel can be produced from animal oil, vegetable oil or fats and wast cooking oil. The procedure used to convert these oils to Biodiesel is called trans-esterification. Nowadays, the biodiesel produced is formed from chip shops, waste vegetable oil from restaurants and many more. Although that oil from the agriculture industry is the greatest potential source; it is not being produced simply because the raw oil is too expensive.
It is also having the relation with bio-fuel energy. Bio-fuel energy is from biofuels that is produced directly or indirectly from an inorganic material which is derived from plants and animals. Bio-fuel energy is the solar energy from the photosynthesis of plants process. Besides, biofuels may be derived from agricultural crops which is from certain energy crops and conventional food plants. It could be also obtained from the service-by-products and wastes.
2)They are good approximation and indicator of the contents of packaged goods and 3) It also serve as a very cheap and easy verification of nutritional panels of the product. QUESTION 3) A Biodiesel is a clean-burning and renewable diesel replacement which improves fuel security and provides a cleaner air to breathe i.e it does not cause pollution.It is commonly made from vegetable oils such as ,animal fats,canola oil, animal fats or recycled greases such as used cooking oil. Other feedstocks which are being developed includes pomgania trees, algae, camelina,jatropha and dry land juncea.The feedstock which contains the fatty acid is combined with alcohol . This causes the condensation of molecules of water, leaving behind rich and pure fatty acids. HOW IS BIODESEL MANUFACTURED A chemical process called transesterificaton is used to make biodesel.
Major energy resources derived from fossil fuels such as petrol, oil, coal and natural gas. Vegetable oils cannot be straightly used in the diesel engine because its possess high viscosity, high density, high flash point and lower heating value. So it needs to be transferred into biodiesel to make it consistent with fuel properties of diesel. Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel prepared from vegetable oil and animal fats. It can act both as a
Can biodiesel replace petro diesel and be the answer to our future energy sustenance. Introduction Nowadays some people think that biodiesel wants to replace petroleum diesel. But The role of biodiesel industry is not to replace petroleum diesel, it is to help create a balanced energy policy, because it is one of several alternative fuels designed to extend the usefulness of petroleum, and the longevity and cleanliness of diesel engines. Biodiesel fuel is a renewable substitute fuel for petroleum diesel or petro diesel fuel produced using vegetable or creature fats, it can be utilized as a part of any mixture with petro diesel fuel, as it has fundamentally the same qualities, however it has lower fumes emanations. Biodiesel fuel has preferable
Like all plastics, bio-plastics are made from the combination of polymers. A polymer is substance that is comprised of small molecular subunits called monomers. The process of linking these monomer subunits together end to end that creates a polymer. This either involves the process of dehydration, which is the removal of water from the sugar or through polymerization to cause the molecules to link together in chains. From there on molecularly linking polymers together will make a plastic.
Then, biodiesel are green goods in form kindred to existing procedure and engineering used for former biofuels feedstocks. Lately other hypothesis for biofuel production are being chased alternatively of the trans-esterification response, such as the thermal cracking implying cleavage of the triglycerides or the thermal decomposition and other organic compounds exhibited in the feedstock, in simpler particles, namely alkenes, alkanes, carboxylic acids, aromatics, among
Bioethanol Bioethanol (ethyl ethanol C2H5OH) is produced by the fermentation of sugary plants; it is a biodegradable substance so if it happened to spill it would not cause negative effects on the environment; it is the main replacement for petroleum as fuel. It is a good alternative fuel because it is carbon neutral: the CO2 released by burning it equal to the CO2 taken up by the plant. It is also considered a renewable source of energy as photosynthesis is the first step of the production. Compared to ordinary gasoline, it burns more completely and so releases less toxic compounds like CO. It is possible to blend bioethanol with petroleum, giving a mix that releases less greenhouse gases than ordinary petroleum.